32. A Fasting Person’s Use of Perfumes

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) أَنَّ عَلِيّاً صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ كَرِهَ الْمِسْكَ أَنْ يَتَطَيَّبَ بِهِ الصَّائِمُ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya, from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim from Ja’far from his father who has narrated the following: “’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, disliked the use of musk by a fasting person.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/293)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفَيْضِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَنْهَى عَنِ النَّرْجِسِ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ لِمَ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لأَنَّهُ رَيْحَانُ الأَعَاجِمِ. وَأَخْبَرَنِي بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا أَنَّ الأَعَاجِمَ كَانَتْ تَشَمُّهُ إِذَا صَامُوا وَقَالُوا إِنَّهُ يُمْسِكُ الْجُوعَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from Dawud ibn Ishaq al-Hadhdha’ from Muhammad ibn al-Fayd who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, prohibiting the use of Narcissus. I then said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, why is that? He (the Imam) said, ’Because it is the perfume of non- Arabs.’ Certain persons of our people have narrated that non- Arabs wear this perfume when fasting and say that it suppresses hunger.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/294)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْفَضْلِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا صَامَ تَطَيَّبَ بِالطِّيبِ وَيَقُولُ الطِّيبُ تُحْفَةُ الصَّائِمِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from his father ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Fadl al- Nawfaliy from al-Hassan ibn Rashid who has said the following: “Abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when fasting would use perfumes and say that perfume is the gift of fasting person.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/294)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الصَّائِمُ يَشَمُّ الرَّيْحَانَ وَالطِّيبَ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ. وَرُوِيَ أَنَّهُ لا يَشَمُّ الرَّيْحَانَ لأَنَّهُ يُكْرَهُ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَلَذَّذَ بِهِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan, from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’Can a fasting person smell sweet basil and perfumes?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’” It is narrated that he (the Imam) would not smell sweet basil because of his dislike to enjoy such pleasure.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/295)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْحَائِضُ تَقْضِي الصَّلاةَ قَالَ لا قُلْتُ تَقْضِي الصَّوْمَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ مِنْ أَيْنَ جَاءَ ذَا قَالَ إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَنْ قَاسَ إِبْلِيسُ قُلْتُ وَالصَّائِمُ يَسْتَنْقِعُ فِي الْمَاءِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَيَبُلُّ ثَوْباً عَلَى جَسَدِهِ قَالَ لا قُلْتُ مِنْ أَيْنَ جَاءَ ذَا قَالَ مِنْ ذَاكَ قُلْتُ الصَّائِمُ يَشَمُّ الرَّيْحَانَ قَالَ لا لأَنَّهُ لَذَّةٌ وَيُكْرَهُ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَلَذَّذَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Hassan ibn ‘Rashid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if a woman because of Hayd (menses) is required to make Qada’ (compensatory) Salat (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ’No, she is not required.’ I then asked about fasting. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, she must make Qada’ (compensatory fast for) fasting missed during experiencing Hayd (menses).’ I then asked on what basis it is so.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The first one who used analogy was Iblis (Satan).’ I then asked, ‘Can a person fasting stay in water?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’ I then asked, ‘Can he wear wet clothes?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he cannot do so.’ I then asked, ‘On what basis is this?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is from that (there is no analogizing in religion)’ I asked, ‘Can a fasting person use sweet basil?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, because it is a pleasure which is undesirable to enjoy.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/295)