22. The Case of One Who Knowingly Eats or Is Involved in Carnal Relation During the Month of Ramadan

Back to book

1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أَفْطَرَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُتَعَمِّداً يَوْماً وَاحِداً مِنْ غَيْرِ عُذْرٍ قَالَ يُعْتِقُ نَسَمَةً أَوْ يَصُومُ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ أَوْ يُطْعِمُ سِتِّينَ مِسْكِيناً فَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ تَصَدَّقَ بِمَا يُطِيقُ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan fbn Mahbub from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “This is about a man who knowingly eats without good reason in the month of Ramadan one day. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He for one day (of destroying his fast) is required to either set free a slave, fast for two consecutive months, or feed sixty destitute people. If he cannot do any of the above, he must give charity of whatever amount he is able to do.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/272)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَفْطَرَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُتَعَمِّداً فَقَالَ إِنَّ رَجُلاً أَتَى النَّبِيَّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ هَلَكْتُ يَا رَسُولَ الله فَقَالَ مَا لَكَ فَقَالَ النَّارَ يَا رَسُولَ الله قَالَ وَمَا لَكَ قَالَ وَقَعْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي قَالَ تَصَدَّقْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ فَوَ الَّذِي عَظَّمَ حَقَّكَ مَا تَرَكْتُ فِي الْبَيْتِ شَيْئاً لا قَلِيلاً وَلا كَثِيراً قَالَ فَدَخَلَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ بِمِكْتَلٍ مِنْ تَمْرٍ فِيهِ عِشْرُونَ صَاعاً يَكُونُ عَشَرَةَ أَصْوُعٍ بِصَاعِنَا فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) خُذْ هَذَا التَّمْرَ فَتَصَدَّقْ بِهِ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ الله عَلَى مَنْ أَتَصَدَّقُ بِهِ وَقَدْ أَخْبَرْتُكَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِي بَيْتِي قَلِيلٌ وَلا كَثِيرٌ قَالَ فَخُذْهُ وَأَطْعِمْهُ عِيَالَكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرِ الله قَالَ فَلَمَّا خَرَجْنَا قَالَ أَصْحَابُنَا إِنَّهُ بَدَأَ بِالْعِتْقِ فَقَالَ أَعْتِقْ أَوْ صُمْ أَوْ تَصَدَّقْ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who purposely destroys one day of the fast of the month of Ramadan. He (the Imam) said, ‘Once a man came to the Holy prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and said, “O Messenger of Allah!” He (the Messenger of Allah) replied, “What is the matter with you?” He replied, “I fell on my wife.” He (the Messenger of Allah) said, “Give charity and repent.” He (the man) said, “I swear by the One who has made your right great, there is nothing in my house small and very little or large and a great deal.” He (the Imam) said that a man then came with a massive bushel of dates which was twenty Sa‘, each of which was equal to ten of our Sa‘. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said to him (the man), “Take this and give it as charity.” He (the man) said, “O Messenger of Allah, to whom should I give this charity when I have told you that in my house there is nothing little or a great deal.” He (the Messenger of Allah) said, “Take it and feed your family and ask Allah for forgiveness.’” He (the narrator) has said that when we came out (of the meeting) our people told us that expiation is to set free a slave saying, ‘Set free a slave, fast or give charity.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن لا يقصر عن الصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/272)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَلَمْ يَجِدْ مَا يَتَصَدَّقُ بِهِ عَلَى سِتِّينَ مِسْكِيناً قَالَ يَتَصَدَّقُ بِقَدْرِ مَا يُطِيقُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who falls upon his wife (performs sexual relation) and does not find anything to give as charity to sixty destitute people. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to give charity as much as he can.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/274)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَعْبَثُ بِأَهْلِهِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ حَتَّى يُمْنِيَ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْكَفَّارَةِ مِثْلُ مَا عَلَى الَّذِي يُجَامِعُ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the month of Ramadan plays with his wife until semen discharge takes place. He (the Imam) said, ‘The expiation because of it is like that for having sexual intercourse.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/274)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ شَهِدَ عَلَيْهِ شُهُودٌ أَنَّهُ أَفْطَرَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثَلاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ قَالَ يُسْأَلُ هَلْ عَلَيْكَ فِي إِفْطَارِكَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِثْمٌ فَإِنْ قَالَ لا فَإِنَّ عَلَى الإِمَامِ أَنْ يَقْتُلَهُ وَإِنْ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَإِنَّ عَلَى الإِمَامِ أَنْ يَنْهَكَهُ ضَرْباً.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from Burayd al- ‘ Ij liy who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man against whom witnesses testify that he has destroyed his fast of the month of Ramadan for three days. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is asked, ‘Is there a sin upon you because of destroying your fast of the month of Ramadan?’ If he says, ‘No, there is no sin,’ then it is the responsibility of the Imam to execute him. If he says, ‘Yes, there is sin, then it is the responsibility of the Imam to reprimand him.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/274)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ وُجِدَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَقَدْ أَفْطَرَ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ وَقَدْ رُفِعَ إِلَى الإِمَامِ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ قَالَ يُقْتَلُ فِي الثَّالِثَةِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah, who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who destroys his fast in the month of Ramadan three times and is brought before the Imam three times. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is executed on the third time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/275)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ سُوقَةَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُلاعِبُ أَهْلَهُ أَوْ جَارِيَتَهُ وَهُوَ فِي قَضَاءِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَيَسْبِقُهُ الْمَاءُ فَيُنْزِلُ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْكَفَّارَةِ مِثْلُ مَا عَلَى الَّذِي يُجَامِعُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn Sawqah from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who plays with his wife or slave-girl while fasting for Qada’ (compensatory fast) of the month of Ramadan until semen discharge takes place. He (the Imam) said, ‘Its expiation is like that for having sexual intercourse in the month of Ramadan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/275)



8ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَفْطَرَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُتَعَمِّداً قَالَ يَتَصَدَّقُ بِعِشْرِينَ صَاعاً وَيَقْضِي مَكَانَهُ.


8. Humayd ibn Yazid has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who destroys his fast in the month of Ramadan purposely. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is required to give twenty Sa‘ in charity and make Qada’ (compensatory fast) that fast.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/275)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُنْدَارَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ الأَحْمَرِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أَتَى امْرَأَتَهُ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ وَهِيَ صَائِمَةٌ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ اسْتَكْرَهَهَا فَعَلَيْهِ كَفَّارَتَانِ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ طَاوَعَتْهُ فَعَلَيْهِ كَفَّارَةٌ وَعَلَيْهَا كَفَّارَةٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَكْرَهَهَا فَعَلَيْهِ ضَرْبُ خَمْسِينَ سَوْطاً نِصْفِ الْحَدِّ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ طَاوَعَتْهُ ضُرِبَ خَمْسَةً وَعِشْرِينَ سَوْطاً وَضُرِبَتْ خَمْسَةً وَعِشْرِينَ سَوْطاً.


9. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Bandar has narrated from Ibrahim ibn Ishaq al-Ahmar from ‘Abd Allah ibn Hammad from al-Mufaddal ibn ‘Umar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs sexual intercourse with his wife when both are fasting. He (the Imam) said, ‘If she dislikes it, then he is responsible for the expiation for two people. If she is consenting, then he owes one expiation and she owes one expiation. If he forces her, there is fifty lashes on him which is half of the complete punishment, and if she is consenting, there is twenty- five lashes on him and twenty- five on her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/275)