Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of the saying of Salman, may Allah be pleased with him, when the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: «Which of you fast for a lifetime? And which of you revives the night? And which of you completes the Qur’an every day?» To which he said with regards to that: «Me»
Hadith #1

حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن يحيى العطار - رضي الله عنه - قال حدثنا أبي، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن نوح بن شعيب العقرقوفي، عن شعيب، عن أبي بصير، قال: سمعت الصادق جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام، يحدث، عن أبيه، عن آبائه عليهم السلام قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يوما لأصحابه: أيكم يصوم الدهر؟ فقال سلمان - رحمة الله عليه -: أنا يا رسول الله فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: فأيكم يحيي الليل؟ قال سلمان أنا يا رسول الله. قال: فأيكم يختم القرآن في كل يوم؟ فقال سلمان: أنا يا رسول الله. فغضب بعض أصحابه فقال: يا رسول الله إن سلمان رجل من الفرس يريد أن يفتخر علينا! قلت: أيكم يصوم الدهر؟ قال: أنا، وهو أكثر أيامه يأكل، وقلت أيكم يحيي الليل؟ فقال: أنا، وهو أكثر ليله نائم، وقلت: أيكم يختم القرآن في كل يوم؟ فقال: أنا، وهو أكثر أيامه صامت! فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: مه يا فلان أنى لك بمثل لقمان الحكيم! سله فإنه ينبئك. فقال الرجل لسلمان: يا عبد الله أليس زعمت أنك تصوم الدهر؟ فقال، نعم. فقال: رأيتك في أكثر نهارك تأكل؟ فقال: ليس حيث تذهب إني أصوم الثلاثة في الشهر وقال الله عز وجل: " من جاء بالحسنة فله عشر أمثالها " وأصل شعبان بشهر رمضان فذلك صوم الدهر. فقال: أليس زعمت أنك تحيي الليل؟ فقال: نعم. فقال: إنك أكثر ليلك نائم. فقال: ليس حيث تذهب، ولكني سمعت حبيبي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: " من بات على طهر فكأنما أحيا الليل " فأنا أبيت على طهر. فقال: أليس زعمت أنك تختم القرآن في كل يوم؟ قال: نعم، قال: فأنت أكثر أيامك صامت، فقال: ليس حيث تذهب، ولكني سمعت حبيبي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول لعلي عليه السلام: " يا أبا الحسن مثلك في أمتي مثل قل هو الله أحد فمن قرأها مرة فقد قرأ ثلث القرآن ومن قرأها مرتين فقد قرأ ثلثي القرآن ومن قرأها ثلاثا فقد ختم القرآن، فمن أحبك بلسانه فقد كمل له ثلث الايمان، ومن أحبك بلسانه وقلبه فقد كمل له ثلثا الايمان، ومن أحبك بلسانه وقلبه ونصرك بيده فقد استكمل الايمان. والذي بعثني بالحق يا علي لو أحبك أهل الأرض كمحبة أهل السماء لك لما عذب أحد بالنار " وأنا أقر أقل هو الله أحد في كل يوم ثلاث مرات. فقام فكأنه قد ألقم حجرا.

1. We were told by Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, may Allah be pleased with him, that he said: We were told by my father, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Nuh bin Shu’aib al-‘Aqraqufi, from Shu’aib, from Abu Baseer, that he said: I heard al-Sadiq, Ja’far bin Muhammed, peace be upon them both, narrate from his father, from his fathers, peace be upon them, that he said: The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said one day to his companions: Which of you fasts for a lifetime? Then Salman, upon whom is Allah’s mercy, said: Me, O Messenger of Allah. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Then which of you revives the night? Salman said: Me, O Messenger of Allah. He said: Then which of you completes the Qur’an every day? Then Salman said: Me, O Messenger of Allah. Then some of his companions were angered, and he said: O Messenger of Allah, indeed, Salman, a man from the Persians, wants to pride over us? You said: «Which you fasts for a lifetime?» and he said: «Me» whereas he eats most of his days. And you said: «Which of you revives the night?» and then he said: «Me» whereas he sleeps most of his night. And you said: «Which of you completes the Qur’an every day?» and then he said: «Me» whereas he is silent most of his time. Then the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, said: Careful, O such-a-person, how can you achieve that of Luqman the Wise? Ask him, for indeed, he will inform you. Then the man said to Salman: O servant of Allah, did you not claim that you fast for a lifetime? He said: Yes. Then he said: I have seen you eating (throughout) most of your day. He said: It is not as you think. I fast the three days a month, and Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «The one who brings a good deed, to him is ten the likes of it.» (6:160). Furthermore, the root of Sha’ban is in the month of Ramadhan. Hence, that is fasting for a lifetime. Then he said: Did you not claim that you revive the night? He said: Yes. Then he said: You sleep most of your night. He said: It is not as you think. However, I have heard my beloved, the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, say: «The one who sleeps upon (being in a state of) purity, it is as if he has revived the night.» Hence, I sleep upon (being in a state of) purity. Then he said: Did you not claim that you complete the Qur’an every day? He said: Yes. He said: But you are silent most of your days. He said: It is not as you think. However, I have heard my beloved, the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, say to Ali, peace be upon him: «O father of Hasan, your example in my nation is like the example of: Say, He is Allah, One and Only. (112:1) Hence, the one who recites it once, has certainly recited a third of the Qur’an, and the one who recites it twice, has certainly recited two thirds of the Qur’an, and the one who recites it three times, has certainly completed the Qur’an. Thus, the one who loves you with his tongue, a third of faith has certainly been fulfilled for him, and the one who loves you with his tongue and heart, two thirds of faith has certainly been fulfilled for him, and the one who loves you with his tongue and heart and who assists you with his hand, faith has been completed for him. By He who sent me with the truth, O Ali, if the people of earth loved you like (the extent of) the love of the people of Heaven to you, none would have been tormented in the Fire.» I recite «Say, He is Allah, One and Only» (112:1) three times every day. Then he stood up, and it was as if he was force-fed with stone.