131. The Case of Mistakes During Tawaf

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ فَلَمْ يَدْرِ سِتَّةً طَافَ أَمْ سَبْعَةً قَالَ فَلْيُعِدْ طَوَافَهُ قُلْتُ فَفَاتَهُ قَالَ مَا أَرَى عَلَيْهِ شَيْئاً وَالإِعَادَةُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ وَأَفْضَلُ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mansur ibn Hazim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs an obligatory Tawaf but does not know if he has done six or seven Tawaf (walking around the House). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must do his Tawaf again.’ I asked, ‘Is that one lost?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘I do not see anything on him but repeating is more beloved and virtuous to me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/37)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ لَمْ يَدْرِ سِتَّةً طَافَ أَوْ سَبْعَةً قَالَ يَسْتَقْبِلُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “About a man who does not know if he has performed six or seven Tawaf (walking around the House), abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He must do his Tawaf again.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/38)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَمَّنْ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ فَلَمْ يَدْرِ سِتَّةً طَافَ أَوْ سَبْعَةً قَالَ يَسْتَقْبِلُ قُلْتُ فَفَاتَهُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr and from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs obligatory Tawaf and does not know if he has done six or seven Tawaf (walking around the House). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must do it again.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/38)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ شَكَّ فِي طَوَافِ الْفَرِيضَةِ قَالَ يُعِيدُ كُلَّمَا شَكَّ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ شَكَّ فِي طَوَافِ نَافِلَةٍ قَالَ يَبْنِي عَلَى الأَقَلِّ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who doubts in obligatory Tawaf. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must do it again whenever he doubts.’ I said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, what if one doubts in optional Tawaf? He (the Imam) said, ‘He considers it to be of the lesser amount.’”




5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ ثَمَانِيَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ الْمَفْرُوضَ قَالَ يُعِيدُ حَتَّى يُثَبِّتَهُ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Yahya al=Bajaliy from Harun ibn Kharijah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs eight times Tawaf (walking around the House) for an obligatory Tawaf. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must perform it again until the right number is established.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/39)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ رَجُلٌ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ فَلَمْ يَدْرِ سِتَّةً طَافَ أَمْ سَبْعَةً أَمْ ثَمَانِيَةً قَالَ يُعِيدُ طَوَافَهُ حَتَّى يَحْفَظَ قُلْتُ فَإِنَّهُ طَافَ وَهُوَ مُتَطَوِّعٌ ثَمَانِيَ مَرَّاتٍ وَهُوَ نَاسٍ قَالَ فَلْيُتِمَّهُ طَوَافَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ فَأَمَّا الْفَرِيضَةَ فَلْيُعِدْ حَتَّى يُتِمَّ سَبْعَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from Sama‘ah ibn Mehran from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs obligatory Tawaf but does not know if he has done six or seven or eight Tawaf (walking around the House). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must repeat until he establishes the right number.’ I then said that he had performed optionally eight times but he forgot. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must complete it in the form of two Tawaf, then perform four Rak‘at Salat (prayer), but in the case of obligatory Tawaf he must repeat until seven times Tawaf (walking around the House) is established.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/39)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا تَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ طَافَ فَأَوْهَمَ فَقَالَ طُفْتُ أَرْبَعَةً أَوْ طُفْتُ ثَلاثَةً فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَيَّ الطَّوَافَيْنِ كَانَ طَوَافَ نَافِلَةٍ أَمْ طَوَافَ فَرِيضَةٍ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ طَوَافَ فَرِيضَةٍ فَلْيُلْقِ مَا فِي يَدِهِ وَلْيَسْتَأْنِفْ وَإِنْ كَانَ طَوَافَ نَافِلَةٍ فَاسْتَيْقَنَ ثَلاثَةً وَهُوَ فِي شَكٍّ مِنَ الرَّابِعِ أَنَّهُ طَافَ فَلْيَبْنِ عَلَى الثَّلاثَةِ فَإِنَّهُ يَجُوزُ لَهُ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Hanan ibn Sadir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Tawaf and is confused if he has performed three or four times Tawaf (walking around the House). Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, said, ‘Was it optional or obligatory Tawaf?’ If it was obligatory Tawaf he had to drop what he had performed to start all over again, but if it was optional and if he was certain of performing three and had doubt about four, he could consider it three; it is permissible.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/40)



8ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الصَّفَا فَطَافَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَبَيْنَا هُوَ يَطُوفُ إِذْ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ تَرَكَ بَعْضَ طَوَافِهِ بِالْبَيْتِ قَالَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَيُتِمُّ طَوَافَهُ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَيُتِمُّ مَا بَقِيَ.


8. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performed Tawaf around the House; and then went to al-Safa’ to perform Tawaf (Sa‘y) between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah, in which he remembered that he had left out a certain part of Tawaf around the House. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go back to the House, then come back to al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and complete the remaining parts.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/40)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ قَالَ سَأَلَهُ سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ وَأَنَا مَعَهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ سِتَّةَ أَشْوَاطٍ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَكَيْفَ يَطُوفُ سِتَّةَ أَشْوَاطٍ قَالَ اسْتَقْبَلَ الْحَجَرَ وَقَالَ الله أَكْبَرُ وَعَقَدَ وَاحِداً فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَطُوفُ شَوْطاً قَالَ سُلَيْمَانُ فَإِنَّهُ فَاتَهُ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى أَتَى أَهْلَهُ قَالَ يَأْمُرُ مَنْ يَطُوفُ عَنْهُ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Hassan ibn ‘Atiyyah who has said the following: “Sulayman ibn Khalid asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when I was there, about a man who performed six times Tawaf (walking around the House). Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, ‘How did he do so? He said, ‘He faced the Black Stone and said, “Takhir (Allah is great beyond description),” made his intention and made it one.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘He makes one time walking around the House?’ Sulayman said, ‘He missed it until he came to his family.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must appoint someone to perform Tawaf on his behalf.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/40)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ أَبِي كَهْمَسٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ نَسِيَ فَطَافَ ثَمَانِيَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ قَالَ إِنْ ذَكَرَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَبْلُغَ الرُّكْنَ فَلْيَقْطَعْهُ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from abu Kahmas who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who because of forgetfulness made eight times Tawaf (walking around the House). He (the Imam) said, ‘If he remembers before reaching the corner he must stop it (the last round of walking around al-Ka’bah).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/41)