Al-Kāfi - Volume 4 > The Case of a Man Who Engages in Carnal Relation with His Wife During Itikaf
Hadith #1

1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمُعْتَكِفِ يُجَامِعُ أَهْلَهُ قَالَ إِذَا فَعَلَ فَعَلَيْهِ مَا عَلَى الْمُظَاهِرِ.

1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of ‘Itikaf engages in sexual intercourse with his wife. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he does it he is required to do what one is required to do because of Zihar’ (calling on oath the back of one’s wife as the back of one’s mother) that is, two consecutive months of fasting.’”



Hadith #2

2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ مُعْتَكِفٍ وَاقَعَ أَهْلَهُ قَالَ هُوَ بِمَنْزِلَةِ مَنْ أَفْطَرَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.

2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran from ‘Abd Allah ibn al- Mughirah from Sanaa ‘ah ibn Mehran who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in ‘Itikaf engages in sexual relation with his wife. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is like one who destroys one day of fast in the month of Ramadan.’”



Hadith #3

3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُعْتَكِفِ يَأْتِي أَهْلَهُ فَقَالَ لا يَأْتِي امْرَأَتَهُ لَيْلاً وَلا نَهَاراً وَهُوَ مُعْتَكِفٌ.

3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who engages in sexual relation with his wife in ‘Itikaf. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must not go to his wife in ‘Itikaf in the day or night while he is in ‘Itikaf.’”