21. The Case of One who Eats or Drinks out of Forgetfulness During the Month of Ramadan

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ نَسِيَ فَأَكَلَ وَشَرِبَ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ قَالَ لا يُفْطِرْ إِنَّمَا هُوَ شَيْ‏ءٌ رَزَقَهُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَلْيُتِمَّ صَوْمَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who because of forgetfulness eats and drinks and then remembers. He (the Imam) said, ‘His fast is not destroyed. It was something Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, granted him. He is required to complete his fast (of that day).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/271)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ صَامَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَأَكَلَ وَشَرِبَ نَاسِياً قَالَ يُتِمُّ صَوْمَهُ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قَضَاؤُهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah, who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who because of forgetfulness when fasting in the month of Ramadan eats and drinks. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is not required to complete its Qada’ (compensatory fast).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/271)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَنْسَى فَيَأْكُلُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ قَالَ يُتِمُّ صَوْمَهُ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَطْعَمَهُ الله إِيَّاهُ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Dawud ibn Sarhan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who out of forgetfulness eats and drinks in the month of Ramadan, has said, ‘He completes his fast, it is only something Allah fed him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/271)