Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the shahbara, lahbara, nahbara, haydara and lafout
Hadith #1

حدثنا أبو الحسن محمد بن عمرو بن علي بن عبد الله البصري، قال: حدثنا أبو الحسن علي بن الحسن بن بندار التميمي الطبري بأسفرايين في مسجد الجامع، قال: حدثنا أبو نصر محمد بن يوسف الطوسي بطبران قال: حدثنا أبي، قال: حدثنا علي ابن خشرم المروزي، قال: حدثنا الفضل بن موسى السيناني المروزي، قال: قال لي أبو حنيفة النعمان بن ثابت أفيدك حديثا طريفا لم تسمع أطرف منه؟ قال: فقلت: نعم فقال أبو حنيفة أخبرني حماد بن أبي سليمان، عن إبراهيم النخعي، عن عبد الله بن بحية عن زيد بن ثابت قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: يا زيد تزوجت؟ قلت: لا. قال: تزوج تستعف مع عفتك، ولا تزوجن خمسا. قال زيد: من هن يا رسول الله؟ فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: لا تزوجن شهبرة ولا لهبرة ولا نهبرة ولا هيدرة ولا لفوتا. قال زيد: يا رسول الله ما عرفت مما قلت شيئا وإني بآخرهن لجاهل. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآلهألستم عربا؟ أما الشهبرة فالزرقاء البذية، وأما اللهبرة فالطويلة المهزولة، وأما النهبرة فالقصيرة الدميمة، وأما الهيدرة فالعجوز المدبرة، وأما اللفوت فذات الولد من غيرك.

1. We were told by Abu’l-Hasan, Muhammed bin Amru bin Ali bin Abdullah al-Basri, that he said: We were told by Abu’l-Hasan, Ali bin Hasan bin Bandar al-Tamimi al-Tabari, in Esfarayen, in the mosque of the congregation, that he said: We were told by Abu Nasr, Muhammed bin Yusuf al-Tusi, in Tabaran [1], that he said: We were told by my father, that he said: We were told by Ali ibn Khashram al-Maruzi, that he said: We were told by Fadl bin Musa al-Nasa’I al-Maruzi, that he said: Abu Hanifa, Nu’man bin Thabit, said to me: Shall I benefit you with an unusual narration which you have not heard the like of anything more unusual? He said: Then I said: Yes. Then Abu Hanifa said: I was informed by Hammad bin Sulayman, from Ibrahim al-Nakha’I, from Abdullah bin Najiya, from Zaid bin Thabit, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: O Zaid, have you married? I said: No. He said: Marry, and you will be virtuous after your chastity, and do not marry five. Zaid said: And who are they, O Messenger of Allah? The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Do not marry a shahbara, nor a lahbara, nor a nahbara, nor a haydara, nor a lafout. Zaid said: O Messenger of Allah, I do not know about anything of what you mentioned, and I am ignorant of the last of them. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Are you not Arabs? As for the shahbara, she is the blue and vulgar. As for the lahbara, she is the tall and gaunty. As for the nahbara, she is the short and deformed. As for the haydara, she is the old woman who is managed. As for the lafout, she is the one with children from other than you.