223. Sanctity of al-Madinah

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ حَسَّانَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ قَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَكَّةُ حَرَمُ الله وَالْمَدِينَةُ حَرَمُ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَالْكُوفَةُ حَرَمِي لا يُرِيدُهَا جَبَّارٌ بِحَادِثَةٍ إِلاَّ قَصَمَهُ الله.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from Hassan ibn Mehran who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ’’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘Makkah is the sacred place of Allah and al-Madinah is the sacred place of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. Al-Kufah is my sacred place. Whoever of the tyrants may want to have it through eventful ways, Allah will crush his backbones.’ ”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/278)



2ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْمَدِينَةَ قَالَ نَعَمْ حَرَّمَ بَرِيداً فِي بَرِيدٍ غَضَاها قَالَ قُلْتُ صَيْدَهَا قَالَ لا يَكْذِبُ النَّاسُ.


2. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban from abu al-‘Abbas who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’Is al-Madinah the sacred place of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause?’ He (the Imam) replied, ’Yes, he made it a one square Barid (a certain area of land) with its trees an area of sacred status.’ I (the narrator) then asked, ’What about hunting in such area?’ He (the Imam) replied, ’People’s words are not rejected.’” (Please consult Fatwa for this Hadith)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/278)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ الصَّيْقَلِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كُنْتُ عِنْدَ زِيَادِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله وَعِنْدَهُ رَبِيعَةُ الرَّأْيِ فَقَالَ زِيَادٌ مَا الَّذِي حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ بَرِيدٌ فِي بَرِيدٍ فَقَالَ لِرَبِيعَةَ وَكَانَ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَمْيَالٌ فَسَكَتَ وَلَمْ يُجِبْهُ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَيَّ زِيَادٌ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله مَا تَقُولُ أَنْتَ فَقُلْتُ حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ مَا بَيْنَ لابَتَيْهَا قَالَ وَمَا بَيْنَ لابَتَيْهَا قُلْتُ مَا أَحَاطَتْ بِهِ الْحِرَارُ قَالَ وَمَا حَرَّمَ مِنَ الشَّجَرِ قُلْتُ مِنْ عَيْرٍ إِلَى وُعَيْرٍ قَالَ صَفْوَانُ قَالَ ابْنُ مُسْكَانَ قَالَ الْحَسَنُ فَسَأَلَهُ إِنْسَانٌ وَأَنَا جَالِسٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ وَمَا بَيْنَ لابَتَيْهَا فَقَالَ مَا بَيْنَ الصَّوْرَيْنِ إِلَى الثَّنِيَّةِ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from al-Hassan al- Sayqal who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Once I was in the meeting of Ziyad ibn ‘Abd Allah and Rabi’ah al-Ra’iy was also there. Ziyad said, ‘What is the area which the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has made a place of sacred status in al-Madinah?’ He replied, ‘It is one square Barid.’ He then said to Rabi’ah, ‘During the time of the Messenger of Allah it was many miles.’ He then remained quiet and did not answer him. Ziyad then turned to me and asked, ‘O abu ‘Abd Allah, what do you say?’ I replied, ‘The sacred area of the Messenger of Allah is the area between the two Labit of al-Madinah.’ He then asked, ‘What is al-Labit?’ I replied, ‘It is the area surrounded by al-Hirar (hills).’ He asked, ‘What of amount of trees has he made sacred?’ I said, ‘From this mountain to that mountain.’” “Safwan has said that ibn Muskan has said that al-Hassan has said, ‘A man then asked him, when I was present, ‘Is it what is between the two hills?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is the area between the two boundaries up to al-Thaniyah (name of a place).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/279)



4ـ وَفِي رِوَايَةِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ حَدُّ مَا حَرَّمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ مِنْ ذُبَابٍ إِلَى وَاقِمٍ وَالْعُرَيْضِ وَالنَّقْبِ مِنْ قِبَلِ مَكَّةَ.


4. In the narration of ibn Muskan from abu Basir from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, this is stated. ‘The boundaries of the sacred place of the Messenger of Allah , O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, extends in al-Madinah from Dhubab to Waqim and from al-‘Urayd and al-Naqb from the side of Makkah.’” H 8100, Ch. 11, h 5


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/279)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّ مَكَّةَ حَرَمُ الله حَرَّمَهَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَإِنَّ الْمَدِينَةَ حَرَمِي مَا بَيْنَ لابَتَيْهَا حَرَمٌ لا يُعْضَدُ شَجَرُهَا وَهُوَ مَا بَيْنَ ظِلِّ عَائِرٍ إِلَى ظِلِّ وُعَيْرٍ وَلَيْسَ صَيْدُهَا كَصَيْدِ مَكَّةَ يُؤْكَلُ هَذَا وَلا يُؤْكَلُ ذَلِكَ وَهُوَ بَرِيدٌ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, “Whoever causes a Hadath in al-Madinah or gives protection to one who causes a Hadath therein is condemned by Allah.’ I then asked, ‘What is a Hadath?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is murder.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/280)