14. One Who Distributes Charity Has a Share in Rewards with the Donor of Charity

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ قَالَ دَفَعَ إِلَيَّ شِهَابُ بْنُ عَبْدِ رَبِّهِ دَرَاهِمَ مِنَ الزَّكَاةِ أَقْسِمُهَا فَأَتَيْتُهُ يَوْماً فَسَأَلَنِي هَلْ قَسَمْتَهَا فَقُلْتُ لا فَأَسْمَعَنِي كَلاماً فِيهِ بَعْضُ الْغِلْظَةِ فَطَرَحْتُ مَا كَانَ بَقِيَ مَعِي مِنَ الدَّرَاهِمِ وَقُمْتُ مُغْضَباً فَقَالَ لِيَ ارْجِعْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ سَمِعْتُهُ مِنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فَرَجَعْتُ فَقَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي إِذَا وَجَدْتُ زَكَاتِي أَخْرَجْتُهَا فَأَدْفَعُ مِنْهَا إِلَى مَنْ أَثِقُ بِهِ يَقْسِمُهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ لا بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ أَحَدُ الْمُعْطِينَ قَالَ صَالِحٌ فَأَخَذْتُ الدَّرَاهِمَ حَيْثُ سَمِعْتُ الْحَدِيثَ فَقَسَمْتُهَا.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Salih ibn Razin who has said the following: “Shihab ibn ‘ Abd Rabbihi gave to me a certain amount of dirhams of zakat to distribute among the needy. One day I visited him, and he asked, ‘Did you distribute them?’ I said, ‘No, I have not done so.’ He said something that I did not like. I then threw to him what still was not distributed and got up to leave. He said, ‘Come back and allow me to tell you about something that I heard from Ja’far ibn Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam.’ I returned and he said to me, ‘I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, “Can I give the amount of zakat I owe to someone I trust so he can distribute among the needy?” He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is just fine. He receives a reward like the donors of charity. Salih has said, “I then took the dirhams back after hearing the Hadith, and distributed them (among the needy).”’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/144)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي نَهْشَلٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَوْ جَرَى الْمَعْرُوفُ عَلَى ثَمَانِينَ كَفّاً لأُجِرُوا كُلُّهُمْ فِيهِ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يُنْقَصَ صَاحِبُهُ مِنْ أَجْرِهِ شَيْئاً.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from abu Nahshal from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that even if a virtuous matter passes through eighty hands, all of them earn a reward without any reduction in the reward of the initiator of such a virtuous matter.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/145)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُعْطَى الدَّرَاهِمَ يَقْسِمُهَا قَالَ يَجْرِي لَهُ مَا يَجْرِي لِلْمُعْطِي وَلا يُنْقَصُ الْمُعْطِي مِنْ أَجْرِهِ شَيْئاً.


3. Muhammad ibn Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadan ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “About a man who gives a certain amount of dirhams to someone to distribute among the needy, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘What applies to the donor also applies to him without any reduction in the reward of the donor.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالحسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/145)