53. The Excellence of Doing Business and Giving It Proper Attention

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ تَرْكُ التِّجَارَةِ يَنْقُصُ الْعَقْلَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman, who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Quitting business reduces one’s power of reason.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/129)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ التِّجَارَةُ تَزِيدُ فِي الْعَقْلِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Doing business increases one’s power of reason.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/129)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الزَّعْفَرَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ طَلَبَ التِّجَارَةَ اسْتَغْنَى عَنِ النَّاسِ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ كَانَ مُعِيلا قَالَ وَإِنْ كَانَ مُعِيلا إِنَّ تِسْعَةَ أَعْشَارِ الرِّزْقِ فِي التِّجَارَةِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Muhammad al- Za’faraniy from who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who seeks business becomes independent of people.’ I then asked, ‘Even if he has dependents?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, even if he has dependents; nine-tenth of sustenance is in business.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/129)



4- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَهْمِ عَنْ فُضَيْلٍ الأعْوَرِ قَالَ شَهِدْتُ مُعَاذَ بْنَ كَثِيرٍ وَقَالَ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي قَدْ أَيْسَرْتُ فَأَدَعُ التِّجَارَةَ فَقَالَ إِنَّكَ إِنْ فَعَلْتَ قَلَّ عَقْلُكَ أَوْ نَحْوَهُ.


4. Ahmad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu al-Jahm from Fudayl al-A’war who has said the following: “I was present when Mu‘adh ibn Kathir said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I have become affluent so I want to quit business.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If you do so your power of reason will decrease’- or similar expression.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/129)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تُعَالِجُ قُلْتُ مَا أُعَالِجُ الْيَوْمَ شَيْئاً فَقَالَ كَذَلِكَ تَذْهَبُ أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَاشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu ‘Isma’il from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once asked, ‘What do you do?’ I replied, ‘I am not doing anything today.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘This is how your wealth goes away and it becomes difficult for you.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/129)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي الْفَرَجِ الْقُمِّيِّ عَنْ مُعَاذٍ بَيَّاعِ الأكْسِيَةِ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا مُعَاذُ أَضَعُفْتَ عَنِ التِّجَارَةِ أَوْ زَهِدْتَ فِيهَا قُلْتُ مَا ضَعُفْتُ عَنْهَا وَمَا زَهِدْتُ فِيهَا قَالَ فَمَا لَكَ قُلْتُ كُنَّا نَنْتَظِرُ أَمْراً وَذَلِكَ حِينَ قُتِلَ الْوَلِيدُ وَعِنْدِي مَالٌ كَثِيرٌ وَهُوَ فِي يَدِي وَلَيْسَ لأحَدٍ عَلَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلا أَرَانِي آكُلُهُ حَتَّى أَمُوتَ فَقَالَ تَتْرُكُهَا فَإِنَّ تَرْكَهَا مَذْهَبَةٌ لِلْعَقْلِ اسْعَ عَلَى عِيَالِكَ وَإِيَّاكَ أَنْ يَكُونَ هُمُ السُّعَاةَ عَلَيْكَ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu al-Faraj al-Qummiy from Mu’adh, Bayya’ al-Akyisah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once asked me, ‘O Mu‘adh, have you become weak in doing business or have withdrawn thereof?’ I replied, ‘I have not become weak or withdrawn.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What then is the matter?’ I replied, ‘We were waiting for a certain issue because when Walid was killed, I had a great deal of goods which was in my possession; and I did not owe anything to anyone and did not think I can finish it before my death.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘So you have quitted business, but quitting business takes away one’s power of reason. Strive for the sake of your dependents and never give them a chance to complain against you.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/130)



7- مُحَمَّدٌ وَغَيْرُهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ أَحْمَرَ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لِمُصَادِفٍ اغْدُ إِلَى عِزِّكَ يَعْنِي السُّوقَ.


7. Muhammad and others have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn ‘Atiyyah from Hisham ibn Ahmar who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would say to Musadif, ‘Proceed toward your honor, meaning thereby place of business, the market place.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/130)



8- عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُنْدَارَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ شَرِيفِ بْنِ سَابِقٍ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ أَبِي قُرَّةَ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ فَقَالَ مَا حَبَسَهُ عَنِ الْحَجِّ فَقِيلَ تَرَكَ التِّجَارَةَ وَقَلَّ شَيْئُهُ قَالَ وَكَانَ مُتَّكِئاً فَاسْتَوَى جَالِساً ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُمْ لا تَدَعُوا التِّجَارَةَ فَتَهُونُوا اتَّجِرُوا بَارَكَ اللهُ لَكُمْ.


8. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Bandar from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah, from Sharif ibn Sabiq from al-Fudayl ibn abu Qurrah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once asked about a man, when I was present, ‘What is holding him back from performing Hajj?’ It was said, ’He has quit business and his wealth is reduced.’ He (the narrator) has said, that he (the Imam) was leaning and he moved to a straight sitting position, and said, to them, ‘You must not quit doing business to become humiliated. Do business, I pray to Allah to grant you blessings.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/130)



9- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ صَلَوَاتُ اللهِ عَلَيْهِ تَعَرَّضُوا لِلتِّجَارَةِ فَإِنَّ فِيهَا غِنًى لَكُمْ عَمَّا فِي أَيْدِي النَّاسِ.


9. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Yahya from his grandfather, al-Hassan ibn Rashid from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Engage yourselves in business; it helps you become independent of what is in the hands of people.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/130)



10- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ بَيَّاعِ الأكْسِيَةِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي قَدْ هَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَدَعَ السُّوقَ وَفِي يَدِي شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ إِذاً يَسْقُطَ رَأْيُكَ وَلا يُسْتَعَانَ بِكَ عَلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Hudhayfah ibn Mansur from Mu’adh ibn Kathir, Bayya’ al-Akyisah who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I am thinking to quit doing business in market place while there is a certain amount of wealth in my hands.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Then your opinion becomes of no value and no one will seek help from you.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/131)



11- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي قَدْ كَفَفْتُ عَنِ التِّجَارَةِ وَأَمْسَكْتُ عَنْهَا قَالَ وَلِمَ ذَلِكَ أَعَجْزٌ بِكَ كَذَلِكَ تَذْهَبُ أَمْوَالُكُمْ لا تَكُفُّوا عَنِ التِّجَارَةِ وَالْتَمِسُوا مِنْ فَضْلِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn’ Udhaynah from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I have quit doing business and have withdrawn thereof.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Why is that, are you helpless? This is how your wealth goes away. You must not quit doing business. You must continue to seek favors from Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/131)



12- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَكَانَ خَتَنَ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ بُرَيْدٌ لِمُحَمَّدٍ سَلْ لِي أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَصْنَعَهُ إِنَّ لِلنَّاسِ فِي يَدِي وَدَائِعَ وَأَمْوَالا وَأَنَا أَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهَا وَقَدْ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَتَخَلَّى مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَأَدْفَعَ إِلَى كُلِّ ذِي حَقٍّ حَقَّهُ قَالَ فَسَأَلَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ ذَلِكَ وَخَبَّرَهُ بِالْقِصَّةِ وَقَالَ مَا تَرَى لَهُ فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَيَبْدَأُ نَفْسَهُ بِالْحَرَبِ لا وَلَكِنْ يَأْخُذُ وَيُعْطِي عَلَى اللهِ جَلَّ اسْمُهُ.


12. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd Allah al-Hajjal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Burayd al-Tjliy wanted to get married. Burayd said, to Muhammad, ‘Ask abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, about what I am planning to do. I want to return people’s properties left with me for safe- keeping and it keeps me involved. Thereafter I like to stay away from the worldly things and return everyone’s things that belong to them. He (the narrator) has said, ‘Muhammad asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about it, informed him of the story and asked about his decision.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Does he want to start a fight against his own soul? He must not do so. Instead, he must give and take for the sake of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/131)



13- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو الْخَطَّابِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَفْسُدَ وَهُوَ يَحْمِلُ الْمَسَائِلَ لأصْحَابِنَا وَيَجِي‏ءُ بِجَوَابَاتِهَا رَوَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ اشْتَرُوا وَإِنْ كَانَ غَالِياً فَإِنَّ الرِّزْقَ يَنْزِلُ مَعَ الشِّرَاءِ.


13. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn ‘Atiyyah who has said the following: “Abu al-Khattab (meaning Muhammad ibn Miqlas al-Asadiy al-Kufiy) before destroying his belief would present the legal questions of the members of the community before the Imam and bring back the answers. He has narrated from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, the following: ‘You should purchase goods even if prices are high; sustenance comes by means of buying.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح على الظاهر 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/132)