Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of shujna
Hadith #1

حدثنا علي بن أحمد بن عبد الله بن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله البرقي، قال: حدثني أبي، عن جده أحمد بن أبي عبد الله، عن أبيه محمد بن خالد، عن يونس بن عبد الرحمن، عن عمرو بن جميع، قال: كنت عند أبي عبد الله عليه السلام مع نفر من أصحابه فسمعته وهو يقول: إن رحم الأئمة عليهم السلام من آل محمد صلى الله عليه وآله لتتعلق بالعرش يوم القيامة وتتعلق بها أرحام المؤمنين تقول: يا رب صل من وصلنا واقطع من قطعنا. قال: ويقول الله تبارك وتعالى: أنا الرحمن وأنت الرحم شققت اسمك من اسمي فمن وصلك وصلته ومن قطعك قطعته، ولذلك قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: الرحم شجنة من الله عز وجل.

1. We were told by Ali bin Ahmad bin Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Abi Abdillah al-Barqi, that he said: I was told by my father, from his grandfather, Ahmad bin Abi Abdillah, from his father, Muhammed bin Khalid, from Yunus bin Abdul-Rahman, from Amru bin Jumay’, that he said: I was at the place of Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, with a group of his companions, and I heard him while he was saying: Indeed, the womb of the Imams, peace be upon him, from the Family of Muhammed, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, will surely adhere to the Throne on the Day of Resurrection, and onto it will the wombs of the believers adhere, and it will say: «O Lord, connect (us) to those who connected to us, and disconnect (us) from those who disconnected from us.» He said: Then Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, will say: «I am the Mercifull to all, and you are the womb ; I split your name out of My Name. Hence, the one who connects to you, I will connect him, and the one who disconnects from you, I will disconnect him.» That is why the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family said: The womb is a shujna from Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He.



Hadith #2

أخبرنا أبو الحسين محمد بن هارون الزنجاني فيما كتب إلي قال: حدثنا علي بن عبد العزيز، قال: سمعت القاسم بن سلام يقول في معنى قول النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: " الرحم شجنة من الله عز وجل ": يعني أنه قرابة مشتبكة كاشتباك العروق. وقول القائل: " الحديث ذو شجون " إنما هو تمسك بعضه ببعض. وقال بعض أهل العلم: يقال: " شجر متشجن " إذا التف بعضه ببعض. ويقال: شجنة وشجنة والشجن كالغصن يكون من الشجرة وقد قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله: إن فاطمة شجنة مني يؤذيني ما آذاها ويسرني ما يسرها صلوات الله عليها.

We were informed by Abu’l-Hussain, Muhammed bin Harun al-Zanjani, with regards to what he wrote to me, that hsaid: We were told by Ali bin Abdul-Aziz, that he said: I heard Qasem bin Salam say with regards to the meaning of the saying of the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family: «The womb is a shujna from Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He», that he means that it is a common kinship that is entangled like the entangling of veins. The saying of a sayer: «The narration has shujoun [1]» is that some parts of it adhere to other parts. Some from the people of knowledge said: It is said: «Trees that are mutashajjin» if some of them are wrapped around each other. It is also said: Shajna and shijna. Shujn is like a branch that is from a tree. The Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, has said: Indeed, Fatima is a shujna from me; that which hurts her, hurts me, and that which makes her happy, makes me happy. Allah’s blessings be upon her.



Hadith #3

حدثنا بذلك أحمد بن الحسن القطان: قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن سعيد الكوفي مولى بني هاشم، قال: أخبرنا المنذر بن محمد قراءة، قال: حدثنا جعفر بن سليمان التميمي قال: حدثنا إسماعيل بن مهران، عن عباية، عن ابن عباس، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله [أنه] قال: إن فاطمة شجنة مني يؤذيني ما آذاها ويسرني ما يسرها، وإن الله تبارك وتعالى ليغضب لغضب فاطمة ويرضى لرضاها صلوات الله عليها.

2. We were told of that by Ahmad bin Hasan al-Qattan, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Sa’eed al-Kufi, the servant of the sons of Hashim, that he said: We were informed by Mundhir bin Muhammed, by reading, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Sulayman al-Tamimi, that he said: We were told by Isma’eel bin Mahran, from ‘Abaya, from Ibn Abbas, from the Prophet, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, that he said: Indeed, Fatima is a shujna from me; that which hurts her, hurts me, and that which makes her happy, makes me happy. Indeed, Allah, Blessed and Exalted is He, is surely angered for the anger of Fatima, and He is pleased for her satisfaction. Allah’s blessings be upon her.