180. The Obligation of Offering Sacrifice and the Place Where It Should Be Slaughtered

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأَعْرَجِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَنْ تَمَتَّعَ فِي أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ بِمَكَّةَ حَتَّى يَحْضُرَ الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ فَعَلَيْهِ شَاةٌ وَمَنْ تَمَتَّعَ فِي غَيْرِ أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ ثُمَّ جَاوَرَ حَتَّى يَحْضُرَ الْحَجُّ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ دَمٌ إِنَّمَا هِيَ حَجَّةٌ مُفْرَدَةٌ وَإِنَّمَا الأَضْحَى عَلَى أَهْلِ الأَمْصَارِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from Sa‘id al-A’raj who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever is for al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) in the months of al-Hajj. then remains in Makkah until the time of coming al-Hajj, he owes one sheep. Those who are for al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) in a time other than the months of al-Hajj, then remain in (Makkah) until it is time for al-Hajj, they do not owe anything because it is a Mufrad al-Hajj and al- Adha’. He (the Imam) said, ‘(Offering sacrifice) is on the people of the cities.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/158)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنِ الأَضْحَى أَ وَاجِبٌ عَلَى مَنْ وَجَدَ لِنَفْسِهِ وَعِيَالِهِ فَقَالَ أَمَّا لِنَفْسِهِ فَلا يَدَعْهُ وَأَمَّا لِعِيَالِهِ إِنْ شَاءَ تَرَكَهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about al-Adha’; if it is obligatory on one who can afford for himself and his family. He (the Imam) said, ‘For one’s self, it must not be ignored; and for one’s family, if he likes, he may ignore.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/158)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْكَرْخِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ قَدِمَ بِهَدْيِهِ مَكَّةَ فِي الْعَشْرِ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ هَدْياً وَاجِباً فَلا يَنْحَرْهُ إِلاَّ بِمِنًى وَإِنْ كَانَ لَيْسَ بِوَاجِبٍ فَلْيَنْحَرْهُ بِمَكَّةَ إِنْ شَاءَ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ أَشْعَرَهُ وَقَلَّدَهُ فَلا يَنْحَرْهُ إِلاَّ يَوْمَ الأَضْحَى.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Ibrahim al- Karkhiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about a man who has brought an offering to Makkah during the ten days (of the month). He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is obligatory offering, it is slaughtered in Mina’ only, and if it is not obligatory; he can slaughter it in Makkah if he likes; and if he has marked or placed around its neck a tag, then it must not be slaughtered at any time except on the day of al- Adha’.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/159)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ حَجَّتِهِ شَيْئاً يَلْزَمُهُ مِنْهُ دَمٌ يُجْزِئُهُ أَنْ يَذْبَحَهُ إِذَا رَجَعَ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ وَقَالَ فِيمَا أَعْلَمُ يَتَصَدَّقُ بِهِ قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ وَقُلْتُ لأَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ حَجَّتِهِ مَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ الدَّمُ وَلا يُهَرِيقُهُ حَتَّى يَرْجِعَ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَقَالَ يُهَرِيقُهُ فِي أَهْلِهِ وَيَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ الشَّيْ‏ءَ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who comes out of his al-Hajj owing to slaughter something; if it is sufficient to slaughter when he returns to his family. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes’, and he said as far as I know ‘he must pay it as charity.’ Ishaq has said, ‘I asked abu Ibrahim about a man who owes to slaughter something after his coming out of his al-Hajj and he does not do so until he returns to his family. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can slaughter it in his family and eat something from it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/159)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ شُعَيْبٍ الْعَقَرْقُوفِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) سُقْتُ فِي الْعُمْرَةِ بَدَنَةً أَيْنَ أَنْحَرُهَا قَالَ بِمَكَّةَ قُلْتُ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أُعْطِي مِنْهَا قَالَ كُلْ ثُلُثاً وَأَهْدِ ثُلُثاً وَتَصَدَّقْ بِثُلُثٍ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from Shu’ayb al-‘Aqarqufiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about my driving badanah for al-‘Umrah and about where I should slaughter it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Slaughter it in Makkah.’ I then asked, ‘What should I give from it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Eat one-third, gift one third and give as charity one-third.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/159)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ أَنْكَرُوا عَلَيْكَ أَنَّكَ ذَبَحْتَ هَدْيَكَ فِي مَنْزِلِكَ بِمَكَّةَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ مَكَّةَ كُلَّهَا مَنْحَرٌ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that people of Makkah disliked my slaughtering the offering in my lodging in Makkah. He (the Imam) said, ‘All of Makkah is the place to slaughter offerings.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/160)