57. Speaking of Allah, Most High, in the Market

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ حَنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا أَبَا الْفَضْلِ أَمَا لَكَ مَكَانٌ تَقْعُدُ فِيهِ فَتُعَامِلَ النَّاسَ قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ مَا مِنْ رَجُلٍ مُؤْمِنٍ يَرُوحُ أَوْ يَغْدُو إِلَى مَجْلِسِهِ أَوْ سُوقِهِ فَيَقُولُ حِينَ يَضَعُ رِجْلَهُ فِي السُّوقِ اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ خَيْرِهَا وَخَيْرِ أَهْلِهَا إِلا وَكَّلَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ مَنْ يَحْفَظُهُ وَيَحْفَظُ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يَرْجِعَ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ قَدْ أُجِرْتَ مِنْ شَرِّهَا وَشَرِّ أَهْلِهَا يَوْمَكَ هَذَا بِإِذْنِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَقَدْ رُزِقْتَ خَيْرَهَا وَخَيْرَ أَهْلِهَا فِي يَوْمِكَ هَذَا فَإِذَا جَلَسَ مَجْلِسَهُ قَالَ حِينَ يَجْلِسُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لا إِلَهَ إِلا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ حَلالا طَيِّباً وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ أَنْ أَظْلِمَ أَوْ أُظْلَمَ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ صَفْقَةٍ خَاسِرَةٍ وَيَمِينٍ كَاذِبَةٍ فَإِذَا قَالَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ لَهُ الْمَلَكُ الْمُوَكَّلُ بِهِ أَبْشِرْ فَمَا فِي سُوقِكَ الْيَوْمَ أَحَدٌ أَوْفَرَ مِنْكَ حَظّاً قَدْ تَعَجَّلْتَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَمُحِيَتْ عَنْكَ السَّيِّئَاتُ وَسَيَأْتِيكَ مَا قَسَمَ اللهُ لَكَ مُوَفَّراً حَلالا طَيِّباً مُبَارَكاً فِيهِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il from Hanan from his father who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘O abu al-Fadl, do you have a place where you can sit and do business with people ? 5 I replied, ‘Yes, I have such a place . 5 He (the Imam) then said, ‘Whoever of believing people during the morning or evening goes to his market-place and says this when setting foot in the market-place, “O Allah, I pray to You to grant me goodness thereby and from its people 55 , Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, assigns someone to protect him and guard him until he returns to his home; and then says to him, “This day you were protected from the evil of that place and its people by the permission of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious. This day you were granted goodness thereby and from its people . 55 If one takes his place and says, “I testify that no one, other than Allah who is one only and has no partner, deserves worship and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. O Allah, I pray to You to grant me of your extra favor, in lawful manners and clean. I seek protection with You against my doing injustice or suffer injustice by others. I seek protection with You against losing transactions and false swearing . 55 When he says this the angel assigned with him says, “There is glad news for you about your market place. Today there is no one more fortunate than you in it. You were quick to perform good deeds and delete evil ones. What Allah has made your share will come to you a great deal, lawful, clean and with blessings in it . 55 5 55


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/142)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلْتَ سُوقَكَ فَقُلِ اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ خَيْرِهَا وَخَيْرِ أَهْلِهَا وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّهَا وَشَرِّ أَهْلِهَا اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ أَنْ أَظْلِمَ أَوْ أُظْلَمَ أَوْ أَبْغِيَ أَوْ يُبْغَى عَلَيَّ أَوْ أَعْتَدِيَ أَوْ يُعْتَدَى عَلَيَّ اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ إِبْلِيسَ وَجُنُودِهِ وَشَرِّ فَسَقَةِ الْعَرَبِ وَالْعَجَمِ وَحَسْبِيَ اللهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلا هُوَ عَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَهُوَ رَبُّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you enter your market-place you should say this, ‘O Allah, I pray to You to grant me of its (market-place) good things and its good people. I seek protection with You against its evil and the evil of its people. O Allah, I seek protection with You against my own injustice and injustice done to me, against my own transgression and the transgression committed against me, against my own excess and excess acts against me. O Allah, I seek protection with You against the evil of Satan and his armies, against the criminal ones of Arab and none-Arab people. Allah is sufficient for me. No one, except Allah, deserves worship. I entrust Him with my affairs and He is the Lord of the great Throne . 555


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/143)