189. The Case of One Who Mixes up the Order of the Acts of Al-Hajj, (Like Performing Tawaf of Ziyarat Before Shaving One’s Head)

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَزُورُ الْبَيْتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ قَالَ لا يَنْبَغِي إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ نَاسِياً ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَتَاهُ أُنَاسٌ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِنِّي حَلَقْتُ قَبْلَ أَنْ أَذْبَحَ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ حَلَقْتُ قَبْلَ أَنْ أَرْمِيَ فَلَمْ يَتْرُكُوا شَيْئاً كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ أَنْ يُؤَخِّرُوهُ إِلاَّ قَدَّمُوهُ فَقَالَ لا حَرَجَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who visits the House before shaving his head. He (the Imam) said, ’It is not proper unless it is because of forgetfulness.’ He (the Imam) then said, ’People came to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, on the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering, 10th of Dhu al-Hajjah). Certain ones among them said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I shaved before slaughtering my offering.’ Another one said, ‘I shaved before throwing pebbles.’ They did not leave anything that they were required to do later but that they had done it first. He (the Messenger of Allah) said it is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/189)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا رَمَى الْجَمْرَةَ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ وَحَلَقَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ النَّحْرِ أَتَاهُ طَوَائِفُ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ الله ذَبَحْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَرْمِيَ وَحَلَقْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَذْبَحَ وَلَمْ يَبْقَ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِمَّا يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ أَنْ يُقَدِّمُوهُ إِلاَّ أَخَّرُوهُ وَلا شَيْ‏ءٌ مِمَّا يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ أَنْ يُؤَخِّرُوهُ إِلاَّ قَدَّمُوهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا حَرَجَ لا حَرَجَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, al-Thani, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, a man of our people has thrown pebbles on al-Jamar on the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering, 10th of Dhu al-Hajjah) and shaved before slaughtering his offering.’ He (the Imam) said, ’It was the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering, 10th of Dhu al-Hajjah) when many groups of Muslim people came to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. They said, “O Messenger of Allah, we slaughtered before throwing pebbles and shaved before slaughtering our offering. Nothing was left of the acts that were before but they had delayed or that which was later they had done it before.” The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, “You are not required to face any complexity. There is no difficulty (to cause suffering).””’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/190)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ زَارَ الْبَيْتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ زَارَ الْبَيْتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ وَهُوَ عَالِمٌ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ لا يَنْبَغِي لَهُ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِ دَمَ شَاةٍ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Sahl ibn Ziyad all ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “This is about a man who visits the House before shaving. Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If he has knowingly visited the House before shaving, it is not proper, thus he owes one sheep.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/191)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ نَسِيَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ بِمِنًى حَتَّى زَارَ الْبَيْتَ فَاشْتَرَى بِمَكَّةَ ثُمَّ ذَبَحَ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ قَدْ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “This is about a man who forgets to slaughter his offering in Mina’ until he visits the House; then buys an offering in Makkah and slaughters it. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’It is not harmful and it is sufficient for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/191)