148. The Case of One Performing al-Tamattu‘ al-Hajj Who Needs to Go Out of Makkah after His Coming Out of the State of Ihram

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ دَخَلَ مَكَّةَ مُتَمَتِّعاً فِي أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ حَتَّى يَقْضِيَ الْحَجَّ فَإِنْ عَرَضَتْ لَهُ حَاجَةٌ إِلَى عُسْفَانَ أَوْ إِلَى الطَّائِفِ أَوْ إِلَى ذَاتِ عِرْقٍ خَرَجَ مُحْرِماً وَدَخَلَ مُلَبِّياً بِالْحَجِّ فَلا يَزَالُ عَلَى إِحْرَامِهِ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ رَجَعَ مُحْرِماً وَلَمْ يَقْرَبِ الْبَيْتَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مَعَ النَّاسِ إِلَى مِنًى عَلَى إِحْرَامِهِ وَإِنْ شَاءَ كَانَ وَجْهُهُ ذَلِكَ إِلَى مِنًى قُلْتُ فَإِنْ جَهِلَ وَخَرَجَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ أَوْ إِلَى نَحْوِهَا بِغَيْرِ إِحْرَامٍ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ فِي إِبَّانِ الْحَجِّ فِي أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ يُرِيدُ الْحَجَّ أَ يَدْخُلُهَا مُحْرِماً أَوْ بِغَيْرِ إِحْرَامٍ فَقَالَ إِنْ رَجَعَ فِي شَهْرِهِ دَخَلَ بِغَيْرِ إِحْرَامٍ وَإِنْ دَخَلَ فِي غَيْرِ الشَّهْرِ دَخَلَ مُحْرِماً قُلْتُ فَأَيُّ الإِحْرَامَيْنِ وَالْمُتْعَتَيْنِ مُتْعَةِ الأُولَى أَوِ الأَخِيرَةِ قَالَ الأَخِيرَةُ وَهِيَ عُمْرَتُهُ وَهِيَ الْمُحْتَبَسُ بِهَا الَّتِي وُصِلَتْ بِحَجِّهِ قُلْتُ فَمَا فَرْقٌ بَيْنَ الْمُفْرَدَةِ وَبَيْنَ عُمْرَةِ الْمُتْعَةِ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ قَالَ أَحْرَمَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ وَهُوَ يَنْوِي الْعُمْرَةَ ثُمَّ أَحَلَّ مِنْهَا وَلَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهِ دَمٌ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ مُحْتَبِساً بِهَا لأَنَّهُ لا يَكُونُ يَنْوِي الْحَجَّ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who enters Makkah in the months of al-Hajj for al- Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) must not leave Makkah until he completes al-Hajj. If he for an urgent reason needs to go to ‘Usfan or to Ta’if or to Dhat ‘Irq, he must go in the state of Ihram and enter Makkah saying Talbiyah for al-Hajj. He then continues with his Ihram. If he returns to Makkah, he does so in the state of Ihram and must not go near the House until he goes out with people to Mina’ with his Ihram, as if Mina is his destination.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he out of ignorance goes to al-Madinah or similar places without Ihram, then returns close to the time for al-Hajj in the months of al-Hajj wanting to perform al-Hajj? Must he enter Makkah in the state of Ihram or without it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If he returns in the same month he enters without Ihram, but if he enters in another month he must enter in the state of Ihram.’ I then asked, ‘Which one of the two Ihram and two Mut‘ah is it, the first or the later Mut‘ah is the one?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The last one which is al-‘Umrah and it is on hold which connects with al-Hajj.’ I then asked, ‘What is then the difference between al-‘Umrah of al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) and al-‘Umrah alone if he enters in the months of al- Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He assumed the state of Ihram for al-‘Umrah and wanted al-‘Umrah; then came out of that Ihram in which case was no offering on him (as penalty), and was not on hold with it because he did not have the intention of performing al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/85)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمُتَمَتِّعِ يَجِي‏ءُ فَيَقْضِي مُتْعَتَهُ ثُمَّ تَبْدُو لَهُ الْحَاجَةُ فَيَخْرُجُ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ أَوْ إِلَى ذَاتِ عِرْقٍ أَوْ إِلَى بَعْضِ الْمَعَادِنِ قَالَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى مَكَّةَ بِعُمْرَةٍ إِنْ كَانَ فِي غَيْرِ الشَّهْرِ الَّذِي يَتَمَتَّعُ فِيهِ لأَنَّ لِكُلِّ شَهْرٍ عُمْرَةً وَهُوَ مُرْتَهَنٌ بِالْحَجِّ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ دَخَلَ فِي الشَّهْرِ الَّذِي خَرَجَ فِيهِ قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي مُجَاوِراً هَاهُنَا فَخَرَجَ مُتَلَقِّياً بَعْضَ هَؤُلاءِ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ بَلَغَ ذَاتَ عِرْقٍ أَحْرَمَ مِنْ ذَاتِ عِرْقٍ بِالْحَجِّ وَدَخَلَ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ بِالْحَجِّ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He comes and completes his Mut‘ah, then he for a certain work goes to al-Madinah or to Dhat ‘Irq or to a certain other place. He (the Imam) said, ‘He returns to Makkah for al-‘Umrah if it is in the months in which Mut‘ah is performed; for every month there is al-‘Umrah and he is bound with al-Hajj.’ I then asked, ‘What can happen if he enters in the month in which he left?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘My father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was residing here and he once went to meet certain ones of these people. When he returned and reached Dhat ‘Irq he assumed the state of Ihram for al-Hajj. He entered in the state of Ihram for al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/86)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَتَمَتَّعُ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ يُرِيدُ الْخُرُوجَ إِلَى الطَّائِفِ قَالَ يُهِلُّ بِالْحَجِّ مِنْ مَكَّةَ وَمَا أُحِبُّ لَهُ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ مِنْهَا إِلاَّ مُحْرِماً وَلا يَتَجَاوَزُ الطَّائِفَ إِنَّهَا قَرِيبَةٌ مِنْ مَكَّةَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) but wants to go to Ta’if. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must commence al-Hajj from Makkah and I do not like for him to go out without Ihram. He must not go beyond Ta’if; it is not far from Makkah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/87)



4ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ قَضَى مُتْعَتَهُ ثُمَّ عَرَضَتْ لَهُ حَاجَةٌ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ إِلَيْهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ فَلْيَغْتَسِلْ لِلإِحْرَامِ وَلْيُهِلَّ بِالْحَجِّ وَلْيَمْضِ فِي حَاجَتِهِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى الرُّجُوعِ إِلَى مَكَّةَ مَضَى إِلَى عَرَفَاتٍ.


4. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy who has said the following: “About a man who completes Mut‘ah then because of a certain work wants to go out, he (the Imam) said, ‘He must take Ghusl (bath) for Ihram and say Talbiyah for al-Hajj, then go for his work and if he cannot return to Makkah he must go straight to ‘Arafat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/87)



5ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُتَمَتِّعُ هُوَ مُحْتَبِسٌ لا يَخْرُجُ مِنْ مَكَّةَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ إِلَى الْحَجِّ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَأْبِقَ غُلامُهُ أَوْ تَضِلَّ رَاحِلَتُهُ فَيَخْرُجَ مُحْرِماً وَلا يُجَاوِزُ إِلاَّ عَلَى قَدْرِ مَا لا تَفُوتُهُ عَرَفَةُ.


5. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from those whom he has mentioned from Aban from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) is on hold. He cannot go out of Makkah until he goes out for al-Hajj, unless his slave runs away or his stumper is lost, in which case he can go out of Makkah in the state of Ihram but he must reach ‘Arafat in time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/87)