145. Rent From Tenant and His Responsibilities

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1- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَسْتَأْجِرُ الرَّجُلَ بِأُجْرَةٍ مَعْلُومَةٍ فَيَبْعَثُهُ فِي ضَيْعَةٍ فَيُعْطِيهِ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ دَرَاهِمَ وَيَقُولُ اشْتَرِ بِهَذَا كَذَا وَكَذَا وَمَا رَبِحْتَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكَ فَقَالَ إِذَا أَذِنَ لَهُ الَّذِي اسْتَأْجَرَهُ فَلَيْسَ بِهِ بَأْسٌ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who hires a man for a certain amount of wages and sends him to work; but he gives dirhams to another man and asks him, ‘Buy such and such things; we will share the profit.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If the one who has hired gives permission, it is not unlawful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/384)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ سَالِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ اسْتَأْجَرَ رَجُلا بِنَفَقَةٍ وَدَرَاهِمَ مُسَمَّاةٍ عَلَى أَنْ يَبْعَثَهُ إِلَى أَرْضٍ فَلَمَّا أَنْ قَدِمَ أَقْبَلَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ يَدْعُوهُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ الشَّهْرَ وَالشَّهْرَيْنِ فَيُصِيبُ عِنْدَهُ مَا يُغْنِيهِ عَنْ نَفَقَةِ الْمُسْتَأْجِرِ فَنَظَرَ الأجِيرُ إِلَى مَا كَانَ يُنْفِقُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الشَّهْرِ إِذَا هُوَ لَمْ يَدْعُهُ فَكَافَأَهُ الَّذِي يَدْعُوهُ فَمِنْ مَالِ مَنْ تِلْكَ الْمُكَافَأَةُ أَمِنْ مَالِ الأجِيرِ أَوْ مِنْ مَالِ الْمُسْتَأْجِرِ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ فِي مَصْلَحَةِ الْمُسْتَأْجِرِ فَهُوَ مِنْ مَالِهِ وَإِلا فَهُوَ عَلَى الأجِيرِ وَعَنْ رَجُلٍ اسْتَأْجَرَ رَجُلا بِنَفَقَةٍ مُسَمَّاةٍ وَلَمْ يُفَسِّرْ شَيْئاً عَلَى أَنْ يَبْعَثَهُ إِلَى أَرْضٍ أُخْرَى فَمَا كَانَ مِنْ مَئُونَةِ الأجِيرِ مِنْ غَسْلِ الثِّيَابِ وَالْحَمَّامِ فَعَلَى مَنْ قَالَ عَلَى الْمُسْتَأْجِرِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-‘Abbas ibn Musa from Yunus from Sulayman ibn Salim who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who hires another man for a certain amount of wages and dirham to send him to a certain land. When he arrives in that land one of his friends invites him with who he stays for one or two months where he does not need to spend from the supplies of his employer. After calculating he finds out that the amount his employer had provided is not enough and that his expenses have been taken care of by the resources of his friend; if the shortages in his expenses is the responsibility of the employee or the employer. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is on the employer if it serves his interests, but if it does not serve his interest then it is on the employee.’ I then asked about the case of a man who hired another man for a certain amount of wages and did not explain anything about his sending him (the employee) to another land, and then whose responsibility was his expenses such as washing clothes and bathing? He (the Imam) said, ‘It is the responsibility of the employer.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/385)



3- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الرَّجُلُ يَأْتِي الرَّجُلَ فَيَقُولُ اكْتُبْ لِي بِدَرَاهِمَ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ آخُذُ مِنْكَ وَأَكْتُبُ لَكَ [بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ] قَالَ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ اسْتَأْجَرَ مَمْلُوكاً فَقَالَ الْمَمْلُوكُ أَرْضِ مَوْلايَ بِمَا شِئْتَ وَلِي عَلَيْكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا دَرَاهِمَ مُسَمَّاةً فَهَلْ يَلْزَمُ الْمُسْتَأْجِرَ وَهَلْ يَحِلُّ لِلْمَمْلُوكِ قَالَ لا يَلْزَمُ الْمُسْتَأْجِرَ وَلا يَحِلُّ لِلْمُلُوكِ.


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn ‘Isma’il ibn ‘Ammar from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who comes to another man and says, ‘Write for me for a few dirham.’ He says, ‘I take from you and write (in your presence).’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful.’ I then asked about a man who hires a slave who says, ‘Make my master agree for whatever amount you like but so and so much dirham will be for me’, if this becomes binding upon the employer and if it is lawful for the slave. He (the Imam) said, ‘It does not become binding upon the employer and it is not lawful for the slave.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح على الظاه ر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/386)