33. Marriage with a Taxpayer Female

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ وَغَيْرِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ الْمُؤْمِنِ يَتَزَوَّجُ الْيَهُودِيَّةَ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّةَ قَالَ إِذَا أَصَابَ الْمُسْلِمَةَ فَمَا يَصْنَعُ بِالْيَهُودِيَّةِ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّةِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ يَكُونُ لَهُ فِيهَا الْهَوَى فَقَالَ إِنْ فَعَلَ فَلْيَمْنَعْهَا مِنْ شُرْبِ الْخَمْرِ وَأَكْلِ لَحْمِ الْخِنْزِيرِ وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ عَلَيْهِ فِي دِينِهِ غَضَاضَةً.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab and others who has said the following: “About the case of a man who marries a Jewish or a Christian woman, abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said, ‘What has he to do with a Jewish or Christian woman if he can find a Muslim woman?’ I (the narrator) asked, ‘What happens if he loves her?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If he marries, he must stop her from drinking wine and eating pork and you must take notice that he will have deficiency in his religion.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/63)



2- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ نِكَاحِ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّةِ فَقَالَ لا يَصْلُحُ لِلْمُسْلِمِ أَنْ يَنْكِحَ يَهُودِيَّةً وَلا نَصْرَانِيَّةً وَإِنَّمَا يَحِلُّ لَهُ مِنْهُنَّ نِكَاحُ الْبُلْهِ.


2. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Zurarah ibn ‘A‘yan who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about marriage with a Jewish or Christian woman. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not proper for a Muslim to marry a Jewish or Christian woman; only with the simple-minded ones of them marriage is lawful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/64)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَيَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَجُوسِيَّةَ قَالَ لا وَلَكِنْ إِنْ كَانَتْ لَهُ أَمَةً.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if it is lawful to marry a Zoroastrian woman. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, however, she can be his slave-girl.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/65)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يَتَزَوَّجُ الْيَهُودِيَّةَ وَلا النَّصْرَانِيَّةَ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمَةِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A Jewish or a Christian woman cannot become a second wife, the first being a Muslim woman.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/65)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْيَهُودِيَّةِ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّةِ أَيَتَزَوَّجُهَا الرَّجُلُ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمَةِ قَالَ لا وَيَتَزَوَّجُ الْمُسْلِمَةَ عَلَى الْيَهُودِيَّةِ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّةِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid al-Barqiy from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah ibn Mehran who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if one can marry a Jewish or a Christian woman as a second wife, the first being a Muslim woman. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, but a Muslim woman can become a second wife, the first being a Jewish or a Christian woman.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/65)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ جَهْمٍ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ مَا تَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ يَتَزَوَّجُ نَصْرَانِيَّةً عَلَى مُسْلِمَةٍ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَمَا قَوْلِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ قَالَ لَتَقُولَنَّ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ يُعْلَمُ بِهِ قَوْلِي قُلْتُ لا يَجُوزُ تَزْوِيجُ النَّصْرَانِيَّةِ عَلَى مُسْلِمَةٍ وَلا غَيْرِ مُسْلِمَةٍ قَالَ وَلِمَ قُلْتُ لِقَوْلِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلا تَنْكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكاتِ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنَّ قَالَ فَمَا تَقُولُ فِي هَذِهِ الآيَةِ وَالْمُحْصَناتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ قُلْتُ فَقَوْلُهُ وَلا تَنْكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكاتِ نَسَخَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ فَتَبَسَّمَ ثُمَّ سَكَتَ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘O abu Muhammad, what do you say about a man who marries a Jewish or a Christian woman, as a second wife, the first being a Muslim woman?’ I replied, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, my words have no meaning in your presence.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You must say it; with it my words will come to light.’ I said, ‘It is not lawful to marry a Christian woman as a second wife, the first being a Muslim woman or non-Muslim woman.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘Why is it so?’ I replied, ‘It is because of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, “You must not marry the pagan women until they become believers.’” (2:221) He (the Imam) then asked, ‘What do you say about, “Marry of the chaste woman of the followers of the book (bible) which was before you” (5:5)?’ I replied, ‘Verse 221 of Chapter 2 has cancelled verse 5:5.’ He (the Imam) smiled and remained quiet.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/65)



7- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ دُرُسْتَ الْوَاسِطِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يَنْبَغِي نِكَاحُ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَأَيْنَ تَحْرِيمُهُ قَالَ قَوْلُهُ وَلا تُمْسِكُوا بِعِصَمِ الْكَوافِرِ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Ahmad ibn ‘Umar from Durust al-Wasitiy from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah ibn ‘A‘yan who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not proper to marry a woman of the people of the book (bible).’ I then asked, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, where is its unlawfulness mentioned?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is in His words, ‘You must not hold on to your unbelieving wives.’ (60:10)”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/68)



8- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَالْمُحْصَناتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ فَقَالَ هَذِهِ مَنْسُوخَةٌ بِقَوْلِهِ وَلا تُمْسِكُوا بِعِصَمِ الْكَوافِرِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah ibn ‘A‘yan who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘Marry of the chaste women of those to whom the book was given before you.’ (5:5) He (the Imam) said, ‘It is cancelled by, ‘You must not hold on to your unbelieving wives.’ (60:10)”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/68)



9- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ وَجَمِيعَ مَنْ لَهُ ذِمَّةٌ إِذَا أَسْلَمَ أَحَدُ الزَّوْجَيْنِ فَهُمَا عَلَى نِكَاحِهِمَا وَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يُخْرِجَهَا مِنْ دَارِ الإسْلامِ إِلَى غَيْرِهَا وَلإ؛ت‏ت يَبِيتَ مَعَهَا وَلَكِنَّهُ يَأْتِيهَا بِالنَّهَارِ فَأَمَّا الْمُشْرِكُونَ مِثْلُ مُشْرِكِي الْعَرَبِ وَغَيْرِهِمْ فَهُمْ عَلَى نِكَاحِهِمْ إِلَى انْقِضَاءِ الْعِدَّةِ فَإِنْ أَسْلَمَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ ثُمَّ أَسْلَمَ الرَّجُلُ قَبْلَ انْقِضَاءِ عِدَّتِهَا فَهِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُسْلِمْ إِلا بَعْدَ انْقِضَاءِ الْعِدَّةِ فَقَدْ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ وَلا سَبِيلَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا وَكَذَلِكَ جَمِيعُ مَنْ لا ذِمَّةَ لَهُ وَلا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُسْلِمِ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَ يَهُودِيَّةً وَلا نَصْرَانِيَّةً وَهُوَ يَجِدُ مُسْلِمَةً حُرَّةً أَوْ أَمَةً.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of his people from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Of the non-Muslim taxpayers, if one spouse becomes a Muslim, their marriage remains valid and he cannot take her out of the Muslim domain to other areas or spend a night with her but he can meet her during the day. The pagans, like Arab pagans or others live with their marriage until the time the waiting period is complete. If the woman becomes a Muslimah then the man becomes a Muslim before the waiting period is over. She remains his wife; but if he did not become a Muslim before the waiting period is complete then she becomes stranger for him and he cannot approach her. This applies to all non-tax payers. It is not proper for a Muslim to marry a Jewish or a Christian woman if he can find a Muslim woman.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/68)



10- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُسْلِمِ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَ يَهُودِيَّةً وَلا نَصْرَانِيَّةً وَهُوَ يَجِدُ مُسْلِمَةً حُرَّةً أَوْ أَمَةً.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma’il ibn Marrar from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not proper for a Muslim to marry a Jewish or a Christian woman if he can find a free Muslim woman or a slave-girl.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/69)



11- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ لَهُ امْرَأَةٌ نَصْرَانِيَّةٌ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَ عَلَيْهَا يَهُودِيَّةً فَقَالَ إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ مَمَالِيكُ لِلإمَامِ وَذَلِكَ مُوَسَّعٌ مِنَّا عَلَيْكُمْ خَاصَّةً فَلا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَ قُلْتُ فَإِنَّهُ يَتَزَوَّجُ أَمَةً قَالَ لا لا يَصْلُحُ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَ ثَلاثَ إِمَاءٍ فَإِنْ تَزَوَّجَ عَلَيْهِمَا حُرَّةً مُسْلِمَةً وَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّ لَهُ امْرَأَةً نَصْرَانِيَّةً وَيَهُودِيَّةً ثُمَّ دَخَلَ بِهَا فَإِنَّ لَهَا مَا أَخَذَتْ مِنَ الْمَهْرِ فَإِنْ شَاءَتْ أَنْ تُقِيمَ بَعْدُ مَعَهُ أَقَامَتْ وَإِنْ شَاءَتْ تَذْهَبُ إِلَى أَهْلِهَا ذَهَبَتْ وَإِذَا حَاضَتْ ثَلاثَةَ حِيَضٍ أَوْ مَرَّتْ لَهَا ثَلاثَةُ أَشْهُرٍ حَلَّتْ لِلأزْوَاجِ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَ عَلَيْهَا الْيَهُودِيَّةَ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّةَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّةُ الْمُسْلِمَةِ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا سَبِيلٌ أَنْ يَرُدَّهَا إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has a Christian wife; if he can marry a Jewish woman as a second wife. He (the Imam) said, ‘People of the book are under the domain of the Imam and there is permission from us for you especially, so it is not unlawful to marry.’ I then asked, ‘Can he marry a slave-girl?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not proper to marry three slave-girls. If he marries a Muslim woman who does not know about his non-Muslim wives and he goes to bed with her, she can demand the mahr (dower) whatever it is, and it is up to her to live with him or go to her family. If she decides to go; after three cycles of menses or three months she can lawfully marry.’ I then asked, ‘Can he bring her back if he divorces the Jewish and Christian women before her waiting periods is complete?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/70)