147. The Case of One Who Forgets Taqsir until Talbiyah (Here I Am, O Lord, to obey Your command) for al-Hajj or Shaves His Head or Has Carnal Relations with His Wife

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ مُتَمَتِّعٍ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُقَصِّرَ حَتَّى أَحْرَمَ بِالْحَجِّ قَالَ يَسْتَغْفِرُ الله.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from al Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al Nadr ibn Suwayd from Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) and forgets Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) until he assumes the state of Ihram for al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must ask forgiveness from Allah.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/81)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَهَلَّ بِالْعُمْرَةِ وَنَسِيَ أَنْ يُقَصِّرَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ فِي الْحَجِّ قَالَ يَسْتَغْفِرُ الله وَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَتَمَّتْ عُمْرَتُهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who commences al-‘Umrah but then forgets Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) until he enters al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must ask forgiveness from Allah. He is not obligated for anything in this matter. His al-‘Umrah is complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/82)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَمَتَّعَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ فَدَخَلَ مَكَّةَ وَطَافَ وَسَعَى وَلَبِسَ ثِيَابَهُ وَأَحَلَّ وَنَسِيَ أَنْ يُقَصِّرَ حَتَّى خَرَجَ إِلَى عَرَفَاتٍ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ يَبْنِي عَلَى الْعُمْرَةِ وَطَوَافِهَا وَطَوَافُ الْحَجِّ عَلَى أَثَرِهِ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He enters Makkah, performs Tawaf and Sa‘y between al-Safa’,’ al-Marwah. He then dresses up normally and comes out of the state of Ihram but forgets to do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) until he leaves for ‘Arafat. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful. He continues upon his al-‘Umrah, its Tawaf and Tawaf of al-Hajj consequently.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/82)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ بِالصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَقَدْ تَمَتَّعَ ثُمَّ عَجَّلَ فَقَبَّلَ امْرَأَتَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقَصِّرَ مِنْ رَأْسِهِ فَقَالَ عَلَيْهِ دَمٌ يُهَرِيقُهُ وَإِنْ جَامَعَ فَعَلَيْهِ جَزُورٌ أَوْ بَقَرَةٌ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf around the House, Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and he is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He then in a hurry kisses his wife before Taqsir (cutting some hair or fingernails and so on). He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes one animal offering to slaughter and if he performs sexual intercourse, he owes a Jazur or a cow.’”




5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ مُتَمَتِّعٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى امْرَأَتِهِ وَلَمْ يُقَصِّرْ فَقَالَ يَنْحَرُ جَزُوراً وَقَدْ خِفْتُ أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدْ ثُلِمَ حَجُّهُ إِنْ كَانَ عَالِماً وَإِنْ كَانَ جَاهِلاً فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) and performs sexual intercourse with his wife before Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must slaughter one Jazur and I fear for his al-Hajj to have become damaged if he did knowingly; but if he is ignorant, he is not obligated for anything in this matter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/83)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنِّي لَمَّا قَضَيْتُ نُسُكِي لِلْعُمْرَةِ أَتَيْتُ أَهْلِي وَلَمْ أُقَصِّرْ قَالَ عَلَيْكَ بَدَنَةٌ قَالَ قُلْتُ إِنِّي لَمَّا أَرَدْتُ ذَلِكَ مِنْهَا وَلَمْ تَكُنْ قَصَّرَتِ امْتَنَعَتْ فَلَمَّا غَلَبْتُهَا قَرَضَتْ بَعْضَ شَعْرِهَا بِأَسْنَانِهَا فَقَالَ رَحِمَهَا الله كَانَتْ أَفْقَهَ مِنْكَ عَلَيْكَ بَدَنَةٌ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I completed the acts of my al-‘Umrah and went to my wife before Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on). He (the Imam) said, ‘You owe a badanah.’ I then said, ’When I wanted it she had not done Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) yet, she refused but I over- powered her. She cut something from her hairs with her teeth. He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah has blessed her; she was more knowledgeable in Shari‘ah than you. You owe one badanah but she is not obligated for anything in this matter.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/83)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ مُتَمَتِّعٍ حَلَقَ رَأْسَهُ بِمَكَّةَ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ جَاهِلاً فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَإِنْ تَعَمَّدَ ذَلِكَ فِي أَوَّلِ أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ بِثَلاثِينَ يَوْماً مِنْهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَإِنْ تَعَمَّدَ بَعْدَ الثَّلاثِينَ الَّتِي يُوَفَّرُ فِيهَا الشَّعْرُ لِلْحَجِّ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِ دَماً يُهَرِيقُهُ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ النَّحْرِ أَمَرَّ الْمُوسَى عَلَى رَأْسِهِ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Hadid from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) and has shaved his head in Makkah. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he is ignorant, he is not obligated for anything in this matter. If it is intentional and in the beginning of the months of al-Hajj by thirty days, there is not anything on him; but if it is done intentionally after thirty days during which hairs are left untouched for al-Hajj, then he owes one animal offering to slaughter.’” NOTE: In another Hadith it is said that on the day of ‘Id he is required to pass a shaving blade on his head as if shaving.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/83)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُتَمَتِّعِ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ إِذَا أَحَلَّ أَنْ لا يَلْبَسَ قَمِيصاً وَلْيَتَشَبَّهْ بِالْمُحْرِمِينَ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy from more than one person who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is very proper for one who is for al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous), that after coming out of the state of Ihram, he should not dress up with a shirt to remain like those in the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/84)