24. The Case of One Who Experiences a Wet-Dream During the Night in the Month of Ramadan or at Other Times and Does Not Shower before Dawn or It Occurs During the Night or Day

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي رَجُلٍ احْتَلَمَ أَوَّلَ اللَّيْلِ أَوْ أَصَابَ مِنْ أَهْلِهِ ثُمَّ نَامَ مُتَعَمِّداً فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ حَتَّى أَصْبَحَ قَالَ يُتِمُّ صَوْمَهُ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ يَقْضِيهِ إِذَا أَفْطَرَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُ رَبَّهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who experiences a wet dream during the night in the month of Ramadan or has sexual intercourse with his wife; then goes to sleep intentionally in the month of Ramadan until the morning. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to complete that fast and make its Qada’ (compensatory fast) if he invalidates the fast of the month of Ramadan. He must ask his Lord for forgiveness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/278)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُصِيبُ الْجَارِيَةَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ يَنَامُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَغْتَسِلَ قَالَ يُتِمُّ صَوْمَهُ وَيَقْضِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَسْتَيْقِظَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَطْلُعَ الْفَجْرُ فَإِنِ انْتَظَرَ مَاءً يُسَخَّنُ أَوْ يَسْتَقِي فَطَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ فَلا يَقْضِي يَوْمَهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about a man who approaches the slave-girl in the month of Ramadan; then goes to sleep without Ghusl (bath). He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to complete that fast and fast its Qada’ (compensatory fast), unless he wakes up before dawn and waits to warm up the water or looks for water but it becomes dawn then there is no Qada’ (compensatory fast) upon him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/279)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُجْنِبُ ثُمَّ يَنَامُ حَتَّى يُصْبِحَ أَ يَصُومُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ تَطَوُّعاً فَقَالَ أَ لَيْسَ هُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ نِصْفِ النَّهَارِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَحْتَلِمُ بِالنَّهَارِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ يُتِمُّ صَوْمَهُ كَمَا هُوَ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who experiences sexual relation (because of which Ghusl (bath) is obligatory); then goes to sleep until the morning, if he can fast that day an optional fast. He (the Imam) said, ‘Up till midday it is up to his choosing.’ I then asked about a man who experiences wet dream during the day in the month of Ramadan; if he completes his fast as it is. He (the Imam) said, ‘It (completing) is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/279)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ كَتَبَ أَبِي إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَكَانَ يَقْضِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ وَقَالَ إِنِّي أَصْبَحْتُ بِالْغُسْلِ وَأَصَابَتْنِي جَنَابَةٌ فَلَمْ أَغْتَسِلْ حَتَّى طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ فَأَجَابَهُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لا تَصُمْ هَذَا الْيَوْمَ وَصُمْ غَداً.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Hajjal from ibn Sinan who has said the following: “My father, once, when doing Qada’ (compensatory fast) of the fast of the month of Ramadan, wrote to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked, ‘I, up till the morning, had Ghusl (bath); then experienced sexual relation (because of which Ghusl (bath) is obligatory) and I did not do Ghusl (bath) until it was dawn. He (the Imam) said, ‘Do not fast that day, fast the next day.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/279)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُجْنِبُ بِاللَّيْلِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَنَسِيَ أَنْ يَغْتَسِلَ حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ بِذَلِكَ جُمْعَةٌ أَوْ يَخْرُجَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاءُ الصَّلاةِ وَالصَّوْمِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Ali ibn Ri’ab from Ibrahim ibn Maymun who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who experiences sexual relation (because of which Ghusl (bath) is obligatory) during the night in the month of Ramadan and forgets Ghusl (bath) for a whole week or the whole month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to make Qada’ (compensatory fast) Salat (prayer) and the fast.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/280)