9. Giving Charity to Those Whom One Does Not Know

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ سَدِيرٍ الصَّيْرَفِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أُطْعِمُ سَائِلاً لا أَعْرِفُهُ مُسْلِماً فَقَالَ نَعَمْ أَعْطِ مَنْ لا تَعْرِفُهُ بِوَلايَةٍ وَلا عَدَاوَةٍ لِلْحَقِّ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ وَقُولُوا لِلنَّاسِ حُسْناً وَلا تُطْعِمْ مَنْ نَصَبَ لِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الْحَقِّ أَوْ دَعَا إِلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الْبَاطِلِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Sadir al-Sayrafiy who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I know someone is asking for help, but I do not know if he is a Muslim or not.’ The Imam said, ‘You can give charity to one whom you do not know is a friend or enemy of the truth. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has said, “Say good words to people.” (2:83) Do not give charity to those who are hostile to the truth or call people to something of falsehood.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/140)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْفَضْلِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ السَّائِلِ يَسْأَلُ وَلا يُدْرَى مَا هُوَ قَالَ أَعْطِ مَنْ وَقَعَتْ لَهُ الرَّحْمَةُ فِي قَلْبِكَ وَقَالَ أَعْطِ دُونَ الدِّرْهَمِ قُلْتُ أَكْثَرُ مَا يُعْطَى قَالَ أَرْبَعَةُ دَوَانِيقَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Fadl al-Nawfaliy from his father who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about giving charity to an unidentified person. He replied, ‘You can give charity to one for whom you feel sympathy in your heart.’ He said, ‘Give him less than a dirham.’ I asked, ‘What is the maximum I can give?’ He replied, ‘It is four Dawaniq (a certain measurement of things).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/140)