96. The Case of One’s Throwing Insects Away from His Body when in the state of Ihram

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْجَارُودِ قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَتَلَ قَمْلَةً وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ قَالَ بِئْسَ مَا صَنَعَ قَالَ فَمَا فِدَاؤُهَا قَالَ لا فِدَاءَ لَهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa’id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Aban from abu al-Jarud who has said the following: “A man once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram kills a louse. He (the Imam) said, ‘What he has done is awful.’ He then asked, ‘How much is the ransom for it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing for it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/323)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا تَقُولُ فِي مُحْرِمٍ قَتَلَ قَمْلَةً قَالَ لا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْقَمْلِ وَلا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَتَعَمَّدَ قَتْلَهَا.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘ Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram kills a louse. He (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing on him for it, but it is not proper to do so knowingly.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/324)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَائِذٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لا يَرْمِي الْمُحْرِمُ الْقَمْلَةَ مِنْ ثَوْبِهِ وَلا مِنْ جَسَدِهِ مُتَعَمِّداً فَإِنْ فَعَلَ شَيْئاً مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَلْيُطْعِمْ مَكَانَهَا طَعَاماً قُلْتُ كَمْ قَالَ كَفّاً وَاحِداً.


3. Al-Husayn ibn m h has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Ahmad al-‘A’idh from al- Husayn ibn al-‘Ala’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One in the state of Ihram must not knowingly throw away from one’s body or cloth a louse, if one does so one must feed food.’ I asked, ‘How much food is it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘One handful (one meal).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/324)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَ رَأَيْتَ إِنْ وَجَدْتُ عَلَيَّ قُرَاداً أَوْ حَلَمَةً أَطْرَحُهُمَا قَالَ نَعَمْ وَصَغَارٌ لَهُمَا إِنَّهُمَا رَقِيَا فِي غَيْرِ مَرْقَاهُمَا.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Najran from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram finds ticks and bigger ticks; can he throw it away? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so. It is very mean of them to climb where they are not to climb.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/324)