481. Hadith

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مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ زُرْعَةَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ (عليه السلام) فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ كانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَقَالَ كَانَتِ الْيَهُودُ تَجِدُ فِي كُتُبِهَا أَنَّ مُهَاجَرَ مُحَمَّدٍ (صلى الله عليه وآله) مَا بَيْنَ عَيْرٍ وَ أُحُدٍ فَخَرَجُوا يَطْلُبُونَ الْمَوْضِعَ فَمَرُّوا بِجَبَلٍ يُسَمَّى حَدَاداً فَقَالُوا حَدَادٌ وَ أُحُدٌ سَوَاءٌ فَتَفَرَّقُوا عِنْدَهُ فَنَزَلَ بَعْضُهُمْ بِتَيْمَاءَ وَ بَعْضُهُمْ بِفَدَكَ وَ بَعْضُهُمْ بِخَيْبَرَ فَاشْتَاقَ الَّذِينَ بِتَيْمَاءَ إِلَى بَعْضِ إِخْوَانِهِمْ فَمَرَّ بِهِمْ أَعْرَابِيٌّ مِنْ قَيْسٍ فَتَكَارَوْا مِنْهُ وَ قَالَ لَهُمْ أَمُرُّ بِكُمْ مَا بَيْنَ عَيْرٍ وَ أُحُدٍ فَقَالُوا لَهُ إِذَا مَرَرْتَ بِهِمَا فَآذِنَّا بِهِمَا فَلَمَّا تَوَسَّطَ بِهِمْ أَرْضَ الْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ لَهُمْ ذَاكَ عَيْرٌ وَ هَذَا أُحُدٌ فَنَزَلُوا عَنْ ظَهْرِ إِبِلِهِ وَ قَالُوا قَدْ أَصَبْنَا بُغْيَتَنَا فَلَا حَاجَةَ لَنَا فِي إِبِلِكَ فَاذْهَبْ حَيْثُ شِئْتَ وَ كَتَبُوا إِلَى إِخْوَانِهِمُ الَّذِينَ بِفَدَكَ وَ خَيْبَرَ أَنَّا قَدْ أَصَبْنَا الْمَوْضِعَ فَهَلُمُّوا إِلَيْنَا فَكَتَبُوا إِلَيْهِمْ أَنَّا قَدِ اسْتَقَرَّتْ بِنَا الدَّارُ وَ اتَّخَذْنَا الْأَمْوَالَ وَ مَا أَقْرَبَنَا مِنْكُمْ فَإِذَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ فَمَا أَسْرَعَنَا إِلَيْكُمْ فَاتَّخَذُوا بِأَرْضِ الْمَدِينَةِ الْأَمْوَالَ فَلَمَّا كَثُرَتْ أَمْوَالُهُمْ بَلَغَ تُبَّعَ فَغَزَاهُمْ فَتَحَصَّنُوا مِنْهُ فَحَاصَرَهُمْ وَ كَانُوا يَرِقُّونَ لِضُعَفَاءِ أَصْحَابِ تُبَّعٍ فَيُلْقُونَ إِلَيْهِمْ بِاللَّيْلِ التَّمْرَ وَ الشَّعِيرَ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ تُبَّعَ فَرَقَّ لَهُمْ وَ آمَنَهُمْ فَنَزَلُوا إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ إِنِّي قَدِ اسْتَطَبْتُ بِلَادَكُمْ وَ لَا أَرَانِي إِلَّا مُقِيماً فِيكُمْ فَقَالُوا لَهُ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ ذَاكَ لَكَ إِنَّهَا مُهَاجَرُ نَبِيٍّ وَ لَيْسَ ذَلِكَ لِأَحَدٍ حَتَّى يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ إِنِّي مُخَلِّفٌ فِيكُمْ مِنْ أُسْرَتِي مَنْ إِذَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ سَاعَدَهُ وَ نَصَرَهُ فَخَلَّفَ حَيَّيْنِ الْأَوْسَ وَ الْخَزْرَجَ فَلَمَّا كَثُرُوا بِهَا كَانُوا يَتَنَاوَلُونَ أَمْوَالَ الْيَهُودِ وَ كَانَتِ الْيَهُودُ تَقُولُ لَهُمْ أَمَا لَوْ قَدْ بُعِثَ مُحَمَّدٌ لَيُخْرِجَنَّكُمْ مِنْ دِيَارِنَا وَ أَمْوَالِنَا فَلَمَّا بَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مُحَمَّداً (صلى الله عليه وآله) آمَنَتْ بِهِ الْأَنْصَارُ وَ كَفَرَتْ بِهِ الْيَهُودُ وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ كانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَلَمَّا جاءَهُمْ ما عَرَفُوا كَفَرُوا بِهِ فَلَعْنَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكافِرِينَ.


481. Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Isa, from Al-Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al-Nazar Bin Suweyd, from Zur’at Bin Muhammad, from Abu Baseer, who has said: Abu Abdullah (asws) regarding the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: “[2:89] and before that they used to pray for victory against those who disbelieve”. He (asws) said: ‘The Jews had found in their Book that Muhammad (saww) would emigrate between Ayr and Ohad, so they went out look for these places. They passed by a mountain called Hadaad, so they said, ‘Hadaad and Ohad are one and the same’. So they dispersed upon that. Some of them encamped at Tayma and some of them at Fadak, and some of them at Khyber’. The ones who were at Tayma longed to be with some of their brothers. A Bedouin from Qays, passed by them so they hired (a camel) from him and he said to them, ‘I shall pass with you in between Ayr and Ohad’. They said to him, ‘When you pass by these two, point these two places out to us. So when he was in the middle of the land of Al-Medina, he said to them, ‘That is Ayr and this is Ohad’. So they descended from the backs of his camels and said, ‘We have reached where we wanted to be, therefore we do not have any need for your camels, and so you can go to wherever you like’. And they wrote to their brothers who were at Fadak and Khyber, ‘We have got to the place so come to us’. They wrote back to them, ‘We have settled in the houses and acquired assets, and there is no one closer to us than you are. So when that event transpires, we would quickly come to you’. They acquired assets in the land of Al-Medina. When their wealth increased, it (news) reached Tubba and he attacked them. They fortified themselves from him, so he surrounded them. They felt sympathetic towards the weak ones of Tubba and they would throw the dates and the barley towards them at night. So (the news of) that reached Tubba, and he sympathised with them and granted them amnesty. They came down to him. He said to them, ‘I have come to like your city and would like to reside among you’. So they said to him, ‘It is not for you to dwell in that place, for a Prophet (saww) would be emigrating and that is not for anyone until that happens’. He said to them, ‘I will leave behind among you members of my family, so when that happens, they would support him (saww) and help him (saww)’. So he left behind two tribes, Al-Aws and Al-Khazraj. So when they multiplied, they used to take the wealth of the Jews and the Jews used to say to them, ‘But, when Muhammad (saww) is Sent, he (saww) would take you all out from our houses and our wealth’. So when Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic Sent Muhammad (saww), the Helpers believed in him (saww), but the Jews denied him (saww), and it is the Statement of Allah (azwj) Mighty and Majestic: “[2:89] and before that they used to pray for victory against those who disbelieve, but when there came to them (Prophet) that which they did not recognize, they disbelieved in him; so Allah’s curse is on the unbelievers.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 403)