73. People’s Obligation after Having Proof of the New Moon on the Day of ‘Id after Completion of Fasting

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ عَقِيلٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا شَهِدَ عِنْدَ الإِمَامِ شَاهِدَانِ أَنَّهُمَا رَأَيَا الْهِلالَ مُنْذُ ثَلاثِينَ يَوْماً أَمَرَ الإِمَامُ بِالإِفْطَارِ وَصَلَّى فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ إِذَا كَانَا شَهِدَا قَبْلَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ فَإِنْ شَهِدَا بَعْدَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ أَمَرَ الإِمَامُ بِإِفْطَارِ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَأَخَّرَ الصَّلاةَ إِلَى الْغَدِ فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yusuf ibn ‘Aqil from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If two witnesses testify before the Imam to their seeing the new moon after thirty days, the Imam issues a commandment to discontinue fasting. He (the Imam) performs Salat (prayer) on that day if they have seen it before Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime), but if they see it after Zawal, the Imam issues a commandment to discontinue fasting on that day and delays Salat (prayer) for the next day.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/409)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ إِذَا أَصْبَحَ النَّاسُ صِيَاماً وَلَمْ يَرَوُا الْهِلالَ وَجَاءَ قَوْمٌ عُدُولٌ يَشْهَدُونَ عَلَى الرُّؤْيَةِ فَلْيُفْطِرُوا وَلْيَخْرُجُوا مِنَ الْغَدِ أَوَّلَ النَّهَارِ إِلَى عِيدِهِمْ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If people are fasting and have not seen the new moon, then a just people come and testify to their seeing the new moon they must discontinue fasting and on the morning of the next day come out for their ‘Id.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/410)