40. The Case of One Who Borrows to Perform al-Hajj

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ يَحُجُّ بِدَيْنٍ وَقَدْ حَجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ الله سَيَقْضِي عَنْهُ إِنْ شَاءَ الله.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from abu Talib from Ya’qub ibn Shu’ayb who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs al-Hajj with money that he has borrowed and has already performed Hajjata al-Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so; Allah will pay it off for him if Allah so wills.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/168)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأَوَّلِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ هَلْ يَسْتَقْرِضُ الرَّجُلُ وَيَحُجُّ إِذَا كَانَ خَلْفَ ظَهْرِهِ مَا يُؤَدَّى عَنْهُ إِذَا حَدَثَ بِهِ حَدَثٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


2. Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ali from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from Musa ibn Bakr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about one’s borrowing for expenses of al-Hajj, if behind him there is an asset that can pay off the loan, in case something happens to him. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/168)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنٌ يَسْتَقْرِضُ وَيَحُجُّ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَجْهٌ فِي مَالٍ فَلا بَأْسَ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Utbah who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who owes a loan already; if he can borrow for al-Hajj expenses. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful if he has an asset that can pay off the loan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/168)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي هَمَّامٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِلرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ الدَّيْنُ وَيَحْضُرُهُ الشَّيْ‏ءُ أَ يَقْضِي دَيْنَهُ أَوْ يَحُجُّ قَالَ يَقْضِي بِبَعْضٍ وَيَحُجُّ بِبَعْضٍ قُلْتُ فَإِنَّهُ لا يَكُونُ إِلاَّ بِقَدْرِ نَفَقَةِ الْحَجِّ فَقَالَ يَقْضِي سَنَةً وَيَحُجُّ سَنَةً فَقُلْتُ أُعْطِيَ الْمَالَ مِنْ نَاحِيَةِ السُّلْطَانِ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa has narrated from abu Hammam who has said the following: “I once asked al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who owes a debt and he earns a certain amount; if he must pay the debt or perform al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘With a certain part he pays the debt and with other part performs al-Hajj.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if it is only enough for al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘One year he pays the debt, and one year performs al-Hajj.’ I then asked, ‘Can an amount be received from Sultan?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful in the case of all of you.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/168)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَكُونُ عَلَيَّ الدَّيْنُ فَيَقَعُ فِي يَدِيَ الدَّرَاهِمُ فَإِنْ وَزَّعْتُهَا بَيْنَهُمْ لَمْ يَبْقَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَ فَأَحُجُّ بِهَا أَوْ أُوَزِّعُهَا بَيْنَ الْغُرَّامِ فَقَالَ تَحُجُّ بِهَا وَادْعُ الله أَنْ يَقْضِيَ عَنْكَ دَيْنَكَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab from more than one person who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the debt that I owe and I have a certain amount of dirham, which if I divide among the creditors, not anything will be left for al-Hajj expenses. He (the Imam) said, ‘Perform al-Hajj with it and appeal before Allah to pay off your debts.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/169)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ الْوَاسِطِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَسْتَقْرِضُ وَيَحُجُّ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ خَلْفَ ظَهْرِهِ مَالٌ إِنْ حَدَثَ بِهِ حَدَثٌ أُدِّيَ عَنْهُ فَلا بَأْسَ.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa has narrated from al-Barqiy from Ja’far ibn Bashir from Musa ibn Bakr al-Wasitiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who borrows for al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he leaves behind an asset that can pay off his debt in case something happens to him, then it is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/169)