43. The Rare Ahadith

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنْ تُبْدُوا الصَّدَقاتِ فَنِعِمَّا هِيَ قَالَ يَعْنِي الزَّكَاةَ الْمَفْرُوضَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ تُخْفُوها وَتُؤْتُوهَا الْفُقَراءَ قَالَ يَعْنِي النَّافِلَةَ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَسْتَحِبُّونَ إِظْهَارَ الْفَرَائِضِ وَكِتْمَانَ النَّوَافِلِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from a man who has said the following: “This is about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘If you pay charity in public, it still is fine. . (2:270) Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, Tt is about obligatory zakat.’ I (the narrator) then mentioned Allah’s words that say, ‘If they hide it and give to the poor. . . .’ (2:270) The Imam said, ‘This is about optional charity. They liked to pay obligatory zakat publicly and the optional zakat out of public sight.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/192)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الزَّكَاةِ تَجِبُ عَلَيَّ فِي مَوْضِعٍ لا يُمْكِنُنِي أَنْ أُؤَدِّيَهَا قَالَ اعْزِلْهَا فَإِنِ اتَّجَرْتَ بِهَا فَأَنْتَ ضَامِنٌ لَهَا وَلَهَا الرِّبْحُ وَإِنْ تَوِيَتْ فِي حَالِ مَا عَزَلْتَهَا مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ تَشْغَلَهَا فِي تِجَارَةٍ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَعْزِلْهَا وَاتَّجَرْتَ بِهَا فِي جُمْلَةِ مَالِكَ فَلَهَا بِقِسْطِهَا مِنَ الرِّبْحِ وَلا وَضِيعَةَ عَلَيْهَا.


2. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from those who narrated to him from Mu‘alla’ ibn ‘Ubayd, from Ali ibn abu Hamzah, from his father who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about an amount of zakat which has become obligatory for me to pay in a place where I cannot pay. He said, ‘Keep the amount on one side. If you do business with it, you are responsible for it and for its profit. If you die after keeping the amount on the side and without doing any business with it, you are not liable for anything. If you do business with it along with the rest of your other properties, then the profit is proportionately divided and there is no deduction (for expenses) from that amount (of zakat).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/192)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَاصِمٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَتَصَدَّقُ بِالسُّكَّرِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَ تَتَصَدَّقُ بِالسُّكَّرِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَحَبَّ إِلَيَّ مِنْهُ فَأَنَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَتَصَدَّقَ بِأَحَبِّ الأَشْيَاءِ إِلَيَّ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn Shu’ayb from al-Husayn ibn al-Hassan from ‘Asem from Yunus from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: ”Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was seen giving sugar for charity. Someone asked, ‘Do you give sugar for charity?’ He (Imam) replied, ‘Yes, there is not anything more beloved to me than sugar, so I love to give for charity what is most beloved to me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/193)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ مُوَسَّعٌ عَلَى شِيعَتِنَا أَنْ يُنْفِقُوا مِمَّا فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ فَإِذَا قَامَ قَائِمُنَا حَرَّمَ عَلَى كُلِّ ذِي كَنْزٍ كَنْزَهُ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ بِهِ فَيَسْتَعِينَ بِهِ عَلَى عَدُوِّهِ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَالَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ وَلا يُنْفِقُونَها فِي سَبِيلِ الله فَبَشِّرْهُمْ بِعَذابٍ أَلِيمٍ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Mu’adh ibn Kathir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, Tt is permissible for our followers to spend as Benevolent Assistance from whatever they possess. When the one with Divine Authority will rise, it will then become unlawful for all possessors of treasure not to bring it to him so he can use it to overcome his enemies. This is stated in the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Those who treasure gold and silver and do not spend them for the cause of Allah, inform them of the painful torment that awaits them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/193)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ حَصِّنُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بِالزَّكَاةِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Hassan from Musa ibn Bakr who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Fortify your belongings by paying zakat.’”