188. Shaving and Trimming One’s Nails or Hair

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي شِبْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ إِذَا حَلَقَ رَأْسَهُ بِمِنًى ثُمَّ دَفَنَهُ جَاءَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَكُلُّ شَعْرَةٍ لَهَا لِسَانٌ طَلْقٌ تُلَبِّي بِاسْمِ صَاحِبِهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from Ibrahim ibn Muslim from abu Shibl who has said the following: “When a believing person shaves his head and buries his hairs in Mina, on the Day of Judgment every hair comes with a clear tongue, saying Talbiyah (here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command) for the one to whom they belonged.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/185)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُفَضَّلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَغْسِلَ رَأْسَهُ بِالْخِطْمِيِّ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَهُ قَالَ يُقَصِّرُ وَيَغْسِلُهُ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Mufaddal ibn Salih from Aban ibn Taghlib who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a person who wants to wash his head with marshmallow. He (the Imam) said, ‘He should shorten his hair, then wash.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/185)



3ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ يَحْلِقُ رَأْسَهُ وَيُقَلِّمُ أَظْفَارَهُ وَيَأْخُذُ مِنْ شَارِبِهِ وَمِنْ أَطْرَافِ لِحْيَتِهِ.


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, on the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering, 10th of Dhu al-Hajjah) shaved his head, cut his finger nails, trimmed his mustache and the sides (edges) of his beard.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/185)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا اشْتَرَيْتَ أُضْحِيَّتَكَ وَوَزَنْتَ ثَمَنَهَا وَصَارَتْ فِي رَحْلِكَ فَقَدْ بَلَغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ فَإِنْ أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تَحْلِقَ فَاحْلِقْ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you buy your offering animal, measure its price and it becomes as part of your luggage, the offering now has reached its destination, and if you like you can shave your head.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/186)



5ـ وَبِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ جَهِلَ أَنْ يُقَصِّرَ مِنْ رَأْسِهِ أَوْ يَحْلِقَ حَتَّى ارْتَحَلَ مِنْ مِنًى قَالَ فَلْيَرْجِعْ إِلَى مِنًى حَتَّى يَحْلِقَ بِهَا شَعْرَهُ أَوْ يُقَصِّرَ وَعَلَى الصَّرُورَةِ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ.


5. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith the following is narrated Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who because of ignorance does not do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) or does not shave his head until he leaves Mina’. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must return to Mina’ to shave his hair or do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) and a Sarurah (first time performing al-Hajj) man must shave his head.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/186)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يَنْبَغِي لِلصَّرُورَةِ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ حَجَّ فَإِنْ شَاءَ قَصَّرَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ حَلَقَ قَالَ وَإِذَا لَبَّدَ شَعْرَهُ أَوْ عَقَصَهُ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِ الْحَلْقَ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ التَّقْصِيرُ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is proper for al-Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time) to shave his head, but if he has already performed al-Hajj he then may shave or do Taqsir (cutting some hair or fingernails and so on).’ He (the Imam) has said that if one has felted or braided his hairs, he must shave.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/186)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ عَلَى الصَّرُورَةِ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ رَأْسَهُ وَلا يُقَصِّرَ وَإِنَّمَا التَّقْصِيرُ لِمَنْ حَجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Al-Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time) must shave his head and must not do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on); it is for those who have already performed Hajjahta al-Islam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/186)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُقَصِّرَ مِنْ شَعْرِهِ وَهُوَ حَاجٌّ حَتَّى ارْتَحَلَ مِنْ مِنًى قَالَ مَا يُعْجِبُنِي أَنْ يُلْقِيَ شَعْرَهُ إِلاَّ بِمِنًى وَقَالَ فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ لْيَقْضُوا تَفَثَهُمْ قَالَ هُوَ الْحَلْقُ وَمَا فِي جِلْدِ الإِنْسَانِ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who forgets to do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) and he is for al-Hajj, until he leaves Mina He (the Imam) said, ’I do not like throwing the hairs in places other than MinaV About the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, . . thereafter they must spruce up themselves . . .’(22:29) he (the Imam) said that it refers to shaving and things on a man’s skin.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/187)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ يَحْلِقُ رَأْسَهُ بِمَكَّةَ قَالَ يَرُدُّ الشَّعْرَ إِلَى مِنًى.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy who has said the following: “About a man who shaves in Makkah abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He must return (take) his hairs to Mina’.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/187)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ آبَائِهِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) قَالَ السُّنَّةُ فِي الْحَلْقِ أَنْ يَبْلُغَ الْعَظْمَيْنِ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated from his ancestors, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who have said, ‘The sunnah about shaving is that it must reach the two bones (down to both temple bones).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/188)



11ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ تُقَصِّرُ الْمَرْأَةُ مِنْ شَعْرِهَا لِعُمْرَتِهَا قَدْرَ أَنْمُلَةٍ.


11. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) in the case of women is from her hairs of the size of a finger tip.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/188)



12ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّا حِينَ نَفَرْنَا مِنْ مِنًى أَقَمْنَا أَيَّاماً ثُمَّ حَلَقْتُ رَأْسِي طَلَبَ التَّلَذُّذِ فَدَخَلَنِي مِنْ ذَلِكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَقَالَ كَانَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا خَرَجَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَأُتِيَ بِثِيَابِهِ حَلَقَ رَأْسَهُ قَالَ وَقَالَ فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ثُمَّ لْيَقْضُوا تَفَثَهُمْ وَلْيُوفُوا نُذُورَهُمْ قَالَ التَّفَثُ تَقْلِيمُ الأَظْفَارِ وَطَرْحُ الْوَسَخِ وَطَرْحُ الإِحْرَامِ.


12. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about our case of leaving Mina’ and staying several days, then shaving my head for pleasure that raised a question in my mind. He (the Imam) said that when abu al-Hassan ‘Alayhi al-Salam, left Makkah, his clothes were brought to him and he shaved his head and said that in the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . then they must spruce up and fulfill their vows. . .’ (22:29) ‘Tafath’ means cutting the finger nails, removing dirt and (clothes of) Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/188)



13ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يَاسِينَ الضَّرِيرِ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ أَنَّ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَهْلِ خُرَاسَانَ قَدِمَ حَاجّاً وَكَانَ أَقْرَعَ الرَّأْسِ لا يُحْسِنُ أَنْ يُلَبِّيَ فَاسْتُفْتِيَ لَهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَأَمَرَ أَنْ يُلَبَّى عَنْهُ وَيُمَرَّ الْمُوسَى عَلَى رَأْسِهِ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ يُجْزِئُ عَنْهُ.


13. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yasin al-Darir from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “Once a man from Khurasan came for al-Hajj, his head had baldness and could not pronounce Talbiyah correctly. A fatwa was requested about it from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he (the Imam) said that Talbiyah must be said on his behalf, and he must pass the blade over his head. It will be sufficient for him.’” NOTE: Fatwa best explains Hadith 3-13 of this and all of the following Chapters.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/188)