92. Use of Perfumes in the State of al-’Ihram

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا تَمَسَّ شَيْئاً مِنَ الطِّيبِ وَلا مِنَ الدُّهْنِ فِي إِحْرَامِكَ وَاتَّقِ الطِّيبَ فِي طَعَامِكَ وَأَمْسِكْ عَلَى أَنْفِكَ مِنَ الرَّائِحَةِ الطَّيِّبَةِ وَلا تُمْسِكْ عَنْهُ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الْمُنْتِنَةِ فَإِنَّهُ لا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُحْرِمِ أَنْ يَتَلَذَّذَ بِرِيحٍ طَيِّبَةٍ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from al-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not touch any perfume or oil in the state of Ihram. Avoid perfumes in your food, hold your nose from sweet smelling things but you must not hold your nose against bad smells; it is not proper for one in the state of Ihram to enjoy sweet smelling perfumes.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/307)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا يَمَسَّ الْمُحْرِمُ شَيْئاً مِنَ الطِّيبِ وَلا الرَّيْحَانِ وَلا يَتَلَذَّذْ بِهِ وَلا بِرِيحٍ طَيِّبَةٍ فَمَنِ ابْتُلِيَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَلْيَتَصَدَّقْ بِقَدْرِ مَا صَنَعَ قَدْرَ سَعَتِهِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from those who informed him who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In the state of Ihram one must not touch any items of perfumes or sweet smells and must not enjoy such things; if one involves himself in such things, one must pay charity as much as one can.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/308)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ أَكَلَ زَعْفَرَاناً مُتَعَمِّداً أَوْ طَعَاماً فِيهِ طِيبٌ فَعَلَيْهِ دَمٌ فَإِنْ كَانَ نَاسِياً فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one in the state of Ihram eats saffron knowingly or food in which there is perfume, he must slaughter one animal as offering. If it is due to forgetfulness then there is nothing on him and he must only ask Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, to forgive him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/309)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُحْرِمُ يُمْسِكُ عَلَى أَنْفِهِ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الطَّيِّبَةِ وَلا يُمْسِكُ عَلَى أَنْفِهِ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الْمُنْتِنَةِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One in the state of Ihram must hold his nose from sweet smelling things, but not from bad smelling ones.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/310)



5ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ مِثْلَهُ وَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِالرِّيحِ الطَّيِّبَةِ فِيمَا بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ مِنْ رِيحِ الْعَطَّارِينَ وَلا يُمْسِكْ عَلَى أَنْفِهِ.


5. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il who has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan, from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al- Hakam a similar Hadith and has said that the smells of perfumes from perfume sellers between al- Safa’ and al-Marwah is not harmful and one is not required to hold his nose.’” H 7243, Ch. 92, h 6


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/310)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كُشِفَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ طِيبٌ لِيَنْظُرَ إِلَيْهِ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ فَأَمْسَكَ عَلَى أَنْفِهِ بِثَوْبِهِ مِنْ رِيحِهِ.


6. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from al- Hassan ibn Ziyad who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about perfumes, if using saltwort, which has a certain perfume and I wash my hands therewith while I am in the state of Ihram, is permissible. He (the Imam) said, ‘When you are about to assume the state of Ihram, look into your luggage and keep aside what you need.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You must give charity of something as expiation for your use of saltwort to wash your hands.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/310)



7ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ الأُشْنَانُ فِيهِ الطِّيبُ أَغْسِلُ بِهِ يَدَيَّ وَأَنَا مُحْرِمٌ قَالَ إِذَا أَرَدْتُمُ الإِحْرَامَ فَانْظُرُوا مَزَاوِدَكُمْ فَاعْزِلُوا الَّذِي لا تَحْتَاجُونَ إِلَيْهِ وَقَالَ تَصَدَّقْ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ كَفَّارَةً لِلأُشْنَانِ الَّذِي غَسَلْتَ بِهِ يَدَكَ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and his cloth comes in contact with perfume. He (the Imam) said, ’It is not harmful. He can wash it clean with his own hands.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/310)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الْمُحْرِمِ يُصِيبُ ثَوْبَهُ الطِّيبُ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يَغْسِلَهُ بِيَدِ نَفْسِهِ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd al-Karim from al-Hassan ibn Harun who has said the following: “I once said to abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that while in the state of Ihram, I ate Khabis (a certain sweet mix) until I was full. He (the Imam) said, ‘When you complete all of your acts and are about to leave, buy one dirham of dates and give it as charity. It will be expiation for whatever may have happened in your Ihram which you do not know.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/310)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ هَارُونَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي أَكَلْتُ خَبِيصاً حَتَّى شَبِعْتُ وَأَنَا مُحْرِمٌ فَقَالَ إِذَا فَرَغْتَ مِنْ مَنَاسِكِكَ وَأَرَدْتَ الْخُرُوجَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَابْتَعْ بِدِرْهَمٍ تَمْراً فَتَصَدَّقْ بِهِ فَيَكُونَ كَفَّارَةً لِذَلِكَ وَلِمَا دَخَلَ فِي إِحْرَامِكَ مِمَّا لا تَعْلَمُ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Isma‘il ibn Hanan ibn Sadir from his father who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and uses a salt which is mixed with saffron. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not proper for one while in the state of Ihram to use a thing which has saffron or any other kind of perfumes.’”




