134. The Case of One Who Performs Tawaf Without Wudu’

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُثَنًّى عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَطُوفُ عَلَى غَيْرِ وُضُوءٍ أَ يَعْتَدُّ بِذَلِكَ الطَّوَافِ قَالَ لا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muthanna’ from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf without wudu’; if such Tawaf is counted. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is not counted.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/44)



2ـ سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ أَ يَنْسُكُ الْمَنَاسِكَ وَهُوَ عَلَى غَيْرِ وُضُوءٍ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِلاَّ الطَّوَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ فَإِنَّ فِيهِ صَلاةً. عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِثْلَهُ.


2. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs the acts of al-Hajj; if he can do them without wudu’. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, except Tawaf around the House; in which there is Salat (prayer).”’ NOTE: Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith.




3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَحَدَهُمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ وَهُوَ عَلَى غَيْرِ طَهُورٍ قَالَ يَتَوَضَّأُ وَيُعِيدُ طَوَافَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ تَطَوُّعاً تَوَضَّأَ وَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs obligatory Tawaf without Tahur (cleansing). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must take wudu’ and do his Tawaf again; even if it is optional, he must take wudu’ and perform Salat (prayer).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/45)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَمْرَكِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ وَهُوَ جُنُبٌ فَذَكَرَ وَهُوَ فِي الطَّوَافِ قَالَ يَقْطَعُ طَوَافَهُ وَلا يَعْتَدُّ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِمَّا طَافَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ عَلَى غَيْرِ وُضُوءٍ قَالَ يَقْطَعُ طَوَافَهُ وَلا يَعْتَدُّ بِهِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-‘Amrakiy ibn Ali from Ali ibn Ja’far who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf around the House when he is involved in sexual relation (because of which Ghusl (bath) is obligatory), but remembers when he is in Tawaf. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must discontinue his Tawaf and you must not consider it valid.’ I then asked him (the Imam) about a man who performs Tawaf and then remembers that he is without wudu’. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must discontinue and it (Tawaf) is not acceptable.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/45)