135. The Case of One Who Commences al-Sa‘y Before Tawaf or Performs Tawaf but Delays al-Sa‘y

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ طَافَ بِالْكَعْبَةِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَطَافَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ يَطُوفُ إِذْ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ تَرَكَ مِنْ طَوَافِهِ بِالْبَيْتِ قَالَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَيُتِمُّ طَوَافَهُ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَيُتِمُّ مَا بَقِيَ قُلْتُ فَإِنَّهُ بَدَأَ بِالصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَبْدَأَ بِالْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ يَأْتِي الْبَيْتَ فَيَطُوفُ بِهِ ثُمَّ يَسْتَأْنِفُ طَوَافَهُ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قُلْتُ فَمَا فَرْقٌ بَيْنَ هَذَيْنِ قَالَ لأَنَّ هَذَا قَدْ دَخَلَ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الطَّوَافِ وَهَذَا لَمْ يَدْخُلْ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْهُ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf around al-Ka‘bah, then goes to al-Safa’ and al-Marwah to perform Tawaf, and remembers that he has left out certain parts of Tawaf around the House. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go back to the House to complete his Tawaf, then come to al-Safa’ and al-Marwah to complete the remaining parts.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if one begins with al-Safa’ and al-Marwah before the House?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go to the House for Tawaf, then perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah again.’ I asked, ‘What is the difference between the two?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘This has done certain parts of Tawaf and this one has not done anything.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/45)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَطُوفَ بِالْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ يَعُودُ إِلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَيَطُوفُ بَيْنَهُمَا.


2. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mansur ibn Hazim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf (Sa‘y) between al- Safa’ and al-Marwah before Tawaf around the House. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go back to perform Tawaf around the House, then return to perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/46)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَقْدَمُ حَاجّاً وَقَدِ اشْتَدَّ عَلَيْهِ الْحَرُّ فَيَطُوفُ بِالْكَعْبَةِ وَيُؤَخِّرُ السَّعْيَ إِلَى أَنْ يَبْرُدَ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ وَرُبَّمَا فَعَلْتُهُ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who comes for al-Hajj and the heat is intense so he performs Tawaf around al-Ka‘bah and delays Sa‘iy until it becomes cooler. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful. I also may have done so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/46)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ فَيَدْخُلُ وَقْتُ الْعَصْرِ أَ يَسْعَى قَبْلَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ أَوْ يُصَلِّي قَبْلَ أَنْ يَسْعَى قَالَ لا بَلْ يُصَلِّي ثُمَّ يَسْعَى.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from al-ffusayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Rifa’ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf around the House and it becomes time of al-‘Asr; if he must perform Salat (prayer) first or Sa‘iy. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he must perform Salat (prayer) first.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/47)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ فَأَعْيَا أَ يُؤَخِّرُ الطَّوَافَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ إِلَى غَدٍ قَالَ لا.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin who has said the following: “I once asked the Imam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf around the House but he becomes tired; if he can delay Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah until the next day. The Imam said, ‘No, he cannot do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/97)