71. Saying Takbir (Allah Is Great Beyond Description) in the First Night of Shawwal

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ النَّقَّاشِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لِي أَمَا إِنَّ فِي الْفِطْرِ تَكْبِيراً وَلَكِنَّهُ مَسْتُورٌ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَأَيْنَ هُوَ قَالَ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْفِطْرِ فِي الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ الآخِرَةِ وَفِي صَلاةِ الْفَجْرِ وَفِي صَلاةِ الْعِيدِ ثُمَّ يُقْطَعُ قَالَ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ أَقُولُ قَالَ تَقُولُ الله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَالله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ وَلله الْحَمْدُ الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ يَعْنِي الصِّيَامَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا الله عَلى‏ ما هَداكُمْ. عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ مِثْلَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Khalaf ibn Hammad from Sa‘id al-Naqqash who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to me, ‘On al-Fitr (first day of the month of Shawwal), there is Takbir (saying ‘Allah is great beyond description’), and it is Mastur (masnun) optional.’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘Where is it?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is during the night of al-Fitr, in Maghrib and ‘Isha’, in salat (prayer) and in salat (prayer) of ‘Id, and then it is discontinued.’ I (the narrator) then asked, ‘How do I say it?’ He (the Imam) replied, say, ‘Allah is great beyond description, Allah is great beyond description, only Allah deserves worship, Allah is great beyond description, Allah is great beyond description, All praise belongs to Allah, Allah is great beyond description; He has granted us guidance. This is in the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, “So you can complete the number (fasting)’, (2:182) and say, ‘Allah is great beyond description; He had granted you guidance.””” NOTE: A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from Khalaf ibn Hammad a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول وسنده الثاني ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/405)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ تُكَبِّرُ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ وَصَبِيحَةَ الْفِطْرِ كَمَا تُكَبِّرُ فِي الْعَشْرِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Muhammad ibn abu Hamzah from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that you should say Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) in the night and in the morning of al-Fitr just as you say it during the tenth (day of the month of Dhu al-Hajjah).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/406)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ الْمَغْفِرَةَ تَنْزِلُ عَلَى مَنْ صَامَ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فَقَالَ يَا حَسَنُ إِنَّ الْقَارِيجَارَ إِنَّمَا يُعْطَى أُجْرَتَهُ عِنْدَ فَرَاغِهِ ذَلِكَ لَيْلَةَ الْعِيدِ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَعْمَلَ فِيهَا فَقَالَ إِذَا غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَاغْتَسِلْ وَإِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الثَّلاثَ الْمَغْرِبِ فَارْفَعْ يَدَيْكَ وَقُلْ يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ يَا ذَا الطَّوْلِ يَا ذَا الْجُودِ يَا مُصْطَفِياً مُحَمَّداً وَنَاصِرَهُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ وَاغْفِرْ لِي كُلَّ ذَنْبٍ أَذْنَبْتُهُ أَحْصَيْتَهُ عَلَيَّ وَنَسِيتُهُ وَهُوَ عِنْدَكَ فِي كِتَابِكَ وَتَخِرُّ سَاجِداً وَتَقُولُ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ أَتُوبُ إِلَى الله وَأَنْتَ سَاجِدٌ وَتَسْأَلُ حَوَائِجَكَ. وَرُوِيَ أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِيهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ يَقْرَأُ فِي الأُولَى الْحَمْدَ وَقُلْ هُوَ الله أَحَدٌ أَلْفَ مَرَّةٍ وَفِي الثَّانِيَةِ الْحَمْدَ وَقُلْ هُوَ الله أَحَدٌ مَرَّةً وَاحِدَةً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Qasim ibn Yahya from his grandfather, al-Hassan ibn Rashid who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘People say that forgiveness descends upon the fasting people during the month of Ramadan in the night of destiny.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘O al- Hassan, al-Qarijar (a worker) receives his wages upon completion of his task on the night of ‘Id (first of Shawwal).’ I then said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, what then should we do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘When it is sunset, take a shower, and when you complete al-Maghrib salat (prayer), raise your hands and say, “O Generous, O Benevolent, O Munificent, O the One who chose Muhammad and helped him, I appeal before You to grant salawat (favors and compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause). Forgive all of my sins that I have committed and You have counted against me, but I have forgotten them and they are before You in Your book.” Then bow down for prostration and say one hundred times, “I turn in repentance to Allah” while prostrating and ask for your wishes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/407)



وَرُوِيَ أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِيهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ يَقْرَأُ فِي الأُولَى الْحَمْدَ وَقُلْ هُوَ الله أَحَدٌ أَلْفَ مَرَّةٍ وَفِي الثَّانِيَةِ الْحَمْدَ وَقُلْ هُوَ الله أَحَدٌ مَرَّةً وَاحِدَةً.


4. It is narrated that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, would perform two Rak‘at salat (prayer). In the first Rak‘at, he would read Chapter 1 and (then) 112 of the Holy Quran one thousand times. In the second Rak‘at, he would read Chapter 1 and 112 once only.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/407)