10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا تَقُولُ فِي الْمِلْحِ فِيهِ زَعْفَرَانٌ لِلْمُحْرِمِ قَالَ لا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُحْرِمِ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ شَيْئاً فِيهِ زَعْفَرَانٌ وَلا شَيْئاً مِنَ الطِّيبِ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Yahya ibn ‘Imran al-Halabiy from Mu‘alla’ abu ‘Uthman from Mu‘alla’ ibn Khunays who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, considered one’s sleeping on a yellow bed or yellow Mirfaqah (comforter), in the state of Ihram detestable.” (It perhaps is because of saffron dye)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/311)



11ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عِمْرَانَ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنِ الْمُعَلَّى أَبِي عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُرِهَ أَنْ يَنَامَ الْمُحْرِمُ عَلَى فِرَاشٍ أَصْفَرَ أَوْ عَلَى مِرْفَقَةٍ صَفْرَاءَ.


11. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not touch any fragrance while you are in the state of Ihram, or anything in which there is saffron, and do not taste any food with saffron in it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/311)



12ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا تَمَسَّ رَيْحَاناً وَأَنْتَ مُحْرِمٌ وَلا شَيْئاً فِيهِ زَعْفَرَانٌ وَلا تَطْعَمْ طَعَاماً فِيهِ زَعْفَرَانٌ.


12. Safwan has narrated from abu al-Mighra’ who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram washes his hand with saltwort. He (the Imam) said, ‘My father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would wash his hands with white al-Hurud (saltwort).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/311)



13ـ صَفْوَانُ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَغْسِلُ يَدَهُ بِالأُشْنَانِ قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي يَغْسِلُ يَدَهُ بِالْحُرُضِ الأَبْيَضِ.


13. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful, in the state of Ihram to smell, ‘Idhkhir (a green plant with a certain fragrance), lavender cotton, tulip, wormwood and similar things.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/312)



14ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تَشَمَّ الإِذْخِرَ وَالْقَيْصُومَ وَالْخُزَامَى وَالشِّيحَ وَأَشْبَاهَهُ وَأَنْتَ مُحْرِمٌ.


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hilal from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram, while sleeping, comes in contact with perfumes, and he does not know about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must wash it and there is nothing on him.’ I asked him (the Imam) about the case of one not in the state of Ihram applying perfume to one who is in the state of Ihram who does not know what is on him. He (the Imam) said, ‘He also must wash it clean and there is nothing on him but he must remain careful.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/312)



15ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ هِلالٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَمَسُّ الطِّيبَ وَهُوَ نَائِمٌ لا يَعْلَمُ قَالَ يَغْسِلُهُ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَعَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَدْهُنُهُ الْحَلالُ بِالدُّهْنِ الطَّيِّبِ وَالْمُحْرِمُ لا يَعْلَمُ مَا عَلَيْهِ قَالَ يَغْسِلُهُ أَيْضاً وَلْيَحْذَرْ.


15. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Abbas ibn Ma‘ruf from Ali ibn Mahziyar who has said the following: “I once asked ibn abu ‘Umayr about apple, citron and lotus and things with sweet fragrance. He said, ‘Hold back from smelling while you eat them.’” (It seems like it is ibn abu ‘Umayr’s Fatwa)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/312)



16ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ ابْنَ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ التُّفَّاحِ وَالأُتْرُجِّ وَالنَّبِقِ وَمَا طَابَ رِيحُهُ قَالَ تُمْسِكُ عَنْ شَمِّهِ وَتَأْكُلُهُ.


16. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from Musaddiq ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and eats citron. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can eat.’ I then said, ‘It has nice fragrance.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Citron is food and it is not a fragrance.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح موقو ف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/312)



17ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَأْكُلُ الأُتْرُجَّ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ لَهُ رَائِحَةٌ طَيِّبَةٌ قَالَ الأُتْرُجُّ طَعَامٌ لَيْسَ هُوَ مِنَ الطِّيبِ.


17. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about henna (privet). He (the Imam) said, ‘A person in the state of Ihram can touch and treat his camel with it. It is not a perfume and it is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/313)



18ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْحِنَّاءِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الْمُحْرِمَ لَيَمَسُّهُ وَيُدَاوِي بِهِ بَعِيرَهُ وَمَا هُوَ بِطِيبٍ وَمَا بِهِ بَأْسٌ.


18. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Kufiy from al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Amir from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of my clothes which are fumigated along with my clothes for Ihram and I find the smell in it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Spread it in the air so winds can dispel the smell.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/313)