166. Shaking Hands with Women

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ مُصَافَحَةِ الرَّجُلِ الْمَرْأَةَ قَالَ لا يَحِلُّ لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يُصَافِحَ الْمَرْأَةَ إِلا امْرَأَةً يَحْرُمُ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَهَا أُخْتٌ أَوْ بِنْتٌ أَوْ عَمَّةٌ أَوْ خَالَةٌ أَوِ ابْنَةُ أُخْتٍ أَوْ نَحْوُهَا فَأَمَّا الْمَرْأَةُ الَّتِي يَحِلُّ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَزَوَّجَهَا فَلا يُصَافِحْهَا إِلا مِنْ وَرَاءِ الثَّوْبِ وَلا يَغْمِزْ كَفَّهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah ibn Mehran who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about men’s shaking hands with women. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is lawful for men to shake hands with women with whom marriage is not lawful, like sister, daughter, paternal and maternal aunts, daughter of sister or so. However, a woman with whom marriage is lawful shaking hands is unlawful, except from behind the cloth but he must not squeeze her palm.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/355)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) هَلْ يُصَافِحُ الرَّجُلُ الْمَرْأَةَ لَيْسَتْ بِذِي مَحْرَمٍ فَقَالَ لا إِلا مِنْ وَرَاءِ الثَّوْبِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from abu Basir who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if one can shake hands with women who are lawful for marriage. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is not permissible except from behind the cloth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/355)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ مِسْكِينٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَتْنِي سَعِيدَةُ وَمِنَّةُ أُخْتَا مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ بَيَّاعِ السَّابِرِيِّ قَالَتَا دَخَلْنَا عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقُلْنَا تَعُودُ الْمَرْأَةُ أَخَاهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْنَا تُصَافِحُهُ قَالَ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الثَّوْبِ قَالَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا إِنَّ أُخْتِي هَذِهِ تَعُودُ إِخْوَتَهَا قَالَ إِذَا عُدْتِ إِخْوَتَكِ فَلا تَلْبَسِي الْمُصَبَّغَةَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn Salim from certain persons of his people from al-Hakam ibn Miskin who has said that Sa‘idah and Minnah sisters of Muhammad ibn abu ‘Amid Bayya‘ al-Sabiriy narrated to me the following: “Once, we visited abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked if a woman can visit her brother. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, she can do so.’ We then asked if she can shake hands with him. He (the Imam) said, ‘It must be from behind the cloth.’ One of them said, ‘My sister, this one, visits her brothers.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘When you visit your brothers do not wear dyes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/355)