97. Things, Which Can Be Killed, and the Obligatory Expiation for It

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُلُّ مَا خَافَ الْمُحْرِمُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ مِنَ السِّبَاعِ وَالْحَيَّاتِ وَغَيْرِهَا فَلْيَقْتُلْهُ فَإِنْ لَمْ يُرِدْكَ فَلا تُرِدْهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one in the state of Ihram is afraid of beasts or snakes and so on, one can kill them, however, if they do not attack, one must not attack them.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل معتب ر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/325)



2ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا أَحْرَمْتَ فَاتَّقِ قَتْلَ الدَّوَابِّ كُلِّهَا إِلاَّ الأَفْعَى وَالْعَقْرَبَ وَالْفَأْرَةَ فَإِنَّهَا تُوهِي السِّقَاءَ وَتُحْرِقُ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ وَأَمَّا الْعَقْرَبُ فَإِنَّ نَبِيَّ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَدَّ يَدَهُ إِلَى الْحَجَرِ فَلَسَعَتْهُ عَقْرَبٌ فَقَالَ لَعَنَكِ الله لا بَرّاً تَدَعِينَ وَلا فَاجِراً وَالْحَيَّةُ إِذَا أَرَادَتْكَ فَاقْتُلْهَا فَإِنْ لَمْ تُرِدْكَ فَلا تُرِدْهَا وَالْكَلْبُ الْعَقُورُ وَالسَّبُعُ إِذَا أَرَادَاكَ فَاقْتُلْهُمَا فَإِنْ لَمْ يُرِيدَاكَ فَلا تُرِدْهُمَا وَالأَسْوَدُ الْغَدِرُ فَاقْتُلْهُ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ وَارْمِ الْغُرَابَ رَمْياً وَالْحِدَأَةَ عَلَى ظَهْرِ بَعِيرِكَ.


2. Ali has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Safwan from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you assume the state of Ihram, then he should stay away from killing all moving thins except a serpent, scorpions and rats because it weakens water containers and scorches a family. About a scorpion it is notable that the Holy prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, once extended his hand into a hole for something and a scorpion bit him; and he (the Messenger of Allah) said, ‘May Allah condemn you. You do not distinguish between sinful and sinless ones.’ If a snake attacks you, you can kill it, but if it does not attack, do not attack it. If a biting dog or a beast attacks you [kill them] but if they do not attack you, do not attack them. If it is the treacherous black snake, kill it in all conditions. If it is a crow or al-Hida’at (another kind of crow), shoot them (if they are) on the back of your camel.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/325)



3ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يُقْتَلُ فِي الْحَرَمِ وَالإِحْرَامِ الأَفْعَى وَالأَسْوَدُ الْغَدِرُ وَكُلُّ حَيَّةِ سَوْءٍ وَالْعَقْرَبُ وَالْفَأْرَةُ وَهِيَ الْفُوَيْسِقَةُ وَيُرْجَمُ الْغُرَابُ وَالْحِدَأَةُ رَجْماً فَإِنْ عَرَضَ لَكَ لُصُوصٌ امْتَنَعْتَ مِنْهُمْ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In al-Haram (the sacred area) and in the state of Ihram it is permissible to kill serpents, treacherous black snakes, all black snakes, scorpions, rats (what is al- Fuwaysaqah); and crows and al-Hida’at (another kind of crow) are pelted, and if thieves attack they are stopped.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/326)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يَقْتُلُ الْمُحْرِمُ الزُّنْبُورَ وَالنَّسْرَ وَالأَسْوَدَ الْغَدِرَ وَالذِّئْبَ وَمَا خَافَ أَنْ يَعْدُوَ عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَ الْكَلْبُ الْعَقُورُ هُوَ الذِّئْبُ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim for his father who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In the state of Ihram it is lawful for one to kill wasps (hornets), vultures, treacherous black snakes, wolves and whatever is feared for their harming one.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The biting dog is a wolf.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/326)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ مُحْرِمٍ قَتَلَ زُنْبُوراً قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ خَطَأً فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قُلْتُ لا بَلْ مُتَعَمِّداً قَالَ يُطْعِمُ شَيْئاً مِنْ طَعَامٍ قُلْتُ إِنَّهُ أَرَادَنِي قَالَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَرَادَكَ فَاقْتُلْهُ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who kills a wasp. He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is by mistake then there is nothing on him.’ I said, ‘No, it is done knowingly.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Feed a certain amount of food.’ I then asked, ‘Is it so even if it attacks me?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Anything that attacks, it is permissible for you to kill it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/327)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُثَنَّى بْنِ عَبْدِ السَّلامِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَقْتُلُ الْبَقَّةَ وَالْبُرْغُوثَ إِذَا أَرَادَاهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Muthanna’ ibn ‘Abd al-Salam from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, ‘Can one in the state of Ihram kill a bug or flea if it attacks him?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/327)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْيَرْبُوعُ وَالْقُنْفُذُ وَالضَّبُّ إِذَا أَمَاتَهُ الْمُحْرِمُ فِيهِ جَدْيٌ وَالْجَدْيُ خَيْرٌ مِنْهُ وَإِنَّمَا قُلْتُ هَذَا كَيْ يَنْكُلَ عَنْ صَيْدِ غَيْرِهَا.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Ali ibn Ri’ab from Misma’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one in the state of Ihram kills a Jerboa, hedgehog or a lizard, one must offer a goat, although a goat is much better than any of these but I say it, because such penalty stops one from hunting others.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/327)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الْقُرَادَ لَيْسَ مِنَ الْبَعِيرِ وَالْحَلَمَةُ مِنَ الْبَعِيرِ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الْقَمْلَةِ مِنْ جَسَدِكَ فَلا تُلْقِهَا وَأَلْقِ الْقُرَادَ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Ticks are not from the camel. Al-Halamah is from the camel like lice are from your body, so do not throw them away; but throw away ticks.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/328)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يُقَرِّدُ الْبَعِيرَ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَلا يَنْزِعِ الْحَلَمَةَ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram removes ticks from the camel. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible but he must not remove al-Halamah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/328)



10ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْعَرْزَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يَقْتُلُ الْمُحْرِمُ كُلَّ مَا خَشِيَهُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ.


10. Ahmad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd al-Rahman al-‘Arzamiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One in the state of Ihram can kill anything whereby one fears for his life.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/328)



11ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِقَتْلِ الْبُرْغُوثِ وَالْقَمْلَةِ وَالْبَقَّةِ فِي الْحَرَمِ.


11. Ahmad has narrated from ibn Faddal from certain persons of our people from Zurarah who have said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful to kill a flea, louse or a bedbug in al- Haram (the sacred area).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/328)



12ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ الْقَلانِسِيِّ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) حَكَكْتُ رَأْسِي وَأَنَا مُحْرِمٌ فَوَقَعَتْ قَمْلَةٌ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ قُلْتُ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَجْعَلُ عَلَيَّ فِيهَا قَالَ وَمَا أَجْعَلُ عَلَيْكَ فِي قَمْلَةٍ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ فِيهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ.


12. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from Ahmad al-Qalanisiy from Ahmad ibn al-Walid from Aban from abu al-Jarud who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of scratching my head in the state of Ihram when a louse fell off. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’ I then asked, ‘What you want me to pay for it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘I place nothing on you to pay for a louse. There is not anything for it upon you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/329)