219. The Virtue of Staying in al-Madinah, Fasting and Performing I‘tikaf Near the Pillars

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ جَهْمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَيُّمَا أَفْضَلُ الْمُقَامُ بِمَكَّةَ أَوْ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَقُولُ أَنْتَ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَمَا قَوْلِي مَعَ قَوْلِكَ قَالَ إِنَّ قَوْلَكَ يَرُدُّكَ إِلَى قَوْلِي قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَمَّا أَنَا فَأَزْعُمُ أَنَّ الْمُقَامَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ أَفْضَلُ مِنَ الْمُقَامِ بِمَكَّةَ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَمَا لَئِنْ قُلْتَ ذَلِكَ لَقَدْ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) ذَاكَ يَوْمَ فِطْرٍ وَجَاءَ إِلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ ثُمَّ قَالَ قَدْ فَضَلْنَا النَّاسَ الْيَوْمَ بِسَلامِنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn Jahm who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Is staying in Makkah more virtuous or in al- Madinah?’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What do you say about it?’ I (the narrator) replied, ‘My words are not of any significance before your words.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Your words return you to my words.’ I (the narrator) then said, ‘I believe staying in al-Madinah is more virtuous than in Makkah.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘What you said is the same as what abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said on a day of ‘Id al-Fitr during his visit of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. He offered his al-Salam in the Masjid and said, ‘We today have been given preference over people due to our offering al-Salam to the Messenger of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/270)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ مُرَازِمٍ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ أَنَا وَعَمَّارٌ وَجَمَاعَةٌ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ مَا مُقَامُكُمْ فَقَالَ عَمَّارٌ قَدْ سَرَّحْنَا ظَهْرَنَا وَأَمَرْنَا أَنْ نُؤْتَى بِهِ إِلَى خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً فَقَالَ أَصَبْتُمُ الْمُقَامَ فِي بَلَدِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَالصَّلاةَ فِي مَسْجِدِهِ وَاعْمَلُوا لآِخِرَتِكُمْ وَأَكْثِرُوا لأَنْفُسِكُمْ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ قَدْ يَكُونُ كَيِّساً فِي الدُّنْيَا فَيُقَالُ مَا أَكْيَسَ فُلاناً وَإِنَّمَا الْكَيِّسُ كَيِّسُ الآخِرَةِ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn Hadid from Murazim who has said the following: “Once ‘Ammar, a group and I went to visit abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in al-Madinah and he asked, ‘For how long have you decided to stay in al-Madinah?’ ‘Ammar said, ‘We have sent our camels to pasture for fifteen days.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Your decision to stay in the town of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and performing salat (prayer) in the Masjid is a proper one. You should work for your next life for yourselves a great deal. A man can be very intelligent in the worldly matters and people say, “How intelligent he is!” In fact, a true intelligent person is one who is intelligent in matters of the next life.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/270)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو الزَّيَّاتِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ مَاتَ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ بَعَثَهُ الله فِي الآمِنِينَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْهُمْ يَحْيَى بْنُ حَبِيبٍ وَأَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ الْحَذَّاءُ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ الْحَجَّاجِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn ‘Amr al- Zayyat who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that if one dies in al-Madinah, Allah will raise him on the Day of Judgment among those who have received immunity. Of such people are Yahya ibn Habib, abu ‘Ubaydah al-Hadhdha’ and ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/270)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلْتَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تُقِيمَ ثَلاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ الأَرْبِعَاءَ وَالْخَمِيسَ وَالْجُمُعَةَ فَصَلِّ مَا بَيْنَ الْقَبْرِ وَالْمِنْبَرِ يَوْمَ الأَرْبِعَاءِ عِنْدَ الأُسْطُوَانَةِ الَّتِي تَلِي الْقَبْرَ فَتَدْعُو الله عِنْدَهَا وَتَسْأَلُهُ كُلَّ حَاجَةٍ تُرِيدُهَا فِي آخِرَةٍ أَوْ دُنْيَا وَالْيَوْمَ الثَّانِيَ عِنْدَ أُسْطُوَانَةِ التَّوْبَةِ وَيَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ عِنْدَ مَقَامِ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مُقَابِلَ الأُسْطُوَانَةِ الْكَثِيرَةِ الْخَلُوقِ فَتَدْعُو الله عِنْدَهُنَّ لِكُلِّ حَاجَةٍ وَتَصُومُ تِلْكَ الثَّلاثَةَ الأَيَّامِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when you enter the Masjid, if you can stay three days, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, perform salat (prayer) between the grave and the pulpit. On Wednesday, perform salat (prayer) near the pillar next to the grave. Appeal before Allah and ask Him for your wishes for the matters of the next life or the worldly matters. On the second day, perform salat (prayer) near al-Tawbah pillar and on Friday near the Maqam of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, opposite to the pillar of abundant fragrance. Appeal before Allah for your wishes and fast during these three days.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/271)



5ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) صُمِ الأَرْبِعَاءَ وَالْخَمِيسَ وَالْجُمُعَةَ وَصَلِّ لَيْلَةَ الأَرْبِعَاءِ وَيَوْمَ الأَرْبِعَاءِ عِنْدَ الأُسْطُوَانَةِ الَّتِي تَلِي رَأْسَ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَلَيْلَةَ الْخَمِيسِ وَيَوْمَ الْخَمِيسِ عِنْدَ أُسْطُوَانَةِ أَبِي لُبَابَةَ وَلَيْلَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَيَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ عِنْدَ الأُسْطُوَانَةِ الَّتِي تَلِي مَقَامَ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَادْعُ بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ لِحَاجَتِكَ وَهُوَ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِعِزَّتِكَ وَقُوَّتِكَ وَقُدْرَتِكَ وَجَمِيعِ مَا أَحَاطَ بِهِ عِلْمُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَنْ تَفْعَلَ بِي كَذَا وَكَذَا.


5. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You should fast on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. Perform salat (prayer) during Wednesday night and day near the pillar next to the head of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. During Thursday night and day, perform salat (prayer) near the pillar of abu Lubabah. During Friday night and day, perform salat (prayer) near the pillar next to Maqam of the Holy Prophet and say this prayer for your wishes. “O Allah, I appeal before You through Your majesty, through Your power, through Your measures and through all things which are encompassed in Your knowledge to grant salawat (favors and compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause) and make my so and so wishes come true.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/271)