123. Mutual Settlement

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلَيْنِ اشْتَرَكَا فِي مَالٍ فَرَبِحَا فِيهِ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْمَالِ دَيْنٌ وَعَلَيْهِمَا دَيْنٌ فَقَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا لِصَاحِبِهِ أَعْطِنِي رَأْسَ الْمَالِ وَلَكَ الرِّبْحُ وَعَلَيْكَ التَّوَى فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ إِذَا اشْتَرَطَا فَإِذَا كَانَ شَرْطٌ يُخَالِفُ كِتَابَ اللهِ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ إِلَى كِتَابِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ’Umayr from Hammad from af-Halabiy from abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, who has said the following: "This is about the two men who had a business partnership with a certain amount of asset in which they made a certain amount of profit, there, however, was a loan against that asset which both had to pay. One of them asked the other to give him the capital in exchange for the profit and payment of loan. The Imam said, ‘There is no offense in such deal provided they had established such condition, however, if the condition is against the book of Allah it then is a rejection of the book of Allah.’"


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/328)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي رَجُلَيْنِ كَانَ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا طَعَامٌ عِنْدَ صَاحِبِهِ وَلا يَدْرِي كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا كَمْ لَهُ عِنْدَ صَاحِبِهِ فَقَالَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا لِصَاحِبِهِ لَكَ مَا عِنْدَكَ وَلِي مَا عِنْدِي قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ إِذَا تَرَاضَيَا وَطَابَتْ أَنْفُسُهُمَا.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “About two men who each had a certain amount of grain in the possession of the other but no one of them knew how much was the amount, and each one of them had said to the other one, ‘You can have whatever amount of grain is with you and I will have the amount which is with me,’ one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘There is no offense in such settlement upon which both have mutually agreed/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/328)



3- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ دَيْنٌ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحِلَّ الأجَلُ عَجِّلْ لِيَ النِّصْفَ مِنْ حَقِّي عَلَى أَنْ أَضَعَ عَنْكَ النِّصْفَ أَيَحِلُّ ذَلِكَ لِوَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا قَالَ نَعَمْ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “I once asked the Imam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man to whom another man owed a certain amount of loan who before the due date asked the borrower to pay him half of the loan so he then might cancel the other half in favor of the borrower. He (the Imam) said, ‘Such settlement is lawful.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/329)



4- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ دَيْنٌ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى فَيَأْتِيهِ غَرِيمُهُ فَيَقُولُ انْقُدْنِي كَذَا وَكَذَا وَأَضَعُ عَنْكَ بَقِيَّتَهُ أَوْ يَقُولُ انْقُدْنِي بَعْضَهُ وَأَمُدُّ لَكَ فِي الأجَلِ فِيمَا بَقِيَ عَلَيْكَ قَالَ لا أَرَى بِهِ بَأْساً إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَزْدَدْ عَلَى رَأْسِ مَالِهِ قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَلَكُمْ رُؤُسُ أَمْوالِكُمْ لا تَظْلِمُونَ وَلا تُظْلَمُونَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked the Imam about one who before due date of payment, asked a man who owed him a certain amount, to pay him a certain amount and he might write off the rest or extend the due date for payment in his favor. He (the Imam) said, ‘I do not see any offense in such deal as long as he does not increase his capital. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, “Your capital belongs to you. (In a deal where you) receive your capital you are not doing any injustice nor is any injustice done to you.” (2:279)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/329)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الصُّلْحُ جَائِزٌ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs al-Bakhtariy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Settlement by means of mutual agreement is permissible for people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/330)



6- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَهُودِيٌّ أَوْ نَصْرَانِيٌّ كَانَتْ لَهُ عِنْدِي أَرْبَعَةُ آلافِ دِرْهَمٍ فَهَلَكَ أَيَجُوزُ لِي أَنْ أُصَالِحَ وَرَثَتَهُ وَلا أُعْلِمَهُمْ كَمْ كَانَ فَقَالَ لا حَتَّى تُخْبِرَهُمْ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. ‘There are four thousand dirhams of a Jew or a Christian and he has died. Is it permissible to reach a settlement about it with his heirs without informing them of the amount?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, until you inform them of the amount.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/330)



7- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ ضَمَّنَ عَلَى رَجُلٍ ضَمَاناً ثُمَّ صَالَحَ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ لَيْسَ لَهُ إِلا الَّذِي صَالَحَ عَلَيْهِ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ’Isa, from Muhammad ibn ’Isa from ibn Bukayr from ’Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: "I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has bailed out another man and has reached a settlement with him.’ He (the Imam) said, ’He can only have the actual amount the man owes to him.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/330)



8- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُذَافِرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ لِرَجُلٍ عَلَى رَجُلٍ دَيْنٌ فَمَطَلَهُ حَتَّى مَاتَ ثُمَّ صَالَحَ وَرَثَتَهُ عَلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ فَالَّذِي أَخَذَتْهُ الْوَرَثَةُ لَهُمْ وَمَا بَقِيَ فَلِلْمَيِّتِ حَتَّى يَسْتَوْفِيَهُ مِنْهُ فِي الآخِرَةِ وَإِنْ هُوَ لَمْ يُصَالِحْهُمْ عَلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ حَتَّى مَاتَ وَلَمْ يَقْضِ عَنْهُ فَهُوَ كُلُّهُ لِلْمَيِّتِ يَأْخُذُهُ بِهِ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ’Isma’il from Muhammad ibn ’Adhafir from ’Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’If one owes a certain amount of debts to another person and he delays payment until the creditor dies and then he reaches a settlement with such person’s heirs whatever they receive belongs to them and the remaining belongs to the deceased who will acquire from him in the next life; but if he does not reach any settlement with the heirs of the deceased all of the loan belongs to the deceased for which the borrower will be held responsible.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/330)