20. Benevolent Assistance (Optional Charity as Opposed to Compulsory Ones)

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْخَالِقِ الْجُعْفِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ مِنْ بَقَاءِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَبَقَاءِ الإِسْلامِ أَنْ تَصِيرَ الأَمْوَالُ عِنْدَ مَنْ يَعْرِفُ فِيهَا الْحَقَّ وَيَصْنَعُ فِيهَا الْمَعْرُوفَ فَإِنَّ مِنْ فَنَاءِ الإِسْلامِ وَفَنَاءِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ أَنْ تَصِيرَ الأَمْوَالُ فِي أَيْدِي مَنْ لا يَعْرِفُ فِيهَا الْحَقَّ وَلا يَصْنَعُ فِيهَا الْمَعْرُوفَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Isma‘il ibn ‘Abdul Khaliq al-Ju’fiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one of the elements that preserve the Muslims and Islam is when wealth goes to those who understand that there are payable dues on wealth and who make Benevolent Assistance part of their normal practice. One of the destructive elements to Islam and the Muslims is when wealth goes to those who do not acknowledge the existence of any rights due on wealth and who do not make Benevolent Assistance part of their normal practice.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/152)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ جَعَلَ لِلْمَعْرُوفِ أَهْلاً مِنْ خَلْقِهِ حَبَّبَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَعَالَهُ وَوَجَّهَ لِطُلاَّبِ الْمَعْرُوفِ الطَّلَبَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَيَسَّرَ لَهُمْ قَضَاءَهُ كَمَا يَسَّرَ الْغَيْثَ لِلأَرْضِ الْمُجْدِبَةِ لِيُحْيِيَهَا وَيُحْيِيَ بِهِ أَهْلَهَا وَإِنَّ الله جَعَلَ لِلْمَعْرُوفِ أَعْدَاءً مِنْ خَلْقِهِ بَغَّضَ إِلَيْهِمُ الْمَعْرُوفَ وَبَغَّضَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَعَالَهُ وَحَظَرَ عَلَى طُلاَّبِ الْمَعْرُوفِ الطَّلَبَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَحَظَرَ عَلَيْهِمْ قَضَاءَهُ كَمَا يُحَرِّمُ الْغَيْثَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ الْمُجْدِبَةِ لِيُهْلِكَهَا وَيُهْلِكَ أَهْلَهَا وَمَا يَعْفُو الله أَكْثَرُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Dawud al-Riqqiy from abu Hamzah al-Thumaliy who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has created a people to actuate Benevolent Assistance. He has made the doing of Benevolent Assistance beloved to them and has directed the recipients of Benevolent Assistance toward them to seek help. He has made the doing of Benevolent Assistance easy for them just as abundant rain eases the barren land to come alive and give life to its inhabitants. Also as enemies of Benevolent Assistance Allah has created a creature. He has made it to seem abhorrent to them as well as the doing of Benevolent Assistance. He has prohibited those who seek Benevolent Assistance to appeal for help before such creatures, and He has prohibited these creatures to provide such assistance, just as He prohibits abundant rain to fall on barren land to destroy it and its inhabitants; however, Allah’s forgiveness is greater.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/152)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ إِنَّ مِنْ أَحَبِّ عِبَادِ الله إِلَى الله لَمَنْ حَبَّبَ إِلَيْهِ الْمَعْرُوفَ وَحَبَّبَ إِلَيْهِ فَعَالَهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِثْلَهُ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Dawud al-Riqqiy from abu Hamzah al-Thumaliy who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘The most beloved servant of Allah in His sight is a servant to whom providing Benevolent Assistance is most beloved and who loves to perform such act.’” Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Dawud al-Riqqiy from abu Hamzah from abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/153)