136. Selling Water for Agriculture and Preserving Extra Water of Valleys and Floods

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1- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ الشِّرْبُ مَعَ قَوْمٍ فِي قَنَاةٍ فِيهَا شُرَكَاءُ فَيَسْتَغْنِي بَعْضُهُمْ عَنْ شِرْبِهِ أَيَبِيعُ شِرْبَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شَاءَ بَاعَهُ بِوَرِقٍ وَإِنْ شَاءَ بَاعَهُ بِكَيْلِ حِنْطَةٍ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Sa‘id al-A‘raj who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has a share of water with a people in a canal as partners and certain ones among them stand free of need of their share of water; if he can sell his share. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so, he can sell it in exchange for xvariq (dirham) or if he likes, he can sell for a measure of wheat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/365)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَنِ النِّطَافِ وَالأرْبِعَاءِ قَالَ وَالأرْبِعَاءُ أَنْ يُسَنَّى مُسَنَّاةٌ فَيُحْمَلَ الْمَاءَ فَيُسْتَقَى بِهِ الأرْضَ ثُمَّ يُسْتَغْنَى عَنْهُ فَقَالَ لا تَبِعْهُ وَلَكِنْ أَعِرْهُ جَارَكَ وَالنِّطَافُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُ الشِّرْبُ فَيَسْتَغْنِيَ عَنْهُ فَيَقُولُ لا تَبِعْهُ وَلَكِنْ أَعِرْهُ أَخَاكَ أَوْ جَارَكَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from and Humayd ibn Ziyad from al- Hassan ibn Sama‘ah from Ja’far ibn Sama‘ah all from Aban who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited al-Nitaf and al-Arbi‘a’. He said, ‘Al-Arbi‘a’ is constructing, something as a dam, to hold water to water the land, then he stands free of need for such water.’ He said, ‘You must not sell it but allow your neighbor to use it.’ Al-Nitaf is a share that one has in a body of water, then he stands free of need for such a share. And he (the Messenger of Allah) would say, ‘You must not sell it but allow your neighbor to use it or your brother.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/366)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ أَيْمَنَ عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي سَيْلِ وَادِي مَهْزُورٍ أَنْ يُحْبَسَ الأعْلَى عَلَى الأسْفَلِ لِلنَّخْلِ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ وَلِلزَّرْعِ إِلَى الشِّرَاكَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُرْسَلَ الْمَاءُ إِلَى أَسْفَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ لِلزَّرْعِ إِلَى الشِّرَاكِ وَلِلنَّخْلِ إِلَى الْكَعْبِ ثُمَّ يُرْسَلَ الْمَاءُ إِلَى أَسْفَلَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ. قَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمَهْزُورٌ مَوْضِعُ وَادٍ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from my from Hakam ibn Ayman from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The Messenger of Allah once issued a judgment about the flood of the valley of Mahzur (name of a place). The amount of water that those of higher areas can hold is up to the anklebones for palm trees and up to one’s shoelaces for plantation. Thereafter water must be allowed for those below that; for plantation up to the shoelace and for the palm trees up to the anklebone, then allow water for those yet lower.’ Ibn abu ‘Umayr has made a statement that Mahrzur is the name of an area in the valley.”




4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي سَيْلِ وَادِي مَهْزُورٍ أَنْ يُحْبَسَ الأعْلَى عَلَى الأسْفَلِ لِلنَّخْلِ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ وَلِلزَّرْعِ إِلَى الشِّرَاكَيْنِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, issued a judgment about the flood water of valley of Mahzur by which those of higher area could hold water for palm trees up to the anklebones and for plantation up to shoelaces.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/367)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ شَجَرَةَ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ غِيَاثٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي سَيْلِ وَادِي مَهْزُورٍ لِلنَّخْلِ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ وَلأهْلِ الزَّرْعِ إِلَى الشِّرَاكَيْنِ‏.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from Ali ibn Shajarah Hafs ibn Ghiyath who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, issued a judgment about the flood water of valley of Mahzur for palm trees up to the anklebones and for plantation up to shoelaces.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/368)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ هِلالٍ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي شُرْبِ النَّخْلِ بِالسَّيْلِ أَنَّ الأعْلَى يَشْرَبُ قَبْلَ الأسْفَلِ وَيُتْرَكُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُسَرَّحُ الْمَاءُ إِلَى الأسْفَلِ الَّذِي يَلِيهِ كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ الْحَوَائِطُ وَيَفْنَى الْمَاءُ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hilal from ‘Uqbah ibn Khalid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, issued a judgment about water for palm trees from flood water that said, ’Those of the higher area drink before the lower ones, and water is left up to the anklebones; then water is allowed for the lower ones which is next until all gardens’ needs are met and water is depleted.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/368)