Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of what Umm Salama wrote to Aisha when she wanted to go out to Basra
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن علي ماجيلويه - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثني عمي [محمد بن أبي القاسم]، عن محمد بن علي الصيرفي القرشي الكوفي، قال: حدثنا نصر بن مزاحم المنقري، عن عمر بن سعد، عن أبي مخنف لوط بن يحيى، عن عقبة الأزدي، عن أبي أخنس الأرحبي قال: لما أرادت عائشة الخروج إلى البصرة كتبت إليها أم سلمة - رضي الله عنها - زوجة النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: أما بعد فإنك سدة بين رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وبين أمته وحجابه المضروب على حرمته وقد جمع القرآن ذيلك فلا تندحيه، وسكن عقيراك فلا تصحريها، [إن] الله من وراء هذه الأمة، قد علم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله مكانك لو أراد أن يعهد إليك لفعل، ولقد عهد، فاحفظي ما عهد فلا تخالفي فيخالف بك، واذكري قوله عليه السلام في نباح الكلاب بحوأب، وقوله " ما للنساء والغزو؟ " وقوله صلى الله عليه وآله: " انظري يا حميراء ألا تكوني أنت علت علت بل قد نهاك عن الفرطة في البلاد وإن عمود الاسلام لن يثاب بالنساء إن مال، ولن يرأب بهن إن صدع، حماديات النساء غض الابصار، وخفر الاعراض، وقصر الوهازة، ما كنت قائله لو أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله عارضك ببعض الفلوات، ناصة قلوصا من منهل إلى آخر؟! إن بعين الله مهواك، وعلى رسول الله تردين، قد وجهت سدافته، وتركت عهيداه، لو سرت مسيرك هذا ثم قيل لي: " ادخلي الفردوس " لاستحييت أن ألقى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله هاتكة حجابا قد ضربه علي، اجعلي حصنك بيتك ورباعة الستر قبرك، حتى تلقيه، وأنت على تلك الحال أطوع ما تكونين لله ما لزمته، وأنصر ما تكونين للدين ما جلست عنه، لو ذكرتك بقول تعرفينه لنهشتني نهش الرقشاء المطرق. فقالت عائشة: ما أقبلني لوعظك، وما أعرفني بنصحك، وليس الامر على ما تظنين ولنعم المسير ومسيرا فزعت إلي فيه فئتان متشاجرتان، إن أقعد ففي غير حرج، وإن أنهض فإلى ما لا بد من الا زياد منه. فقالت أم سلمة: لو كان معتصما من زلة أحد * كانت لعائشة العتبى على الناس كم سنة لرسول الله دارسة * وتلو آي من القرآن مدارس قد ينزع الله من قوم عقولهم * حتى يكون الذي يقضى على الرأس.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Ali Majilawayh, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: I was told by my paternal uncle, Muhammed bin Abi’l-Qasem, from Muhammed bin Ali al-Sayrafi al-Qurashi al-Kufi, that he said: We were told by Nasr bin Muzahim al-Manqari, from Umar bin Sa’d, from Abu Mukhnif, Lut bin Yahya, from ‘Uqba al-Azdi, from Abu Akhnas al-Arhubi, that he said: When Aisha wanted to go out to Basra, Umm Salama, may Allah be pleased with her, the wife of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, wrote to her: To proceed, you are, indeed, an obstacle between the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and between his nation, and (you are) his veil that is cast on his sanctity. The Qur’an had gathered that for you, so dot open it, and it declared that you should remain in the core (of your home), so do not make it to be in the desert. Indeed, Allah is behind this nation. Certainly, the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, knew your place. If he wanted to bequeath to you, he would surely have done, and he has certainly bequeathed, so preserve what he was bequeathed, and so not oppose, lest that you oppose your Lord. Moreover, remember the saying of him, peace be upon him, with regards to the barking of the dogs of Haw’ab, and his saying: «What is it for women to (engage in) conquest?» And the saying of him, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family: «Look, O Humaira, be careful that you deviate». Rather, he had forbidden you to march in the lands. Indeed, the pillar of Islam will never be upright through women if it inclines, nor will it be fulfilled through them if it is cut. The utmost acts of women is to lower the gazes, to maintain reticence in their bodies and to lessen their stepping. What would you say if the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, had met you in some open lands, while you are wandering uphill from one spot to another? Indeed, your desire is observed by the Eye of Allah, and you will return to (be judged before) Allah’s Messenger. You have removed his cover and abandoned the oath to him. If I had marched this march of yours and it would then be said to me: «Enter the Highest Paradise» I would be embarrassed from meeting Allah’s Messenger, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, having violated a veil he had cast over me. Make your shield to be your house and the layered veil your grave, until you meet him. You will be, while you are in that condition, the most obedient you can be to Allah with regards to what He has bound upon you, and (you would be) the most supporting you can be to the Religion, if you were to sit (by abstaining) from it. If I was to remind you of a saying that you know, you would have bit me like the biting of a dotted snake. Aisha then said: How accepting am I to your advice, and how knowledgeable am I of your sincerity. The matter is not as you assume. How good of a march is a march in which two quarreling fractions advanced to me; if I am to sit (by not marching), it will be of no discomfort, and if I am to rise (by marching), it would be towards that which is a must to increase from. Umm Salama then said: If it was adhering strongly from (falling unto) the slip of anyone, Aisha would have the legitimacy to blame the people. How many traditions of Allah’s Messenger have become extinguished, After (the interpretation of) verses of the Qur’an were extinguished? Allah might remove from a people their intellects, Until it is that which finishes off the head.