Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of a Muslim, believer, migrant, Arab and a mawla
Hadith #1

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن أبي عبد الله، عن أبيه، عن محمد بن أبي عمير، عن بعض أصحابه، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام أنه قال: المسلم من سلم الناس من يده ولسانه، والمؤمن من ائتمنه الناس على أموالهم وأنفسهم.

1. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Abdullah, from his father, from Muhammed bin Abi ‘Umayr, from some of his companions, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: A Muslim is one whom people are at safety from his hand and tongue, and a believer is the one whom people trust (as a guardian) upon their property and (upon) themselves.

Hadith #2

وروي في حديث آخر أن المؤمن من أمن جاره بوائقه.

2. It has been narrated in another narration that a believer is the one whose neighbour is at safety from his misfortunes.

Hadith #3

وروي أن الصادق عليه السلام قال: من ولد في الاسلام فهو عربي، ومن دخل فيه بعدما كبر فهو مهاجر، ومن سبي واعتق فهو مولى ومولى القوم من أنفسهم.

3. It has been narrated that al-Sadiq, peace be upon him, said: The one who is born in (the fold of) Islam, is an Arab, and the one who enters into it after having grown up, is a migrant, and the one who was taken as a captive (of war) and was liberated (from slavery), he is a mawla. The mawla of a people is from themselves.