Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the fulfilment of the servants to the oath with Allah, and the meaning of the fulfilment of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, to the oath with the servants
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبي - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي القاسم، عن محمد بن علي القرشي، قال: حدثنا أبو الربيع الزهراني ، قال: حدثنا حريز، عن ليث بن أبي سليم، عن مجاهد، عن ابن عباس، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لما أنزل الله تبارك و تعالى: " وأوفوا بعهدي أوف بعهدكم " والله لقد خرج آدم من الدنيا وقد عاهد [قومه] على الوفاء لولده شيث، فما وفي له، ولقد خرج نوح من الدنيا وعاهد قومه على الوفاء لوصيه سام، فما وفت أمته، ولقد خرج إبراهيم من الدنيا وعاهد قومه على الوفاء لوصيه إسماعيل، فما وفت أمته، ولقد خرج موسى من الدنيا وعاهد قومه على الوفاء لوصيه يوشع بن نون فما وفت أمته، ولقد رفع عيسى ابن مريم إلى السماء وقد عاهد قومه على الوفاء لوصيه شمعون بن حمون الصفا فما وفت أمته، وإني مفارقكم عن قريب وخارج من بين أظهركم وقد عهدت إلى أمتي في علي بن أبي طالب وإنها [ا] لراكبة سنن من قبلها من الأمم في مخالفة وصيي وعصيانه، ألا وإني مجدد عليكم عهدي في علي، فمن نكث فإنما ينكث على نفسه ومن أوفى بما عاهد الله فسيؤتيه أجرا عظيما. أيها الناس إن عليا إمامكم من بعدي، وخليفتي عليكم، وهو وصيي، و وزيري، وأخي، وناصري، وزوج ابنتي، وأبو ولدي، وصاحب شفاعتي وحوضي ولوائي، من أنكره فقد أنكرني، ومن أنكرني فقد أنكر الله عز وجل، ومن أقر بإمامته فقد أقر بنبوتي، ومن أقر بنبوتي فقد أقر بوحدانية الله عز وجل. أيها الناس من عصى عليا فقد عصاني، ومن عصاني فقد عصى الله عز وجل، ومن أطاع عليا فقد أطاعني، ومن أطاعني فقد أطاع الله. أيها الناس من رد علي علي في قول أو فعل فقد رد علي، ومن علي فقد رد على الله فوق عرشه. أيها الناس من اختار منكم على علي إماما فقد اختار علي نبيا ومن اختار علي نبيا فقد اختار الله عز وجل ربا. أيها الناس إن عليا سيد الوصيين، وقائد الغر المحجلين، ومولى المؤمنين، وليه وليي، ووليي ولي الله، وعدوه عدوي، وعدوي عدو الله. أيها الناس أوفوا بعهد الله في علي يوف لكم في الجنة يوم القيامة.

1. We were told by my father, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Abi’l-Qasem, from Muhammed bin Ali al-Qurashi, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Rabee’ al-Zahrani, that he said: We were told by Huraiz, from Laith bin Abi Saleem, from Mujahid, from Ibn Abbas, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: When Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, sent down: «And fulfill the oath with Me, I will fulfill the oath with you.» (2:40) By Allah, verily, Adam went out of this world and he had made his people swear an oath to fulfill to his son, Sheeth [1], and it was not fulfilled to him. Verily, Nuh went out of this world and he had made his people swear an oath to fulfill to his Successor, Sam, and his nation did not fulfill it him. Verily, Ibrahim went out of this world and he had made his people swear an oath to fulfill to his Successor, Isma’eel , and his nation did not fulfill it him. Verily, Musa went out of this world and he had made his people swear an oath to fulfill to his Successor, Jusha’ bin Nun [2], and his nation did not fulfill it him. Verily, Isa was raised to Heaven and he had made his people swear an oath to fulfill to his Successor, Sham’un bin Hamoun al-Safa [2], and his nation did not fulfill it him. And indeed, I am to depart from you soon, and I am to leave from before your appearance, and I have, verily, made my nation swear an oath to fulfill with regards to Ali bin Abi Talib. Indeed, it is the one that will ride the traditions of those before it of nations, with regards to opposing my Successor and disobeying him. Alas, I am, indeed, renewing upon you my oath (by which you are bound) with regards to Ali. Thus, the one who violates, he only violates on the account of himself, and the one who fulfills to what he has sworn an oath to Allah for, He will grant him a great reward. O people, indeed, Ali is your Leader after me, my Successor upon you, and he is my Bequeathed, Minister, brother, assistant, husband of my daughter, the father of my sons and the possessor of my salvation, basin and banner. The one who denies him has certainly denied me, and the one who denies me has certainly denied Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and the one who acknowledges his Imamate has certainly acknowledged my Prophethood, and the one who acknowledges my Prophethood has certainly acknowledged the Oneness of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He. O people, the one who disobeys Ali has certainly disobeyed me, and the one who disobeys me has certainly disobeyed Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, and the one who obeys Ali has certainly obeyed me, and the one who obeys me has certainly obeyed Allah. O people, the one who rejects Ali with regards to speech or action has certainly rejected me, and the one who rejects me has certainly rejected Allah above His Throne. O people, the one amongst you who chooses above Ali a leader has certainly chosen above me a prophet, and the one who has chosen above me a prophet has certainly chosen above Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, a lord. O people, indeed, Ali is the Master of the Successors, the Leader of the Radiant and Beautiful and the Master of the Believers. His ally is my ally, and my ally is the ally of Allah, and his enemy is my enemy, and my enemy is the enemy of Allah. O people, fulfill the oath of Allah with regards to Ali, and it will be fulfilled to you with regards to Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.