99. Disciplines to Maintain in the State of al-’Ihram

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا حَكَكْتَ رَأْسَكَ فَحُكَّهُ حَكّاً رَفِيقاً وَلا تَحُكَّنَّ بِالأَظْفَارِ وَلَكِنْ بِأَطْرَافِ الأَصَابِعِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you want to scratch your head while you are in the state of Ihram, then scratch very gently. You must not scratch with your finger nails, but scratch with the tip of your fingers.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/330)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا اغْتَسَلَ الْمُحْرِمُ مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ يَصُبُّ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ وَيُمَيِّزُ الشَّعْرَ بِأَنَامِلِهِ بَعْضَهُ مِنْ بَعْضٍ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one who is in the state of Ihram takes Ghusl (bath) due to sexual relation (because of which Ghusl (bath) is obligatory), he can pour water over his head and separate the hairs from each other with his fingers.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/330)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يَدْخُلَ الْمُحْرِمُ الْحَمَّامَ وَلَكِنْ لا يَتَدَلَّكُ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful for one in the state of Ihram to use bath houses but he must not scrub and massage his body.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/330)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَيْسَ لِلْمُحْرِمِ أَنْ يُلَبِّيَ مَنْ دَعَاهُ حَتَّى يَقْضِيَ إِحْرَامَهُ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ يَقُولُ قَالَ يَقُولُ يَا سَعْدُ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Hammad ibn ‘Isa who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who is in the state of Ihram must not answer anyone with the world ‘Labbayka’ until Ihram is complete.’ I then asked, ‘How he must say it.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He can say, ‘O Sa‘d.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/330)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَتَخَلَّلُ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya and Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from ’Amr ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who uses a toothpick while he is in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/331)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْمُحْرِمُ يَسْتَاكُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ أَدْمَى يَسْتَاكُ قَالَ نَعَمْ هُوَ مِنَ السُّنَّةِ وَرُوِيَ أَيْضاً لا يَسْتَدْمِي.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram; if he can brush his teeth. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is of the Sunnah.’ It is also narrated that one must not make his teeth bleed.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/331)



7ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) هَلْ يَحُكُّ الْمُحْرِمُ رَأْسَهُ وَيَغْتَسِلُ بِالْمَاءِ قَالَ يَحُكُّ رَأْسَهُ مَا لَمْ يَتَعَمَّدْ قَتْلَ دَابَّةٍ وَلا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يَغْتَسِلَ بِالْمَاءِ وَيَصُبَّ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ مَا لَمْ يَكُنْ مُلَبِّداً فَإِنْ كَانَ مُلَبِّداً فَلا يُفِيضُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ الْمَاءَ إِلاَّ مِنَ الاحْتِلامِ.


7. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram; if he can scratch his head and wash it with water. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can scratch his head as long as he is certain of not killing a moving thing but it is not harmful to wash with water unless one’s head is treated with talbid (a medicine against lice), in which case one must not pour water over his head except because of wet-dream.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/331)



8ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يُكْرَهُ الاحْتِبَاءُ لِلْمُحْرِمِ وَيُكْرَهُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ.


8. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is undesirable for one in the state of Ihram to sit in Masjid al-Haram facing al-Ka‘bah in al-‘Ihtiba’ position (with one’s knees raised and legs against thighs with hips on the ground).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/331)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي حَلاَّلٍ الرَّازِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلَيْنِ اقْتَتَلا وَهُمَا مُحْرِمَانِ قَالَ سُبْحَانَ الله بِئْسَ مَا صَنَعَا قُلْتُ قَدْ فَعَلا فَمَا الَّذِي يَلْزَمُهُمَا قَالَ عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا دَمٌ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy from abu Halal al-Raziy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of two men who fought each other while in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah is free of all defects, how bad is what they have done!’ I said, ‘They have done it but what must they do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘They must each offer one animal as offering.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/332)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَمْرَكِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يُصَارِعُ هَلْ يَصْلُحُ لَهُ قَالَ لا يَصْلُحُ لَهُ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُصِيبَهُ جِرَاحٌ أَوْ يَقَعَ بَعْضُ شَعْرِهِ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-‘Amrakiy from Ali ibn Ja’far who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram; if he can fight a contest. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, because he may sustain injuries or his hair may fall.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/332)



11ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ سَأَلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يُعَالِجُ دَبَرَ الْجَمَلِ قَالَ فَقَالَ يُلْقِي عَنْهُ الدَّوَابَّ وَلا يُدْمِيهِ.


11. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Kufiy, from al-‘ Ab has ibn ‘Amir, from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sa‘d who has said the following: “‘Abd al-Rahman once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man’s treating the backside of a camel while in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can throw away bugs but must not make it bleed.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/332)



12ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَكُونُ بِهِ الْجَرَبُ فَيُؤْذِيهِ قَالَ يَحُكُّهُ فَإِنْ سَالَ مِنْهُ الدَّمُ فَلا بَأْسَ.


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and has itches that irritate him. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can scratch it and if it bleeds it is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/332)