183. The Case of Sacrificial Animal Destroyed Before Offering and Using Its Meat for Food

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُلُّ مَنْ سَاقَ هَدْياً تَطَوُّعاً فَعَطِبَ هَدْيُهُ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ يَنْحَرُهُ وَيَأْخُذُ نَعْلَ التَّقْلِيدِ فَيَغْمِسُهَا فِي الدَّمِ وَيَضْرِبُ بِهِ صَفْحَةَ سَنَامِهِ وَلا بَدَلَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَا كَانَ مِنْ جَزَاءِ صَيْدٍ أَوْ نَذْرٍ فَعَطِبَ فَعَلَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَعَلَيْهِ الْبَدَلُ وَكُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ فَعَطِبَ فَلا بَدَلَ عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ تَطَوُّعاً أَوْ غَيْرَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever drives an offering animal optionally and it is damaged, he is not obligated for anything in this matter. He slaughters it and takes away the shove off its neck, stains it with blood, applies against its hump and he does not owe any replacement for it. Any offering animal, which is as expiation and penalty because of hunting or a vow and becomes damaged, he must do with it as the case above but he owes its replacement. Everything that enters al-Haram (the sacred area) and becomes damaged, the owner does not owe any replacement for it, regardless of being optional or otherwise.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/170)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ اشْتَرَى أُضْحِيَّةً فَمَاتَتْ أَوْ سُرِقَتْ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَهَا فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ وَإِنْ أَبْدَلَهَا فَهُوَ أَفْضَلُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَشْتَرِ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya all from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who buys an animal for offering but it dies or is stolen before slaughtering. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful but it is better to replace it, and if he does not buy, he is not obligated for anything in this matter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/171)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْبَدَنَةِ يُهْدِيهَا الرَّجُلُ فَتُكْسَرُ أَوْ تَهْلِكُ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ هَدْياً مَضْمُوناً فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِ مَكَانَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَضْمُوناً فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قُلْتُ أَ وَيَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from a man who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who offers a badanah but it suffers damage or is destroyed. He (the Imam) said, ’If it is a binding obligation, he owes its replacement, otherwise, he is not obligated for anything in this matter.’ I then asked, ‘Can he use it for food?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/171)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْهَدْيِ الْوَاجِبِ إِذَا أَصَابَهُ كَسْرٌ أَوْ عَطَبٌ أَ يَبِيعُهُ صَاحِبُهُ وَيَسْتَعِينُ بِثَمَنِهِ عَلَى هَدْيٍ آخَرَ قَالَ يَبِيعُهُ وَيَتَصَدَّقُ بِثَمَنِهِ وَيُهْدِي هَدْياً آخَرَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man whose obligatory offering animal suffers damage or is destroyed; if he can sell it and get help from its sale to buy its replacement. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can sell it, give the proceeds as charity and offer another offering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/171)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا وَجَدَ الرَّجُلُ هَدْياً ضَالاًّ فَلْيُعَرِّفْهُ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ وَالْيَوْمَ الثَّانِيَ وَالْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ ثُمَّ يَذْبَحُهُ عَنْ صَاحِبِهِ عَشِيَّةَ يَوْمِ الثَّالِثِ وَقَالَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَبْعَثُ بِالْهَدْيِ الْوَاجِبِ فَيَهْلِكُ الْهَدْيُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَبْلُغَ وَلَيْسَ لَهُ سَعَةُ أَنْ يُهْدِيَ فَقَالَ الله سُبْحَانَهُ أَوْلَى بِالْعُذْرِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ إِذَا سَأَلَ أُعْطِيَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘If one finds a lost offering animal, he must make a public announcement. He can do so on the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering, 10th of Dhu al-Hajjah). On the second day and on the third day, then slaughter it on behalf of its owner in the evening of the third day.’ About a man who sends an obligatory offering and it is destroyed on the way before reaching its place and he is not able to replace it, he (the Imam) said, ‘Allah, most Glorious, is the first to accept his excuse, unless he knows that if he asks he is given his wish.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/172)



6ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ اشْتَرَى هَدْياً لِمُتْعَتِهِ فَأَتَى بِهِ أَهْلَهُ وَرَبَطَهُ ثُمَّ انْحَلَّ وَهَلَكَ هَلْ يُجْزِئُهُ أَوْ يُعِيدُ قَالَ لا يُجْزِئُهُ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ لا قُوَّةَ بِهِ عَلَيْهِ.


6. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who buys an offering animal for al- Tamattu‘ (advantageous), al-Hajj. He brings it to his family and ties down for security then releases it and it dies, if it is sufficient or he has to do it again. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not sufficient unless he has no power on it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/173)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ اشْتَرَى كَبْشاً فَهَلَكَ مِنْهُ قَالَ يَشْتَرِي مَكَانَهُ آخَرَ قُلْتُ فَإِنِ اشْتَرَى مَكَانَهُ آخَرَ ثُمَّ وَجَدَ الأَوَّلَ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَا جَمِيعاً قَائِمَيْنِ فَلْيَذْبَحِ الأَوَّلَ وَلْيَبِعِ الآخَرَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ ذَبَحَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ ذَبَحَ الآخَرَ فَلْيَذْبَحِ الأَوَّلَ مَعَهُ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who buys a ram and it is destroyed (lost). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must buy another one to replace it.’ I then asked, ‘What is the rule if he buys another and finds the first one?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If both are available, he slaughters the first one and sells the other, and if he wants he can slaughter it; but if he has already slaughtered the second he must slaughter the first one also.’”




8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَضِلُّ هَدْيُهُ فَيَجِدُهُ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَيَنْحَرُهُ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ نَحَرَهُ بِمِنًى فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَ عَنْ صَاحِبِهِ الَّذِي ضَلَّ مِنْهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ نَحَرَهُ فِي غَيْرِ مِنًى لَمْ يُجْزِ عَنْ صَاحِبِهِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy from Mansur ibn Hazim who has said the following: “This is about a man whose offering becomes lost and another man finds it and slaughters it. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If he has slaughtered it in Mina’ it is sufficient for its owner. If it is slaughtered somewhere other than Mina’, it then is not sufficient for its owner,”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/173)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ اشْتَرَى هَدْياً فَنَحَرَهُ فَمَرَّ بِهِ رَجُلٌ فَعَرَفَهُ فَقَالَ هَذِهِ بَدَنَتِي ضَلَّتْ مِنِّي بِالأَمْسِ وَشَهِدَ لَهُ رَجُلانِ بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ لَحْمُهَا وَلا يُجْزِئُ عَنْ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا ثُمَّ قَالَ وَلِذَلِكَ جَرَتِ السُّنَّةُ بِإِشْعَارِهَا وَتَقْلِيدِهَا إِذَا عُرِّفَتْ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Hadid from Jamil from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “A man buys an offering animal then slaughters it. Another man passing by recognizes it and says, ‘It is my badanah that was lost yesterday.’ Two people testify in his favor. About such case, one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘The meat belongs to him. As an offering it is not sufficient for neither of them.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘For this reason there is the Sunnah of ‘al-Tsh‘ar (to mark) or collaring (such as hanging a shove from the neck of the offering animal).’” (Fatwa best explains Hadith 1-8 of this Chapter)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/174)