Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of openhandedness and its limitation
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن بعض أصحابنا، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قلت له: ما حد السخاء؟ قال: تخرج من مالك الحق الذي أوجبه الله عليك فتضعه في موضعه.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed, from Hasan bin Mahbub, from some of our companions, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: I said to him: What is the limitation of openhandedness? He said: That you extract from your property the right which Allah has obliged upon you, and you put it in its place.



Hadith #2

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن حريز بن عبد الله، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: السخي الكريم، الذي ينفق ماله في حق.

2. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Ali bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Hammad bin Isa, from Huraiz bin Abdullah, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: The openhandedness is the generous who spends his property in rights.



Hadith #3

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل، قال: حدثنا علي بن الحسين السعد آبادي، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله، عن أبيه، عن أحمد بن النضر، عن علي بن عوف الأزدي قال: قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام: السخاء أن تسخو نفس العبد عن الحرام أن تطلبه فإذا ظفر بالحلال طابت نفسه أن ينفقه في طاعة الله عز وجل.

3. We were told by Muhammed bin Musa bin Mutawakkil, that he said: We were told by Ali bin Hussain Sa’d-Abadi, from Ahmad bin Abi Abdillah, from his father, from Ahmad bin Nadhr, from Ali bin ‘Awf al-Azdi, that he said: Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: Openhandedness is that a servant’s soul elevates above seeking the forbidden, and if he achieves the permissible, his soul appeals to spend it in (what brings about) the obedience to Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He).



Hadith #4

وبهذا الاسناد، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله، عن ابن فضال، عن رجل، عن حفص بن غياث، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: السخاء شجرة في الجنة أصلها و هي مظلة على الدنيا، من تعلق بغصن من اجتره إلى الجنة.

4. With this chain of narrators, from Ahmad bin Abi Abdillah, from Ibn Faddal, from a man, from Hafs bin Ghiyath, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Openhandedness is a tree whose root is in Paradise and which shades upon this world. The one who adheres to a branch of it will be drawn to Paradise.