454. Hadith

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حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْكِنْدِيِّ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عليه السلام) قَالَ إِنَّ النَّاسَ لَمَّا صَنَعُوا مَا صَنَعُوا إِذْ بَايَعُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ لَمْ يَمْنَعْ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عليه السلام) مِنْ أَنْ يَدْعُوَ إِلَى نَفْسِهِ إِلَّا نَظَراً لِلنَّاسِ وَتَخَوُّفاً عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْ يَرْتَدُّوا عَنِ الْإِسْلَامِ فَيَعْبُدُوا الْأَوْثَانَ وَ لَا يَشْهَدُوا أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ كَانَ الْأَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ يُقِرَّهُمْ عَلَى مَا صَنَعُوا مِنْ أَنْ يَرْتَدُّوا عَنْ جَمِيعِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَ إِنَّمَا هَلَكَ الَّذِينَ رَكِبُوا مَا رَكِبُوا فَأَمَّا مَنْ لَمْ يَصْنَعْ ذَلِكَ وَ دَخَلَ فِيمَا دَخَلَ فِيهِ النَّاسُ عَلَى غَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَ لَا عَدَاوَةٍ لِأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عليه السلام) فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ لَا يُكْفِرُهُ وَ لَا يُخْرِجُهُ مِنَ الْإِسْلَامِ وَ لِذَلِكَ كَتَمَ عَلِيٌّ (عليه السلام) أَمْرَهُ وَ بَايَعَ مُكْرَهاً حَيْثُ لَمْ يَجِدْ أَعْوَاناً.


454. Humeyd Bin Ziyad, from Al-Hassan Bin Muhammad Al-Kindy, from someone else, from Abaan Bin Usmaan, from Al-Fazel, from Zurara, who has narrated the following: Abu Ja’far (asws) has said that: ‘The people, when they did what they did, they pledged their allegiances to Abu Bakr, nothing prevented Amir-ul- Momineen (asws) calling the people to himself (asws) except that he (asws) looked around at the people and feared for them that they would renege from Al-Islam, and resort to worshipping the idols and not testify that there is no god except Allah (azwj) and that Muhamamd (saww) is the Rasool Allah (saww), and it was more beloved to him (asws) than he (asws) should agree with them upon what they had done rather than them reneging against the whole of Al-Islam. But rather, destroyed is the one who does what they did. So, as for the one who did not do that, and entered into what the people had entered into without knowledge or enmity against Amir-ul- Momineen (asws), so for that they have neither blasphemed nor exited from Al-Islam, and it is for that reason that Ali (asws) concealed his (asws) matter, and had to pledge allegiance unwillingly, when he (asws) did not find any helpers’.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالوثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6 / 326)