46. The Case of One Who Becomes a Muslim during the Month of Ramadan

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَسْلَمَ فِي النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مَا عَلَيْهِ مِنْ صِيَامِهِ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ مَا أَسْلَمَ فِيهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of one who becomes a Muslim in the middle of the month of Ramadan, if he owes any fast. He (the Imam) said, ‘There is no fast upon him except that (day) in which he has become a Muslim.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/323)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) أَنَّ عَلِيّاً صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ أَسْلَمَ فِي نِصْفِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ مَا يَسْتَقْبِلُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah ibn Sadaqah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about one who accepts Islam in the middle of the month of Ramadan would say that he is not obligated for anything of fasting except for the coming days.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/324)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَوْمٍ أَسْلَمُوا فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَقَدْ مَضَى مِنْهُ أَيَّامٌ هَلْ عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْ يَصُومُوا مَا مَضَى مِنْهُ أَوْ يَوْمَهُمُ الَّذِي أَسْلَمُوا فِيهِ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِمْ قَضَاءٌ وَلا يَوْمُهُمُ الَّذِي أَسْلَمُوا فِيهِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونُوا أَسْلَمُوا قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Is ibn al-Qasim who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a people who accept Islam in the month of Ramadan from which several days have passed; if there is any fast upon them of the past days or that it is just the day in which they accepted Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘They are not obligated for anything, not even the day in which they accept Islam except if they accept Islam before dawn.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/324)