98. If the Slave Asks his Master to Sell him or Stipulates to Give him Something

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ قَالَ قَالَ غُلامٌ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي كُنْتُ قُلْتُ لِمَوْلايَ بِعْنِي بِسَبْعِمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ وَأَنَا أُعْطِيكَ ثَلاثَمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنْ كَانَ لَكَ يَوْمَ شَرَطْتَ أَنْ تُعْطِيَهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَعَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُعْطِيَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Musa ibn Bakr from al-Fudayl who has said the following: “Once, a slave said to abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I had said to my master, “Sell me for seven hundred dirham, I pay you three hundred dirham.’” Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘If you owned something on the day you made the condition then you must pay, and if you did not have anything on that day, there is nothing on you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/253)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ فُضَيْلٍ قَالَ قَالَ غُلامٌ سِنْدِيٌّ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي قُلْتُ لِمَوْلايَ بِعْنِي بِسَبْعِمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ وَأَنَا أُعْطِيكَ ثَلاثَمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنْ كَانَ يَوْمَ شَرَطْتَ لَكَ مَالٌ فَعَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُعْطِيَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَكَ يَوْمَئِذٍ مَالٌ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from Fudayl who has said the following: “A Sindiy slave once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I said to my master, “Sell me for seven hundred dirham, I pay you three hundred dirham.’” Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘If you owned something on the day you made the condition then you must pay, and if you did not have anything on that day there is nothing on you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/253)