3. About the One Who Serves Food to a Fasting Person

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ صَاحِبِ السَّابِرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ فَطَّرَ صَائِماً فَلَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Safmah, Sahib af-Sabiriy from abu af-Sabbah af-Kinaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the reward for one who serves food to a fasting person is equal to the reward for the fasting person for his fasting.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/211)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فِطْرُكَ أَخَاكَ الصَّائِمَ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صِيَامِكَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Sa‘dan ibn Muslim from Musa ibn Bakr who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Your serving food to your fasting brother (in belief) is better than your fasting.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/211)



3ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ سَيَابَةَ عَنْ ضُرَيْسٍ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ حُمْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) إِذَا كَانَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي يَصُومُ فِيهِ أَمَرَ بِشَاةٍ فَتُذْبَحُ وَتُقْطَعُ أَعْضَاءً وَتُطْبَخُ فَإِذَا كَانَ عِنْدَ الْمَسَاءِ أَكَبَّ عَلَى الْقُدُورِ حَتَّى يَجِدَ رِيحَ الْمَرَقِ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ هَاتُوا الْقِصَاعَ اغْرِفُوا لآِلِ فُلانٍ وَاغْرِفُوا لآِلِ فُلانٍ ثُمَّ يُؤْتَى بِخُبْزٍ وَتَمْرٍ فَيَكُونُ ذَلِكَ عَشَاءَهُ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى آبَائِهِ.


3. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ali has narrated from Ali ibn Asbat, from Sayabah from Durays from Hamzah ibn Humran who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that on the first day of his fasting, Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would ask his people to prepare a sheep for food. In the evening, the cooking pots gave out a fine fragrance while he was fasting, and he would then say, ‘Fill up this pot for the family of so and so and fill up this one for the family of so and so.’ He would then ask for bread and dates for his own dinner. May Allah grant him and his ancestors the compensation worthy of their service to His cause.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/211)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ دَخَلَ سَدِيرٌ عَلَى أَبِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ يَا سَدِيرُ هَلْ تَدْرِي أَيُّ اللَّيَالِي هَذِهِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فِدَاكَ أَبِي هَذِهِ لَيَالِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَمَا ذَاكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَ تَقْدِرُ عَلَى أَنْ تُعْتِقَ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ هَذِهِ اللَّيَالِي عَشْرَ رَقَبَاتٍ مِنْ وُلْدِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ فَقَالَ لَهُ سَدِيرٌ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي لا يَبْلُغُ مَالِي ذَاكَ فَمَا زَالَ يَنْقُصُ حَتَّى بَلَغَ بِهِ رَقَبَةً وَاحِدَةً فِي كُلِّ ذَلِكَ يَقُولُ لا أَقْدِرُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ فَمَا تَقْدِرُ أَنْ تُفَطِّرَ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ رَجُلاً مُسْلِماً فَقَالَ لَهُ بَلَى وَعَشَرَةً فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَذَاكَ الَّذِي أَرَدْتُ يَا سَدِيرُ إِنَّ إِفْطَارَكَ أَخَاكَ الْمُسْلِمَ يَعْدِلُ رَقَبَةً مِنْ وُلْدِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ع.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Harun ibn Muslim from Mas’adah from abu ‘Abd Allah, from his father, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who has said the following: “Once, during the month of Ramadan, Sadir went to visit abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. The Imam asked, ‘O Sadir, do you know which nights are these days?’ He replied, ‘Yes, I pray to Allah to keep my soul and the soul of my father in service for your cause, these are the nights of the month of Ramadan, but what do they signify?’ The Imam then said, ‘Can you set free ten slaves from the descendants of Isma‘il in every one of these nights?’ Sadir replied, ‘I pray to Allah to keep the souls of my parents in service for your cause, my belongings are not that much.’ The Imam then reduced the number of slaves until it was only one slave, but he kept saying, ‘My belongings are not enough.’ The Imam then asked, ‘Can you serve food to a Muslim every night.’ He replied, ‘Yes, I can do so. I can even serve food to ten people every night.’ The Imam then said, ‘That is what I meant, O Sadir. Your serving food to your Muslim brother is equal in reward to setting free of ten slaves from the descendants of Isma‘il.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/211)