54. The Case of One Who Involves Himself in Carnal Relations with His Wife on a Journey or Returns from a Journey in the Month of Ramadan

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُسَافِرُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَ لَهُ أَنْ يُصِيبَ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who travels in the month of Ramadan: if he can have sexual relation with women. He (the Imam) said, ’Yes, he can do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/337)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَهْلٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَتَى أَهْلَهُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَهُوَ مُسَافِرٌ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Sahl [from his father] who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who experiences sexual relation with his wife in the month of Ramadan during a journey. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/337)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ الْهَاشِمِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ يَعْنِي مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُجَامِعُ أَهْلَهُ فِي السَّفَرِ وَهُوَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ.


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Utbah al-Hashimiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who experiences sexual relation with his wife during a journey in the month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/337)



4ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُسَافِرُ وَمَعَهُ جَارِيَةٌ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ هَلْ يَقَعُ عَلَيْهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ.


4. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from abu al-‘Abbas who has said the following: “This is about a man who experiences sexual relation with a slave-girl while on a journey in the month of Ramadan. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/338)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُسَافِرُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَمَعَهُ جَارِيَةٌ لَهُ فَلَهُ أَنْ يُصِيبَ مِنْهَا بِالنَّهَارِ فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ الله أَ مَا تَعْرِفُ حُرْمَةَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِنَّ لَهُ فِي اللَّيْلِ سَبْحاً طَوِيلاً قُلْتُ أَ لَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ وَيَشْرَبَ وَيُقَصِّرَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى قَدْ رَخَّصَ لِلْمُسَافِرِ فِي الإِفْطَارِ وَالتَّقْصِيرِ رَحْمَةً وَتَخْفِيفاً لِمَوْضِعِ التَّعَبِ وَالنَّصَبِ وَوَعْثِ السَّفَرِ وَلَمْ يُرَخِّصْ لَهُ فِي مُجَامَعَةِ النِّسَاءِ فِي السَّفَرِ بِالنَّهَارِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَأَوْجَبَ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاءَ الصِّيَامِ وَلَمْ يُوجِبْ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاءَ تَمَامِ الصَّلاةِ إِذَا آبَ مِنْ سَفَرِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَالسُّنَّةُ لا تُقَاسُ وَإِنِّي إِذَا سَافَرْتُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مَا آكُلُ إِلاَّ الْقُوتَ وَمَا أَشْرَبُ كُلَّ الرِّيِّ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who travels in the month of Ramadan and with him there is his slave-girl: if he can experience sexual relation with her during the day in the month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah is free of all defects. Does he not recognize any respect for the month of Ramadan and that during the night there is a long time for him?’ I then asked, ‘Can he not eat, drink and reduce his Salat (prayer)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah, most Blessed, most High, has granted permission to stop fasting and reduce one’s Salat (prayer) while on a journey. It is as a mercy and to provide ease for him; he becomes tired because of the difficulties of traveling. He has not granted permission to have sexual relation with a woman on a journey during the day in the month of Ramadan. He has made Qada’ (compensatory fast) of the fast of the month of Ramadan obligatory on him but He has not made Qada’ (compensatory) Salat (prayer) in complete form obligatory when he returns from his journey.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘It is not permissible to measure the Sunnah by means of analogy. When I travel in the month of Ramadan I do not eat more than bare necessities and do not drink to completely quench my thirst.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/338)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ الأَحْمَرِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَأْتِي جَارِيَتَهُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ بِالنَّهَارِ فِي السَّفَرِ فَقَالَ مَا عَرَفَ هَذَا حَقَّ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِنَّ لَهُ فِي اللَّيْلِ سَبْحاً طَوِيلاً. قَالَ الْكُلَيْنِيُّ الْفَضْلُ عِنْدِي أَنْ يُوَقِّرَ الرَّجُلُ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ وَيُمْسِكَ عَنِ النِّسَاءِ فِي السَّفَرِ بِالنَّهَارِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ تَغْلِبُهُ الشَّهْوَةُ وَيَخَافُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ فَقَدْ رُخِّصَ لَهُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ الْحَلالَ كَمَا رُخِّصَ لِلْمُسَافِرِ الَّذِي لا يَجِدُ الْمَاءَ إِذَا غَلَبَهُ الشَّبَقُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ الْحَلالَ قَالَ وَيُؤْجَرُ فِي ذَلِكَ كَمَا أَنَّهُ إِذَا أَتَى الْحَرَامَ أَثِمَ.


6. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Ahmar from ‘Abd Allah ibn Hammad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who experiences sexual relation with his slave-girl on a journey in the month of Ramadan during the day. He (the Imam) said, ‘He has not recognized any respect for the month of Ramadan even though there is a long time during the night.’” NOTE: Al-Kulayniy has said that it is better for one to pay respect to the month of Ramadan and abstain from sexual relation during the day. However, if one is overpowered by lust and is afraid from his soul in which case it is permissible to have what is lawful. It is as is permissible for a traveler who does not find water, when desire overpowers him, to have what is lawful. He has said that one receives rewards for it just as it is a sin when he commits something unlawful.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/339)