Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the Arabization of the Nabatean, and the Nabateaization of the Arab
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثني عمي محمد بن أبي القاسم، عن محمد بن علي الكوفي، عن عثمان بن عيسى، عن فرات بن أحنف، قال: سأل رجل أبا عبد الله عليه السلام فقال: إن من قبلنا يقولون: نعوذ بالله من شر الشيطان وشر السلطان وشر النبطي إذا استعرب. فقال: نعم، ألا أزيدك منه؟ قال: بلى. قال: ومن شر العربي إذا استنبط. فقلت: وكيف ذاك؟ فقال: من دخل الاسلام فادعا مولى غيرنا فقد تعرب بعد هجرته فهذا النبطي إذا استعرب. وأما العربي إذا استنبط فمن أقر بولاء من دخل به في الاسلام فادعاه دوننا فهذا قد استنبط.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Ali Majilawayh, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: I was told by my paternal uncle, Muhammed bin Abi’l-Qasim, from Muhammed bin Ali al-Kufi, from Uthman bin Isa, from Furat bin Ahnaf, that he said: A man asked Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, and said: Those before us say: «We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of Shaytan, the evil of the ruler and the evil of the Nabatean if he is Arabized.» Then I said: And how is that? He said: The one who enters Islam and proclaims a master other than us, has Arabized after his migration, and hence, this is the Nabatean who has been Arabized. As for the Arab who Nabateaizes, it is the one who acknowledges the authority of the one because of which he entered Islam, and so he proclaims him and not us, and hence, this is the Arab who has been Nabateaized.