Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the saying of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, with regards to Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon that, that he is the Master of the Arabs
Hadith #1

حدثنا أحمد بن الحسن بن عبدويه القطان، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن يحيى بن زكريا القطان، قال: حدثنا بكر بن عبد الله بن حبيب، قال: حدثنا تميم بن بهلول، قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن صالح بن أبي سلمة النصيبي، قال: حدثنا أبو عوانة، عن أبي بشير، عن سعيد بن جبير، عن عائشة قالت، كنت عند النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فأقبل علي بن أبي طالب عليه السلام فقال: هذا سيد العرب. فقلت: يا رسول الله ألست سيد العرب؟ قال: أنا سيد ولد آدم وعلي سيد العرب. قلت: وما السيد؟ قال: من افترضت طاعته كما افترضت طاعتي.

1. We were told by Ahmad bin Hasan bin ‘Abdawayh al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Yahya bin Zakariya al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Bikr bin Abdullah bin Habib, that he said: We were told by Tamim bin Buhlul, that he said: We were told by Abdullah bin Saleh bin Abi Salama al-Nusaybi, that he said: We were told by Abu ‘Awana, from Abu Basheer, from Sa’eed bin Jubayr, from Aisha, that she said: I was at the place of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, and then Ali bin Abi Talib, peace be upon him, approached, and he said: This is the Master of the Arabs. Then I said: O Allah’s Messenger, are you not the Master of the Arabs? He said: I am the Master of the sons of Adam, and Ali is the Master of the Arabs. I said: And what is a Master? He said: The one to whom obedience is made obligatory, like how obedience to me is made obligatory.



Hadith #2

حدثنا أحمد بن محمد [بن] السناني - رضي الله عنه - قال: حدثنا حمزة بن القاسم العلوي العباسي، قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مالك الفزاري، قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسين بن [ي‍] زيد الزيات، قال: حدثنا محمد بن سنان، قال: حدثنا زياد بن المنذر، عن سعيد بن جبير، عن عائشة قالت: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: علي سيد العرب فقلت: يا رسول الله ألست سيد العرب؟ قال: أنا سيد ولد آدم وعلي سيد العرب. قلت: وما السيد؟ قال: من افترضت طاعته كما افترضت طاعتي.

2. We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin al-Sinani, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by Hamza bin Qasim al-Alawi al-Abbasi, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Malik al-Fazari, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Hussain bin Zaid, the Oilman, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Sinan, that he said: We were told by Ziyad bin Mundhir, from Sa’eed bin Jubayr, from Aisha, that she said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Ali is the Master of the Arabs. So I said: O Allah’s Messenger, are you not the Master of the Arabs? He said: I am the Master of the sons of Adam, and Ali is the Master of the Arabs. I said: And what is a Master? He said: The one to whom obedience is made obligatory, like how obedience to me is made obligatory.