224. Mu‘arras of the Holy Prophet

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا انْصَرَفْتَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَانْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى ذِي الْحُلَيْفَةِ وَأَنْتَ رَاجِعٌ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَائْتِ مُعَرَّسَ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَإِنْ كُنْتَ فِي وَقْتِ صَلاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ أَوْ نَافِلَةٍ فَصَلِّ فِيهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ فِي غَيْرِ وَقْتِ صَلاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ فَانْزِلْ فِيهِ قَلِيلاً فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَدْ كَانَ يُعَرِّسُ فِيهِ وَيُصَلِّي.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that during your return from Makkah to al-Madinah, on your way when you are in Dhu al-Hulayfah, then visit Mu‘arras of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. You should perform salat (prayer) there if it is time of an obligatory or optional salat (prayer). If it is not time for an obligatory salat (prayer), disembark and rest there for a while; the Holy Prophet would rest and perform salat (prayer) at that place.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/281)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ وَالْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا أَنَّهُ لَمْ يُعَرِّسْ فَأَمَرَهُ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنْ يَنْصَرِفَ فَيُعَرِّسَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hajjal and al-Hassan ibn Ali from Ali ibn Asbat, from certain individuals of our people that he did not disembark for rest where the Holy Prophet had rested. Al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, commanded him to go back and do what he was supposed to do.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/281)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ جَمَّالَنَا مَرَّ بِنَا وَلَمْ يَنْزِلِ الْمُعَرَّسَ فَقَالَ لا بُدَّ أَنْ تَرْجِعُوا إِلَيْهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَيْهِ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Kufiy from Ali ibn Asbat from Muhammad ibn al-Qasim from al-Fudayl who has said the following: “I once said to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, our camel-man passed by al-Mu‘arras but did not disembark for rest. He (the Imam) said, ‘You must go back.’ I then went back.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/282)



4ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ قَالَ قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَسْبَاطٍ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَنَحْنُ نَسْمَعُ إِنَّا لَمْ نَكُنْ عَرَّسْنَا فَأَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَرَّسَ وَأَنَّهُ سَأَلَكَ فَأَمَرْتَهُ بِالْعَوْدِ إِلَى الْمُعَرَّسِ فَيُعَرِّسُ فِيهِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ لَهُ فَإِنَّا انْصَرَفْنَا فَعَرَّسْنَا فَأَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ نَصْنَعُ قَالَ تُصَلِّي فِيهِ وَتَضْطَجِعُ وَكَانَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يُصَلِّي بَعْدَ الْعَتَمَةِ فِيهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُحَمَّدٌ فَإِنْ مَرَّ بِهِ فِي غَيْرِ وَقْتِ صَلاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ قَالَ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ ذَا فَقَالَ مَا رُخِّصَ فِي هَذَا إِلاَّ فِي رَكْعَتَيِ الطَّوَافِ فَإِنَّ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فَعَلَهُ وَقَالَ يُقِيمُ حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ وَقْتُ الصَّلاةِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَمَنْ مَرَّ بِهِ بِلَيْلٍ أَوْ نَهَارٍ يُعَرِّسُ فِيهِ أَوْ إِنَّمَا التَّعْرِيسُ بِاللَّيْلِ فَقَالَ إِنْ مَرَّ بِهِ بِلَيْلٍ أَوْ نَهَارٍ فَلْيُعَرِّسْ فِيهِ.


4. It is narrated from him (the narrator of the previous Hadith) from ibn Faddal who has said the following: “Ali ibn Asbat once said to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and we were listening, ‘We did not disembark in al-Mu‘arras. We then informed ibn al-Qasim ibn al-Fudayl who had not disembarked in al-Mu‘ arras. He then had asked you about it, and you commanded him to go back to al-Mu‘ arras to comply with the tradition for that place.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, that is true.’ He (the narrator) then asked, ‘What should we do if we go back?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You should perform salat (prayer) and just lie down. Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would perform salat (prayer) there after al-‘Atmah (‘Isha).’ Muhammad then asked the Imam, ‘What should one do if one passes by when it is not time for obligatory salat (prayer) like if it is after al-‘Asr salat (prayer)?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Abu al-Hassan was asked about it and he had said, ‘It is not permissible in this case (performing salat (prayer) after al-‘Asr) except the two Rak‘at of Tawaf. Al-Hassan ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, had performed it.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘One should stay there until it is time for an obligatory salat (prayer).’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, is resting at al-Mu‘arras when passing by during both day and night or just when passing by during the night only?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is for passing by regardless of the night or day time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/282)